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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

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Spatial transition analysis: Spatially explicit and evidence-based targets for sustainable energy transition at the local and regional scale
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Dirk Oudes, Sven Stremke Climate change, depletion of fossil fuels, and economic concerns are among the main drivers of sustainable energy transition. Over the past decade, several regions with low population density have successfully transited towards renewable energy (for example Siena, Italy). In the Netherlands and other countries, more densely populated regions have drawn up ambitious targets for energy transition. Most of these transition targets lack empirical evidence with regard to...
Soundscape assessment of a monumental place: A methodology based on the perception of dominant sounds
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Germán Pérez-Martínez, Antonio J. Torija, Diego P. Ruiz Some monumental sites have unique soundscapes that deserve to be managed not only by their tourist and cultural value, but also for enhancing the visitors’ overall impression. These sites can include a multitude of sound sources within a variety of different locations with geometrically different spaces in size and shape, so that the soundscape assessment could be quite challenging. The hypothesis of this study is that regardless...
Can spatial planning really mitigate carbon dioxide emissions in urban areas? A case study in Taipei, Taiwan
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Szu-Hua Wang, Shu-Li Huang, Po-Ju Huang Spatial planning plays an increasingly significant role in climate change mitigation by providing energy efficient settlements and promoting the utilization of renewable energy resources. However, the effect of urban spatial planning on spatial pattern of carbon dioxide emissions in cities is rarely discussed. The relationships between the changes in urban zoning plans and carbon dioxide emissions of major economic sectors has yet to be investigated on...
Environmental influences on older adults’ transportation cycling experiences: A study using bike-along interviews
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Peter Clarys, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Ariane Ghekiere, Bas de Geus, Neville Owen, Benedicte Deforche Cycling for transport offers an opportunity to promote active and sustainable mobility among the growing population of older adults. However, only a few studies examined how environmental factors may promote cycling for transport among older adults. Purposeful convenience sampling was used to recruit 40 older adults in Flanders, Belgium. Researchers and...
The relationship between self-reported exposure to greenspace and human stress in Baltimore, MD
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Meghan Hazer, Margaret K. Formica, Susan Dieterlen, Christopher P. Morley Cross-sectional methods were utilized to investigate if greenspace (GS) exposure predicts stress, a known factor affecting health outcomes. Data included publicly accessible Community Statistical Area (CSA) level information and survey (mailed and online) results of residents in Baltimore, Maryland. The convenience sample was recruited in spring 2013 using random (by CSA) and snowball techniques. The survey included...
Assessing uncertainty and performance of ensemble conservation planning strategies
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Yu-Pin Lin, Wei-Chih Lin, Johnathen Anthony, Tzung-Su Ding, Jean-Baptiste Mihoub, Klaus Henle, Dirk S. Schmeller Systematic conservation initiatives attempt to cater to the needs of many species via the integration of multiple species distribution models (SDMs), or via the integration of Systematic Conservation Planning (SCP) software, such as Zonation. Unfortunately, due to limited data and knowledge, it is often difficult to select the most suitable model for specific species, let...
Scale-dependence of environmental and socioeconomic drivers of albizia invasion in Hawaii
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): R.M. Niemiec, G.P. Asner, P.G. Brodrick, J.A. Gaertner, N.M. Ardoin To reduce the spread and impacts of invasive species in human-dominated landscapes, numerous and diverse residents often need to engage in individual as well as collective invasive species control efforts on their property and in their community. Combating invasion thus requires an understanding of what socioeconomic factors, in addition to ecological factors, may slow an invasive species or facilitate its spread...
Quantifying the shade provision of street trees in urban landscape: A case study in Boston, USA, using Google Street View
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Xiaojiang Li, Carlo Ratti, Ian Seiferling Shade provision by street trees during the hot summer months is a primary factor for the thermal comfort of people in urban areas. In this study we present a novel method to estimate the shade provision of street trees in the downtown area of Boston, Massachusetts using a quantification of the sky view factor (SVF) from street-level imagery. The SVF is an indicator to quantify the level of enclosure of street canyons. It has been widely applied and...
Evaluating urban heat island in the critical local climate zones of an Indian city
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Rajashree Kotharkar, Anurag Bagade The rise in global temperature and rapid pace of urbanisation is fuelling the need to understand cities and its climate implication. Measuring urban heat island (UHI) have significant contribution in understanding this inter-relationship. This paper aims at measuring canopy layer heat island (CLHI) in a compact city of Nagpur, India using local climate zone (LCZ) classification. It also accesses the inter-LCZ temperature difference within the city and...
How often are conservation developments managed for biodiversity protection? A case study in Colorado, USA
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Cooper M. Farr, Sarah E. Reed, Liba Pejchar Conservation Development (CD) is a strategy for conserving private lands with the potential to protect biodiversity while meeting growing demands for housing. Although CD is increasingly common, little is known about how CDs are implemented, and whether developers and homeowners follow best practices and achieve conservation objectives. We formally assessed the presence and content of management plans and conservation easements for CD subdivisions...
Community-driven skyrise greenery in a dense tropical city provides biodiversity and ecosystem service benefits
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Rachel R.Y. Oh, Daniel R. Richards, Alex T.K. Yee Community-driven vertical greenery provides a previously under-appreciated resource that could be an important component of tropical urban ecology. While the corridors of buildings have been designed to facilitate the circulation of residents between spaces, this study shows that such corridors incidentally served as an informal space for community-driven vertical greenery. Across 1.86ha of surveyed corridors, a total of 265 plant species and...
What makes new housing development unsuitable for house sparrows (Passer domesticus)?
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Lucie Moudrá, Petr Zasadil, Vítězslav Moudrý, Miroslav Šálek As a species closely associated with people and urban areas, the house sparrow (Passer domesticus) was expected to prosper with increased urbanization. Over the past few decades, however, house sparrow populations have decreased in many towns and cities around the world. The most commonly mentioned reasons for these decreases are lack of food, especially invertebrates, and fewer nesting sites and shelters. Given the need to...
Dissecting perceptions of wind energy projects: A laboratory experiment using high-quality audio-visual simulations to analyze experiential versus acceptability ratings and information effects
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): R.G. Ribe, M. Manyoky, U. Wissen Hayek, R. Pieren, K. Heutschi, A. Grêt-Regamey A systematic and controlled laboratory study was conducted because non-experimental studies of wind energy perceptions have produced diverse findings in disparate settings. Ninety Swiss respondents experienced carefully constructed, calibrated and projected audio-visual simulations in a laboratory setting of two wind park sizes in each of three different settings in Switzerland. They rated each for...
Using unmanned aerial systems (UAS) for remotely sensing physical disorder in neighborhoods
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Tony H. Grubesic, Danielle Wallace, Alyssa W. Chamberlain, Jake R. Nelson Place and local milieu have always been important considerations in the study of human behavior. However, place is typically measured with secondary data in aggregate form, obfuscating crucial, hyper-local information on neighborhood ecological conditions contributing to larger social, criminological, and public health processes. Hyper-local information, which is rarely available via traditional neighborhood audits...
Providing information to respondents in complex choice studies: A survey on recreational trail preferences in an urban nature park
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Ivan Sever, Miroslav Verbič This paper examined the recreational trail preferences of visitors in the Medvednica Nature Park, a protected forest area on the outskirts of the City of Zagreb, the capital of Croatia. A discrete choice experiment (DCE) was conducted to get the insight into relative importance of different resource, social and managerial conditions in the park. Accounting for multiple site conditions requires a relatively large number of choice attributes, which may impose too...
Scale-dependent effects of landscape composition and configuration on deer-vehicle collisions and their relevance to mitigation and planning options
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Stein Joar Hegland, Liv Norunn Hamre Deer-vehicle collisions (DVCs) cause animal suffering, traffic safety problems and socioeconomic costs and must be assessed in landscape planning and road management. We investigated whether landscape composition and configuration across spatial scales could predict DVCs and be used for mitigation actions and planning processes. We used data on DVCs between vehicles and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Western Norway. We mapped DVCs and quantified open land...
Places of urban disorder? Exposing the hidden nature and values of an English private urban allotment landscape
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Alister Scott, Andrew Dean, Veronica Barry, Richard Kotter Increasing urbanisation is placing significant development pressure upon our urban spaces and green infrastructure. Allotments have strong cultural roots in the urban domain with emerging evidence of multiple health and quality of life benefits associated with their existence, use and management. However, they represent a remnant landscape; out of order and unproductive according to conventional economic and market assessments of...
Species-specific movement traits and specialization determine the spatial responses of small mammals towards roads
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Clara Grilo, Guillem Molina-Vacas, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Juan Rodriguez-Ruiz, Victor Ramiro, Flávia Porto-Peter, Fernando Ascensão, Jacinto Román, Eloy Revilla The barrier effect is a pervasive impact of road networks. For many small mammals individual avoidance responses can be the mechanism behind the barrier effect. However, little attention has been paid to which species and road characteristics modulate road avoidance and mortality risk. We measured the strength of...
Disamenity to amenity: Spatial and temporal patterns of social response to river restoration progress
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Eileen S. Johnson, Kathleen P. Bell, Jessica E. Leahy Our research explored the social dimension of river restoration by examining amenity development as a social response within two watersheds at different biophysical restoration states in Maine, USA. Our research provided the first systematic examination of progress in achieving federal- and state-regulated water quality improvements at an individual river segment level. Using spatial analysis, we documented spatiotemporal patterns of...
Factors affecting presence of vervet monkey troops in a suburban matrix in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
01. Januar 2018
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 169 Author(s): Lindsay Patterson, Riddhika Kalle, Colleen Downs Globally with increased urban development, understanding spatial habitat requirements of urban-dwelling wildlife is increasingly important for conservation management. Consequently, we determined the factors that influence the presence of vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) in urban landscapes. Firstly, we hypothesized that troop size is influenced by seasonality, residence type, proximity to water sources and food provisioning. Secondly...

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