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Recent Scientific Papers


Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
A novel deliberative multicriteria evaluation approach to ecosystem service valuation
22. Juni 2017 Mavrommati, G., Borsuk, M. E., Howarth, R. B. Research
Although efforts to address ecosystem services in decision making have advanced considerably in recent years, there remain challenges related to valuation. In particular, conventional economic approaches have been criticized for their inability to capture the collective nature of ecosystem services, for their emphasis on monetary metrics, and the difficulty of assessing the value of ecosystem services to future generations. We present a deliberative multicriteria evaluation (DMCE) method that combines the advantages of multicriteria decision analysis with a deliberation process that allows...
Transitions between risk management regimes in cities
19. Juni 2017 Solecki, W., Pelling, M., Garschagen, M. Research
Ongoing climate change is encouraging cities to reevaluate their risk management strategies. Urban communities increasingly are being forced to respond to climate shifts with actions that promote resistance, resilience, or even larger scale transformations. Our objective is to present a conceptual framework that facilitates examination of how the transition from one type of risk management strategy or regime to another takes place. The research framework is built around a set of assumptions regarding the process of transition between risk management regimes. The framework includes five...
The Azteca Chess experience: learning how to share concepts of ecological complexity with small coffee farmers
19. Juni 2017 Garc?a-Barrios, L., Cruz-Morales, J., Vandermeer, J., Perfecto, I. Research
Small-scale coffee farmers understand certain complex ecological processes, and successfully navigate some of the challenges emerging from the ecological complexity on their farms. It is generally thought that scientific knowledge is able to complement farmers’ knowledge. However, for this collaboration to be fruitful, the gap between the knowledge frameworks of both farmers and scientists will need to be closed. We report on the learning results of 14 workshops held in Chiapas, Mexico during 2015 in which 117 small-scale coffee farmers of all genders (30% women) and ages who had...
Reconnecting art and science for sustainability: learning from indigenous knowledge through participatory action-research in the Amazon
19. Juni 2017 Athayde, S., Silva-Lugo, J., Schmink, M., Kaiabi, A., Heckenberger, M. Research
Sustainability science focuses on generating and applying knowledge to environmentally sound human development around the world. It requires working toward greater integration of different types of knowledge, ways of knowing, and between academy and society. We contribute to the development of approaches for learning from indigenous knowledge, through enhanced understanding of the system of values, meanings, and relationships afforded by indigenous arts. We focus on a long-term, participatory action research project developed for the revitalization of weaving knowledge among three...
Shared visions, future challenges: a case study of three Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program locations
19. Juni 2017 Walpole, E. H., Toman, E., Wilson, R. S., Stidham, M. Research
The USDA Forest Service is encouraging the restoration of select forest ecosystems through its Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program (CFLRP). Collaboration is often necessary to implement landscape-scale management projects such as these, and a substantial body of research has examined the benefits and limitations of using collaboration as a tool for improving relationships, trust, and other outcomes among stakeholder groups. However, limited research has investigated the use of collaboration to achieve large-scale ecological restoration goals. Restoration poses some unique...
Costs, cobenefits, and community responses to REDD+: a case study from Nepal
15. Juni 2017 Sharma, B. P., Shyamsundar, P., Nepal, M., Pattanayak, S. K., Karky, B. S. Research
We examine the role of subnational institutions in carbon sequestration and assess whether community forest user groups can meet both existing forest needs and international carbon demand. By conducting a qualitative evaluation of a pilot program in Nepal that made carbon payments to forest user groups, we examine if community forestry institutions can be effective, efficient, and equitable in implementing Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)+. Our evaluation relies on focus group discussions, meetings, and community and program documents of forestry user...
An exploration of sustainability change agents as facilitators of nonformal learning: mapping a moving and intertwined landscape
15. Juni 2017 Van Poeck, K., L?ss?e, J., Block, T. Research
We explore the variety of ways in which change agents try to contribute to sustainable development and how, by doing so, they enable different forms of learning. Drawing on research literature as well as empirical studies, we distinguish a diversity of change agency roles. We then describe and develop an ideal typology of change agents according to how they relate to two fields of tension: that between instrumental vs. open-ended approaches to change and learning, and that between personal detachment vs. involvement. Finally, we compare the developed ideal types, i.e., Technician...
Pastoralist-predator interaction at the roof of the world: Conflict dynamics and implications for conservation
12. Juni 2017 Din, J. Ud, Ali, H., Ali, A., Younus, M., Mehmood, T., Norma-Rashid, Y., Nawaz, M. Research
Pastoralism and predation are two major concomitantly known facts and matters of concern for conservation biologists worldwide. Pastoralist-predator conflict constitutes a major social-ecological concern in the Pamir mountain range encompassing Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan, and affects community attitudes and tolerance toward carnivores. Very few studies have been conducted to understand the dynamics of livestock predation by large carnivores like snow leopards (Panthera uncia) and wolves (Canis lupus), owing to the region’s remoteness and inaccessibility. This study attempts...
The concept of the Anthropocene as a game-changer: a new context for social innovation and transformations to sustainability
08. Juni 2017 Olsson, P., Moore, M., Westley, F. R., McCarthy, D. D. P. Insight
After tracing the antecedents of the concept and considering its intersection in social innovation research, we put forward the argument that the Anthropocene concept points to three areas of thought that are strategically imperative and must be accelerated if social innovation theory and practice is to prove transformative and respond to the challenges associated with the Anthropocene. First, we contend that the current debate on social innovation for sustainability lacks a deeper focus on human-environmental interactions and the related feedbacks, which will be necessary to understand...
Metapopulation perspective to institutional fit: maintenance of dynamic habitat networks
08. Juni 2017 Fabritius, H., Jokinen, A., Cabeza, M. Research
Species living in metapopulations depend on connected habitat networks for their survival. If habitat networks experience fast temporal dynamics, species conservation requires preventing habitat discontinuities that could lead to metapopulation extinctions. However, few institutional solutions exist for the maintenance of spatiotemporally dynamic habitat networks outside of protected areas. To explore this often neglected problem, we studied the institutional fit of false heath fritillary (Melitaea diamina) conservation in Finland from the perspective of conservation institutions’...
Teaching originality? Common habits behind creative production in science and arts
05. Juni 2017 Scheffer, M., Baas, M., Bjordam, T. K. Synthesis
Originality is a prerequisite for world-changing science and arts alike, but it cannot be taught. Or can it? Here, we show that a set of habits that are—surprisingly—shared among successful artists and scientists may catalyze creative output. We reveal three groups of such habits, each corresponding to a cluster of personality traits, shown to be shared by creative artists and scientists. The first habit group “embrace the unexpected” corresponds to the character trait “openness to new experiences” and encompasses tendencies to go ahead without a plan...
Indirect contributions of forests to dietary diversity in Southern Ethiopia
29. Mai 2017 Baudron, F., Duriaux Chavarr?a, J., Remans, R., Yang, K., Sunderland, T. Research
We assess whether forests contribute indirectly to the dietary diversity of rural households by supporting diverse agricultural production systems. We applied our study in a landscape mosaic in Southern Ethiopia that was divided into three zones of increasing distance to Munesa Forest—“near,” “intermediate,” and “distant.” A variety of research tools and methods, including remote sensing, participatory methods, farm survey, and yield assessment, were employed. Diets of households were more diverse in the near zone than in the other two zones (6.58...
Social-ecological memory in an autobiographical novel: ecoliteracy, place attachment, and identity related to the Korean traditional village landscape
29. Mai 2017 Kim, G., Vaswani, R., Lee, D. Research
Our study discusses how literature, in particular an autobiographical novel, can be approached as a valuable reservoir of social-ecological memory (SEM). Through our analysis of acclaimed Korean writer Park Wan-suh’s autobiographical novel Who Ate Up All the Shinga?, we discuss how an individual (the author) manifests ecoliteracy, place attachment, and identity in relation to Korea’s traditional village landscape that can serve as a suitable setting for understanding Korea’s local social-ecological contexts. We find a rich account of knowledge and practices related to...
Microeconomic relationships between and among fishers and traders influence the ability to respond to social-ecological changes in a small-scale fishery
29. Mai 2017 Kininmonth, S., Crona, B., Bodin, ?., Vaccaro, I., Chapman, L. J., Chapman, C. A. Research
Understanding the cross-scale nature of how natural resource trading links to local extraction patterns remains a topic of great relevance to stewardship and sustainable use of ecological systems. Microeconomic influences on a society’s pattern of small-scale natural resources utilization can exacerbate resource overuse, especially under increased population pressure. In many rural communities that are based on a limited diversity of resource industries, quantifying the response of extractors and traders to market and environmental fluctuations is critical to understanding management...
Interactions between payments for hydrologic services, landowner decisions, and ecohydrological consequences: synergies and disconnection in the cloud forest zone of central Veracruz, Mexico
26. Mai 2017 Asbjornsen, H., Manson, R. H., Scullion, J. J., Holwerda, F., Mu?oz-Villers, L. E., Alvarado-Barrientos, M., Geissert, D., Dawson, T. E., McDonnell, J. J., Bruijnzeel, L. Adrian Synthesis
Payments for Hydrologic Services (PHS) programs are increasingly used as a policy tool to provide incentives for upstream landowners to adopt land use activities that favor sustainable provision of high-quality water to downstream areas. However, the effectiveness of PHS programs in achieving their objectives and the potential for unintended (often undesirable) consequences remain poorly understood. We integrate results from ecohydrological and socioeconomic research to explore the impact of Mexico’s PHS program on the target hydrologic services and people’s decisions...
Public access to spatial data on private-land conservation
25. Mai 2017 Rissman, A. R., Owley, J., L'Roe, A. W., Morris, A. Wilson, Wardropper, C. B. Insight
Information is critical for environmental governance. The rise of digital mapping has the potential to advance private-land conservation by assisting with conservation planning, monitoring, evaluation, and accountability. However, privacy concerns from private landowners and the capacity of conservation entities can influence efforts to track spatial data. We examine public access to geospatial data on conserved private lands and the reasons data are available or unavailable. We conduct a qualitative comparative case study based on analysis of maps, documents, and interviews. We compare...
Restoring people and productivity to Puanui: challenges and opportunities in the restoration of an intensive rain-fed Hawaiian field system
23. Mai 2017 Marshall, K., Koseff, C., Roberts, A. L., Lindsey, A., Kagawa-Viviani, A. K., Lincoln, N. Kekuewa, Vitousek, P. M. Research
Prior to European contact, Hawaiian cultivators developed and sustained large rain-fed field systems based on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and other crops. However, these intensive systems largely were abandoned in the 19th century, and there is little knowledge of how they functioned. Since 2008, we have worked to restore people and production to one such rain-fed field system at Puanui in leeward Kohala on the Island of Hawai’i using traditional knowledge, local knowledge, and experiments to understand how such systems functioned and to provide an educational and cultural resource...
Adaptive capacity: from assessment to action in coastal social-ecological systems
18. Mai 2017 Whitney, C. K., Bennett, N. J., Ban, N. C., Allison, E. H., Armitage, D., Blythe, J. L., Burt, J. M., Cheung, W., Finkbeiner, E. M., Kaplan-Hallam, M., Perry, I., Turner, N. J., Yumagulova, L. Synthesis
Because of the complexity and speed of environmental, climatic, and socio-political change in coastal marine social-ecological systems, there is significant academic and applied interest in assessing and fostering the adaptive capacity of coastal communities. Adaptive capacity refers to the latent ability of a system to respond proactively and positively to stressors or opportunities. A variety of qualitative, quantitative, and participatory approaches have been developed and applied to understand and assess adaptive capacity, each with different benefits, drawbacks, insights, and...
Capturing the value of green space in urban parks in a sustainable urban planning and design context: pros and cons of hedonic pricing
18. Mai 2017 Engstr?m, G., Gren, A. Research
Sixty percent of the land that will be urban in 2030 has yet to be built. Contemporary urban development is unsustainable and focus is on building dense, often at the expense of urban green space (UGS), at the same time as our understanding of links between green spaces and human well-being, especially health, is increasing. There is a need to better understand and analyze human well-being qualities of UGS in a planning context. Our aim is to increase this understanding by analyzing the pros and cons of hedonic pricing in this context. Hedonic pricing is commonly used for analyzing...
Traditional ecological knowledge reveals the extent of sympatric lake trout diversity and habitat preferences
15. Mai 2017 Marin, K., Coon, A., Fraser, D. J. Research
Multidisciplinary approaches to conservation have become increasingly important in northern regions. Because many First Nations communities have relied on freshwater fish populations for essential food over millennia, community members often possess traditional ecological knowledge (TEK). We consulted Cree First Nation fishers to collate TEK for one of Canada's most important subsistence fishes (lake trout) in Québec’s largest lake (Mistassini, 2335 km2). We further integrated TEK with what was regionally known scientifically about the species, toward effective fisheries...

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