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Recent Scientific Papers


Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Introduced Grey Squirrels subvert supplementary feeding of suburban wild birds
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Hugh J. Hanmer, Rebecca L. Thomas, Mark D.E. Fellowes Providing food for wild birds is perhaps the most widespread intentional interaction between people and wildlife. In the UK, almost half of households feed wild birds, often as peanuts and seed supplied in hanging feeders. Such food is also taken by the introduced, invasive Grey Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis. Little is known of how Grey Squirrels utilise this resource and how they affect feeder use by wild birds. To assess this we...
Phosphorus dynamics influenced by anthropogenic calcium in an urban stream flowing along an increasing urbanization gradient
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Pengbao Wu, Aijing Yin, Manman Fan, Jingtao Wu, Xiaohui Yang, Huan Zhang, Chao Gao Calcium (Ca) concentrations are commonly elevated in urban soils and sediments mainly due to the degradation of artificial Ca-rich materials. However, the influence of anthropogenic Ca on pollutant behaviour remains largely unknown. In this study, we aim to contribute to a better understanding of the accumulation of anthropogenic Ca and its mechanism for regulating the phosphorus (P) behaviour in the...
GIS-derived measures of the built environment determinants of mental health and activity participation in childhood and adolescence: A systematic review
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Emma Charlott Andersson Nordbø, Helena Nordh, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas, Geir Aamodt Studies increasingly use geographic information systems (GISs) to assess the impact of built environments on health in childhood. The extensive range of GIS measures and operational definitions of the built environment determinants, as well as definitions of the geographic areas of exposure, entail methodological challenges that need to be addressed. We aimed to identify, systematize and evaluate (1...
Composition and functional genes analysis of bacterial communities from urban parks of Shanghai, China and their role in ecosystem functionality
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Xin Wang, Jiang Wu, Deepika Kumari Urban park soil plays a vital part in urban ecosystems, which harbor a considerable microbial diversity. Those microbes regulate soil fertility, plant health, and biogeochemical cycling. The existing studies have hardly focused on microbial diversity from urban parks, especially from China. As Shanghai, the largest city of China has experienced extensive urbanization, the present study focused on bacterial community compositions and their functional genes...
Using public participatory mapping to inform general land use planning and zoning
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Greg Brown, Sara Sanders, Pat Reed Zoning is a ubiquitous land use planning and regulatory mechanism whose purpose is to provide for orderly community growth and development by segregating land uses that are deemed incompatible. The delineation of zones and related land use ordinances are traditional components of an expert-driven, local government process that produces a general or comprehensive land use plan as required by law. Public participation in the development of general land use...
The effect of site- and landscape-scale factors on lead contamination of leafy vegetables grown in urban gardens
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Chan Yong Sung, Cheon-Bo Park Urban environments are exposed to various toxic substances that may contaminate agricultural products grown in urban areas. We examined the site- and landscape-scale factors that affected the lead (Pb) contents of leafy vegetables grown in urban gardens. We measured the Pb contents of 84 leafy vegetables from eight different species collected near industrial complexes in the city of Daejeon, Korea, and found that 25% of the sampled vegetables exceeded the Korean...
Delineating multi-scenario urban growth boundaries with a CA-based FLUS model and morphological method
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Xun Liang, Xiaoping Liu, Xia Li, Yimin Chen, He Tian, Yao Yao Urban growth boundaries (UGBs) have been commonly regarded as a useful tool for controlling urban sprawl. There is a need to create models that can establish plausible UGBs for fast growing regions. Previous methods have merely focused on establishing a single UGB scenario over different time intervals, but rarely considered the influences of macro policy (e.g., future urban demand) and spatial policy (e.g., master plan...
The potential for integrated landscape management to fulfil Europe’s commitments to the Sustainable Development Goals
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Carsten Mann, Maria Garcia-Martin, Christopher M. Raymond, Brian J. Shaw, Tobias Plieninger The aim of this perspective essay is to discuss how integrated landscape management (ILM) can contribute to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) agenda in Europe. Challenges for sustainable development become evident in the emergence of land-use conflicts. Facing multiple, and in sometimes conflicting, land-use objectives and policies, we elaborate on the potential of ILM...
Bicycle, pedestrian, and mixed-mode trail traffic: A performance assessment of demand models
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Alireza Ermagun, Greg Lindsey, Tracy Hadden Loh This study presents new trail demand models based on data collected between January 1, 2014 and February 16, 2016 at 32 locations in the seven major climatic regions in the continental U.S. We contribute fourfold to the literature on analysis of trail traffic demand. First, we develop a set of econometric models to predict average daily pedestrians (ADP), average daily bicyclists (ADB), and average daily mixed-mode traffic (ADM) using the 5...
Predicting the seasonal dynamics of bird communities along an urban-rural gradient using NDVI
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Lucas M. Leveau, Federico I. Isla, María I. Bellocq The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) is a strong and widely used proxy for bird species richness in urban environments. However, its potential to predict composition and seasonal dynamics of bird communities in urban areas remains unexplored. Our main objective was to analyze the power of NDVI to predict the seasonal dynamics of bird communities along urbanization gradients. Birds were surveyed in the breeding and...
Analyzing horizontal and vertical urban expansions in three East Asian megacities with the SS-coMCRF model
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Weixing Zhang, Weidong Li, Chuanrong Zhang, Dean M. Hanink, Yueyan Liu, Ruiting Zhai A recently proposed method based on the spectral similarity-enhanced Markov chain random field cosimulation (SS-coMCRF) model has provided a practical approach for estimating both horizontal and vertical urban expansion of megacities using Landsat images. Estimating vertical urban growth – the area change of mid-rise or taller buildings (MTBs) – makes it possible to gain some new insights into...
Aesthetic appreciation of the cultural landscape through social media: An analysis of revealed preference in the Dutch river landscape
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Koen F. Tieskens, Boris T. Van Zanten, Catharina J.E. Schulp, Peter H. Verburg Aesthetic enjoyment and perception are increasingly recognized as important values of cultural landscapes. The study of these values transcends mere physical attributes of the landscape and requires assessment of its social meaning. In recent years the usage of social media has gained momentum to study the aesthetic preferences and perception of the environment. However, until now the different approaches have...
Novel ecosystems: A bridging concept for the consilience of cultural landscape conservation and ecological restoration
01. September 2018
Publication date: September 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 177 Author(s): Eric Macdonald, Elizabeth G. King We evaluate the historical, philosophical, and practical relationships between two fields of theory and practice: cultural landscape conservation and ecological restoration. Each field has distinct intellectual and disciplinary roots, bodies of theory, norms of practice, institutions, and modes of professional discourse. Yet both aim to understand and wisely steward environments for the benefit of humans and non-human nature, and both grapple with similar...
Editorial Board
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176
Towards an operational methodology to optimize ecosystem services provided by urban soils
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Blanchart Anne, Séré Geoffroy, Johan Cherel, Gilles Warot, Stas Marie, Consalès Jean Noël, Morel Jean Louis, Schwartz Christophe Urban soils need to be taken into account by city managers to tackle the major urban environmental issues. As other soils in forest or agricultural environments, urban soils provide a wide range of ecosystem services. However, their contribution remains poorly assessed up to now, and as a result there is a strong lack of consideration by urban planning...
Natural capital and the poor in England: Towards an environmental justice analysis of ecosystem services in a high income country
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Karen Mullin, Gordon Mitchell, N. Rizwan Nawaz, Ruth D. Waters Poorer communities tend to be located within lower quality natural environments, experiencing greater environmental burdens and fewer environmental amenities. To date, analysis of environmental inequalities has focussed on pollution, with less attention given to natural environment benefits that support human wellbeing. Here, the ecosystem service concept which identifies these benefits, and the natural capital (NC) which...
Urban hot-tubs: Local urbanization has profound effects on average and extreme temperatures in ponds
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Kristien I. Brans, Jessie M.T. Engelen, Caroline Souffreau, Luc De Meester While urbanization-driven warming (urban heat island effect, UHI) has been extensively studied and demonstrated for air temperature, UHI effects on water temperature of ponds are unknown. We investigated (1) whether the UHI impacts man-made urban ponds and tested whether urban ponds have higher mean, maximum and minimum water temperatures and lower daily water temperature fluctuations than rural ponds, (2) whether...
Factors of spatial distribution of Korean village groves and relevance to landscape conservation
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): GoWoon Kim, Wanmo Kang, Chan Ryul Park, Dowon Lee Our study aims to understand the spatial context of community-based landscape systems for conservation planning. To this end, the present study analyzes the factors affecting spatial distribution of Korea’s traditional village groves, which form a distinctive component of Korea’s traditional community-based landscape. Using maximum entropy (MaxEnt) modeling, we identified four strongest contributory factors that affect the current...
Comparing multi-criteria evaluation and participatory mapping to projecting land use
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Beni Rohrbach, Patrick Laube, Robert Weibel Projections pertaining to future land use and land use change may have diverse backgrounds. Often, both local and scientific knowledge encompass important pieces of information for such a projection. Acknowledging the diversity across the two types of knowledge, we investigated their differences and similarities in a twofold case study, conducting a participatory mapping (PM) exercise with local wine growers, as well as a Multi Criteria Evaluation...
Assessing how spatial variations of land use pattern affect water quality across a typical urbanized watershed in Beijing, China
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Jin Liu, Zhenyao Shen, Lei Chen Understanding the relationship between land use patterns and water quality in urbanized areas can provide insight into urban water quality management. In this study, a self-organizing map (SOM) and a linear mixed effects (LME) model were applied to explore the spatiotemporal patterns of nutrients and their relationship with land use characteristics in the highly urbanized Beiyun River watershed. The SOM classified 324 sampling data from 2014 to 2015 at 25...