Menü
Deutsch | English

Neue wissenschaftliche Aufsätze


Ecological Indicators 

Integrating Sciences for Monitoring, Assessment and Management

ScienceDirect Publication: Ecological Indicators
ScienceDirect RSS
Psidium guajava Paluma responses to environmental conditions and ozone concentrations in the urban forest of São Paulo, SE-Brazil
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): J.M. Pina, S.R. Souza, S.T. Meirelles, R.M. Moraes Tropospheric ozone concentrations (O3) are continuously increasing with harmful effects on vegetation. Ozone uptake triggers oxidative stress that may promote adverse changes in various plant physiological processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between meteorological conditions and O3 exposure in foliar injuries, gas exchanges and antioxidant enzyme activity in Psidium guajava Paluma. Saplings of Paluma were exposed in a...
Anthropogenically driven habitat formation by a tube dwelling diatom on the Northern Patagonian Atlantic coast
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): A. Fricke, T.C. Kihara, G.A. Kopprio, M. Hoppenrath The tube dwelling diatom Berkeleya rutilans (Trentepohl) Grunow plays a key role as early colonizer and bloom former in coastal zones. Exuding large quantities of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), it can form dense colonies in mucilaginous macroscopic branches, containing thousands of cells. Due to their pronounced three dimensional growths of its mucilaginous structures, it supports a variety of organisms and traps grains and detritus...
Evaluating zooplankton indicators using signal detection theory
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Susanna Jernberg, Maiju Lehtiniemi, Laura Uusitalo Indicators are used to help managers to conserve biodiversity and guarantee the sustainable use of marine resources. Good indicators are scientifically valid, ecologically relevant, respond to pressures, and it is possible to set target levels for them. Zooplankton is an important link in the food web as it transfers energy from primary producers (phytoplankton) to planktivorous fish, including the commercially important herring in the Baltic Sea...
Assessing indirect measures of abundance and distribution with remote cameras: Simplifying indices of activity at pygmy rabbit burrows
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Kristen S. Ellis, Randy T. Larsen, Jericho C. Whiting, Tammy L. Wilson, Brock R. McMillan Estimating abundance or distribution of species that are scarce or difficult to detect is challenging for wildlife biologists. Pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis) are secretive, sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) obligates of conservation concern that occupy the Intermountain West, USA. These unique leporids are difficult to monitor; however using remote cameras in conjunction with ranking of burrow activity may...
Quantifying street tree regulating ecosystem services using Google Street View
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Daniel R. Richards, Peter J. Edwards The urban heat island is a particular challenge for tropical cities, which receive year-round high inputs of solar radiation. Plants can help mitigate elevated urban temperatures by providing shade and increasing evaporative cooling, although the resulting increase in humidity may negatively affect thermal comfort. Street trees offer particular potential for cooling urban microclimates, as well as providing other ecosystem services, because they can be integrated...
An approach to analysis of functional redundancy in protozoan communities for bioassessment in marine ecosystems
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Guangjian Xu, Henglong Xu It is necessary to detect how much ecological redundancy or response units (RUs) exist in communities for reducing the “signal-to-noise” ratios of the observed full species data in community-based ecological research and monitoring programs. To reveal the functional redundancy in ciliated protozoan communities in marine ecosystems for both ecological research and monitoring programs, a multivariate approach (peeling procedure) was used to identify the response units to the...
Economic values and dominant providers of key ecosystem services of wetlands in Beijing, China
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Biao Zhang, Yun-ting Shi, Jun-hui Liu, Jie Xu, Gao-di Xie This study estimates the economic values of and the dominant contributors to five key ecosystem services of wetlands in Beijing, by using the wetland inventory data in 2014 and economic valuation methods. Results indicate that the 51,434ha of wetlands in Beijing annually provide 2.07 billion m3 of flood regulation, 944.01 million m3 of water provision, 42,154 tons of chemical oxygen demand (COD) purification, 3.03 PJ of heat absorption, and...
The biochemical response of two commercial bivalve species to exposure to strong salinity changes illustrated by selected biomarkers
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): A.M.M. Gonçalves, D.V. Barroso, T.L. Serafim, T. Verdelhos, J.C. Marques, F. Gonçalves Salinity is a major controlling factor in estuarine systems whose fast change, namely during the occurrence of extreme climatic events, causes drastic alterations on aquatic communities by promoting a physiologically stressful environment. The response of fatty acid (FA) and antioxidant enzymes’ activity (Glutathione S-transferase (GST) and Superoxide dismutase (SOD)) of Cerastoderma edule and Scrobicularia...
Food-web indicators accounting for species interactions respond to multiple pressures
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Maria A. Torres, Michele Casini, Magnus Huss, Saskia A. Otto, Martina Kadin, Anna Gårdmark Food-web indicators for marine management are required to describe the functioning and structure of marine food-webs. In Europe, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), intended to lead to a ‘good environmental status’ of the marine waters, requires indicators of the status of the marine environment that also respond to manageable anthropogenic pressures. Identifying such relationships to...
Evaluating outcomes in planning: Indicators and reference values for Swiss landscapes
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): A.M. Hersperger, G. Mueller, M. Knöpfel, F. Kienast Evaluation of achievement of set targets is a necessary step in landscape planning in order to learn from the past, reassess implemented measures and enhance trust in public managers and institutions. Though it is commonly accepted that indicators play a major role in such evaluations, so far no accepted framework for evaluating planning outcomes exists. Furthermore, the selection of appropriate indicators and reference values to effectively assess...
Exploring city-wide patterns of cultural ecosystem service perceptions and use
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Emily Rall, Claudia Bieling, Sharon Zytynska, Dagmar Haase The dearth of socio-perceptual information on urban green spaces is not only limiting for ecosystem service research, but also for effective planning and management of these spaces. Previous studies have assessed perceived CES at single urban parks or across wider spans in rural areas but citywide coverage is missing. This paper explores perceptions of cultural ecosystem services (CES) and various uses of urban green spaces in the case study...
An assessment of social vulnerability to climate change among the districts of Arunachal Pradesh, India
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Sanjit Maiti, Sujeet Kumar Jha, Sanchita Garai, Arindam Nag, A.K. Bera, Vijay Paul, R.C. Upadhaya, S.M. Deb The present study highlighted the state of climate change induced social vulnerability of the districts of Arunachal Pradesh. For the purpose of assessment of one of the most fragile ecosystems of the eastern Himalaya, the ‘Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Approach’ and IPCC’s definition of vulnerability were utilized. The assessment was based on various secondary data, like...
Integrating marine ecosystem conservation and ecosystems services economic valuation: Implications for coastal zones governance
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Ana Margarida Ferreira, João Carlos Marques, Sónia Seixas This paper presents a preliminary attempt to estimate the awareness and value that society gives to the maintenance and protection of marine protected areas, linking the ecological and economic value scale assigned to the study. To accomplish this, we took as illustrative example the Biophysical Interest Zone of Avencas (ZIBA), in Portugal. The ZIBA spans over one ha and its coastal ecosystems present a very rich biodiversity, providing...
Error index for additional sampling to map soil contaminant grades
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Bingbo Gao, Yu Liu, Yuchun Pan, YunBing Gao, Ziyue Chen, Xiaolan Li, Yanbing Zhou Soil contaminant grades classified by thresholds of concentrations are important for land use and management. Mapping of the soil contaminant grades only focuses on the precise prediction of the relationship between the contaminant concentration of each spatial units and a predefined threshold. Thus, unlike sampling for other purposes, additional sampling should add more sites in areas with a high possibility of...
Stocks and flows of natural capital: Implications for Ecological Footprint
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Maria Serena Mancini, Alessandro Galli, Valentina Niccolucci, David Lin, Laurel Hanscom, Mathis Wackernagel, Simone Bastianoni, Nadia Marchettini Over the past decade, Ecological Footprint has become one of the most popular and widespread indicators for sustainability assessment and resource management. However, its popularity has been coupled, especially in recent years, by the emergence of critical views on the indicator’s rationale, methodology and policy usefulness. Most of these...
Assessing soil organic carbon stocks under current and potential forest cover using digital soil mapping and spatial generalisation
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Sam Ottoy, Bruno De Vos, Anicet Sindayihebura, Martin Hermy, Jos Van Orshoven Forest soils are important components in the global C-cycle. Regional soil organic carbon (SOC) stock assessments are hampered by low spatial densities of routine soil inventories. In this study, we estimated the SOC stock in the upper meter of forest in the region of Flanders (N. Belgium) using four digital soil mapping techniques, i.e. multiple linear regression (MLR), boosted regression trees (BRT), artificial neural...
A multi-criteria, ecosystem-service value method used to assess catchment suitability for potential wetland reconstruction in Denmark
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Mette Vestergaard Odgaard, Katrine Grace Turner, Peder K. Bøcher, Jens-Christian Svenning, Tommy Dalgaard Wetlands provide a range of ecosystem services such as drought resistance, flood resistance, nutrient deposition, biodiversity, etc. This study presents a new multi-criteria, ecosystems service value-driven method to drive the optimal placement of restored wetlands in terms of maximizing selected ecosystem services which a wetland can provide or affect. We aim to answer two questions: 1) which...
Ecological footprint and real income: Panel data evidence from the 27 highest emitting countries
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Gazi Ashir Uddin, Mohammad Salahuddin, Khorshed Alam, Jeff Gow This study examines the effects of real income, financial development and trade openness on the ecological footprint (EF) of consumption using a panel data of leading world EF contributors during the period 1991–2012. A number of panel unit root tests confirm that the data are first-difference stationary. Results from Pedroni co-integration tests show that the variables are co-integrated. The panel dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS...
Geographical information system-based forest fire risk assessment integrating national forest inventory data and analysis of its spatiotemporal variability
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Weibin You, Li Lin, Liyun Wu, Zhirong Ji, Jian’an Yu, Jianqin Zhu, Yunjian Fan, Dongjin He Improvements in forest fire risk estimation and mapping fire risk zones are vital to reduce the negative impacts of fire and to facilitate planning for the protection of forested areas. This is especially important for places with little previous data on fire history. This paper presents an improved conceptual scheme for the assessment and mapping of fire risk using a Forest Resource Inventory...
Examining the relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment using a coupling analysis: Case study of Shanghai, China
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Ecological Indicators, Volume 77 Author(s): Jinqiang He, Shaojian Wang, Yanyan Liu, Haitao Ma, Qianqian Liu As a key issue in China’s urban development, urbanization creates increasing pressure on the environment. Thus, a better understanding of the relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment is necessary for Chinese policy makers to realize sustainable urbanization development. Making reference to physical coupling models, we developed a coupling coordination degree model in order to examine the relationship between...

IALE-D Jahrestagung


Offizielles IALE-D Journal

Zu Landscape Online

Tagungs-Tweet


Informationsplattform

Zu openLandscapes

Mitgliedschaft bei IALE-D

Werden Sie jetzt Mitglied bei IALE-D