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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

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Urban-rural-natural gradient analysis with CORINE data: An application to the metropolitan France
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 171 Author(s): Marco Vizzari, Mohamed Hilal, Maurizia Sigura, Sara Antognelli, Daniel Joly Urbanization and agriculture can be considered as main drivers of landscape change in many parts of the world, including France, producing particular interacting environmental gradients, which in combination with natural components, give rise to the urban-rural-natural (URN) gradient. Along this gradient, many complex transitional landscapes, in which dynamic processes and unstable conditions occur, can be...
Florida residents’ perceived role in protecting water quantity and quality through landscape practices
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 171 Author(s): Laura A. Warner, Alexa J. Lamm, Anil Kumar Chaudhary As in many places in the world, the state of Florida in the United States (U.S.) faces important water scarcity and quality issues due to a changing climate and growing population. Many organizations work to encourage appropriate landscape fertilization and irrigation practices to address these issues but factors that influence residential landscape management behaviors are not fully understood. This study employed quantitative survey...
Impact of environment on people’s everyday experiences in Stockholm
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 171 Author(s): Karl Samuelsson, Matteo Giusti, Garry D. Peterson, Ann Legeby, S. Anders Brandt, Stephan Barthel In order to construct urban environments that limit negative impacts for global sustainability while supporting human wellbeing, there is a need to better understand how features of the environment influence people’s everyday experiences. We present a novel method for studying this combining accessibility analysis and public participatory GIS (PPGIS). Seven environment features are defined...
Editorial Board and Cover Description
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170
Food growing in the city: Exploring the productive urban landscape as a new paradigm for inclusive approaches to the design and planning of future urban open spaces
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Richard Coles, Sandra Costa This special issue considers food growing in the city. It presents a series of papers which explore the interface between urban growing initiatives and the planned city, and identifies the development of the movement in different world regions and situations. It explores the characteristics of different food growing and urban gardening scenarios regarding the inherent properties of the urban agriculture/food growing complex as an urban movement, its drivers and the...
Guerrilla gardening and green activism: Rethinking the informal urban growing movement
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Michael Hardman, Lovemore Chipungu, Hangwelani Magidimisha, Peter J. Larkham, Alister J. Scott, Richard P. Armitage Green activism and guerrilla gardening lie at the more informal end of the urban food growing movement, but little is known about the extent of this practice or the future of such unplanned activities. Accordingly, this paper firstly explores a range of informal Urban Agriculture practices, illuminating the practice within Europe, North America, Africa and other...
Urban Agriculture: Models-in-Circulation from a Critical Transnational Perspective
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Eva Schwab, Silvio Caputo, Jaime Hernández-García Urban Agriculture (UA) is practiced around the globe (Biel, 2016), supported and advocated by a diversity of actors ranging from local neighbourhood groups to supra-national bodies (e.g. FAO, 2014; Mougeot, 2006; UN Habitat, 2014). As such, UA must be understood as one of planning’s current “models-in-circulation” (Roy and Ong, 2011), characterised by the traveling of ideas and policies in a globalised world (Healey, 2013). UA...
Home-grown: Gardens, practices and motivations in urban domestic vegetable production
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Jamie B. Kirkpatrick, Aidan Davison Food production is of symbolic and practical importance in sustainable cities. Vegetable gardening in public spaces and community gardens is better understood than the same activity on private residential property. In suburbanised western cities most vegetable production is likely to be on private blocks. To increase vegetable production in cities, we need to understand private vegetable growing. We used a questionnaire administered in person with a diverse...
The role of backyard farms in two West African urban landscapes
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Imogen Bellwood-Howard, Martina Shakya, Gabin Korbeogo, Johannes Schlesinger Urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) is a well-researched landscape component, but there is a need to extend the quantitative database on West Africa as well as to explain how UPA contributes to food systems differently across locations. We therefore performed a quantitative survey of Tamale, Ghana, and Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, using a spatially randomised sampling frame to identify farms in peri-urban...
A socio-geographical approach to the diversity of urban agriculture in a West African city
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Ophelie Robineau, Patrick Dugué There is a substantial body of literature addressing urban agriculture (UA) and its diversity. But the reasons for this diversity and the perseverance of UA in today’s cities are complex, and few studies have been conducted on a regional scale that focuses on the UA dynamics involved. We took this approach in a multi-scale and space-time analysis of UA in the African city of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). In order to identify determinants of the...
Urban community gardens: An evaluation of governance approaches and related enablers and barriers at different development stages
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Runrid Fox-Kämper, Andreas Wesener, Daniel Münderlein, Martin Sondermann, Wendy McWilliam, Nick Kirk The governance structures of societies and organisations are significant determinants of their success; however, little is known about those associated with community gardens. Community gardens as models of urban green space governance can follow different approaches. They often are designed and managed by groups of like-minded or neighbourhood residents and may meet local needs...
Contested urban green spaces in the compact city: The (re-)negotiation of urban gardening in Swiss cities
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Simone Tappert, Tanja Klöti, Matthias Drilling Since the intensification of the search for sustainable urban planning, the ideal of the compact and green city characterized by high density, mixed land use and attractive green infrastructure, has become a desirable urban form at global scale. Urban greening, including urban gardening, has experienced a resurgence of interest. Within the frame of the compact city, the meanings, forms and functions of urban gardening have been re-evaluated...
Stewardship of urban ecosystem services: understanding the value(s) of urban gardens in Barcelona
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Johannes Langemeyer, Marta Camps-Calvet, Laura Calvet-Mir, Stephan Barthel, Erik Gómez-Baggethun The notion and assessment of ecosystem services (ES) values is becoming an established part of the discourse regarding urban green space performance. Yet, underlying factors enabling ES values are still poorly understood. We assume the production of ES value crucial for environmental stewardship in cities, and aimed in this study to uncover their key enabling factors. This study has been...
Evaluation of satellite-derived building height extraction by CFD simulations: A case study of neighborhood-scale ventilation in Hong Kong
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Weiwen Wang, Yong Xu, Edward Ng, Siegfried Raasch Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques, such as large-eddy simulation (LES), are widely used in urban ventilation studies. Unfortunately, realistic building data required in CFD studies are not always available. In this study, LES of urban ventilation is used to assess building height extraction from different satellite images. As a case study, three sets of digital elevation data extracted from satellite images in an urban area of...
Waterbird community composition, abundance, and diversity along an urban gradient
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Riley Andrade, Heather L. Bateman, Janet Franklin, Daniel Allen Urban riparian corridors have the capacity to maintain high levels of bird abundance and biodiversity. How riparian corridors in cities are used by waterbirds has received relatively little focus in urban bird studies. The principal objective of our study was to determine how habitat and landscape elements affect waterbird biodiversity in an arid city. We surveyed 36 transects stratified across a gradient of urbanization and...
Biodiversity and functional diversity of Australian stormwater biofilter plant communities
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Brandon K. Winfrey, Belinda E. Hatt, Richard F. Ambrose Stormwater biofilters are an important part of the urban landscape in many Australian cities. Until recently, plant species have been selected primarily for their survivability and aesthetics. However, recent research has identified specific species that enhance biofilter functions such as pollutant removal and flood prevention (via infiltration). Prior to these findings, little attention was paid to developing planting plans that...
Predicting stream vulnerability to urbanization stress with Bayesian network models
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Kristen K. Weil, Christopher S. Cronan, Spencer R. Meyer, Robert J. Lilieholm, Thomas J. Danielson, Leonidas Tsomides, Dave Owen As human development and urbanization expand across the landscape, increasing numbers of streams are threatened with impairment from disturbance and stresses associated with land use changes. In this investigation, a Bayesian Network (BN) with an expert-informed model structure was developed to predict stream vulnerability to urbanization across a range of...
Dual use of agricultural land: Introducing ‘agrivoltaics’ in Phoenix Metropolitan Statistical Area, USA
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Debaleena Majumdar, Martin J. Pasqualetti This paper proposes ‘agrivoltaic’ system development within Phoenix Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) with the objective to generate clean energy in the agricultural lands using solar PV (Photovoltaics) systems thus reducing land commitment and also preserving the agricultural land in the process. Phoenix MSA comprises of two of the fastest growing counties in United States. The study finds that with half density panel distribution, private...
Not seeing the forest for the trees: Modeling exurban viewscapes with LiDAR
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Jelena Vukomanovic, Kunwar K. Singh, Anna Petrasova, John B. Vogler Viewscapes are the visible portions of a landscape that create a visual connection between a human observer and their 3-dimensional surroundings. However, most large area line-of-sight studies have modeled viewscapes using bare-earth digital elevation models, which exclude the 3-D elements of built and natural environments needed to comprehensively understand the scale, complexity and naturalness of an area. In this study...
Recognizing the ‘sparsely settled forest’: Multi-decade socioecological change dynamics and community exemplars
01. Februar 2018
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 170 Author(s): Derek B. Van Berkel, Bronwyn Rayfield, Sebastián Martinuzzi, Martin J. Lechowicz, Eric White, Kathleen P. Bell, Chris R. Colocousis, Kent F. Kovacs, Anita T. Morzillo, Darla K. Munroe, Benoit Parmentier, Volker C. Radeloff, Brian J. McGill Sparsely settled forests (SSF) are poorly studied, coupled natural and human systems involving rural communities in forest ecosystems that are neither largely uninhabited wildland nor forests on the edges of urban areas. We developed...

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