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Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
Adaptation in fire-prone landscapes: interactions of policies, management, wildfire, and social networks in Oregon, USA
19. April 2018 Spies, T. A., Scheller, R. M., Bolte, J. P. Guest Editorial
This editorial introduces the special feature on the social-ecological system of a fire-prone forest landscape in Oregon, USA. Research into social-ecological systems of fire-frequent landscapes is in its infancy and this special feature highlights one of the first attempts to understand a fire-dependent forest landscape from this perspective. An agent-based landscape modeling framework, Envision, was the primary tool for the research. The papers in this special feature examine three major questions: (1) What is the landscape structure of forest conditions, fire regimes, ownerships...
Escaping social-ecological traps through tribal stewardship on national forest lands in the Pacific Northwest, United States of America
17. April 2018 Long, J. W., Lake, F. K. Synthesis
Tribal communities in the Pacific Northwest of the United States of America (USA) have long-standing relationships to ancestral lands now managed by federal land management agencies. In recent decades, federal and state governments have increasingly recognized tribal rights to resources on public lands and to participate in their management. In support of a new planning initiative to promote sustainable land management, we reviewed scientific publications to examine relationships between tribal social-ecological systems and public lands in the region. We identified key ecocultural...
Combining participatory scenario planning and systems modeling to identify drivers of future sustainability on the Mongolian Plateau
17. April 2018 Allington, G. R. H., Fernandez-Gimenez, M. E., Chen, J., Brown, D. G. Insight
The study of social-ecological systems (SES) is an inherently interdisciplinary endeavor that necessitates collaboration among multiple researchers and stakeholders. These collaborations often result in novel insights into the dynamics and feedbacks that occur within these systems. Achieving these insights requires methods and tools that integrate diverse knowledge from multiple disciplines and sectors of society to inform actionable research on complex systems. Past research has demonstrated the contributions that stakeholders can make to defining scenarios that are subsequently applied...
Institutionalization of REDD+ MRV in Indonesia, Peru, and Tanzania: progress and implications
17. April 2018 Ochieng, R. M., Arts, B., Brockhaus, M., Visseren-Hamakers, I. J. Research
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+) has opened up a new global discussion on forest monitoring and carbon accounting in developing countries. We analyze and compare the extent to which the concept of measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) for REDD+ has become institutionalized in terms of new policy discourses, actors, resources, and rules in Indonesia, Peru, and Tanzania. To do so, we draw on discursive institutionalism and the policy arrangement approach. A qualitative scale that distinguishes between “shallow”...
Challenges for REDD+ in Indonesia: a case study of three project sites
17. April 2018 Enrici, A. M., Hubacek, K. Research
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) is a global initiative aimed at curbing carbon emissions from forest cover change. Indonesia, one of the most biodiverse places on the planet with the third largest extent of tropical forest, has been extensively involved in REDD+. Despite commitments from the government of Indonesia and the international community, the deforestation rate has not stabilized or decreased in the years since REDD+’s introduction in 2007. As of 2012, it was arguably the highest in the world. Although there is an extensive body of...
Developing a shared understanding of the Upper Mississippi River: the foundation of an ecological resilience assessment
17. April 2018 Bouska, K. L., Houser, J. N., De Jager, N. R., Hendrickson, J. Research
The Upper Mississippi River System (UMRS) is a large and complex floodplain river ecosystem that spans the jurisdictions of multiple state and federal agencies. In support of ongoing ecosystem restoration and management by this broad partnership, we are undertaking a resilience assessment of the UMRS. We describe the UMRS in the context of an ecological resilience assessment. Our description articulates the temporal and spatial extent of our assessment of the UMRS, the relevant historical context, the valued services provided by the system, and the fundamental controlling variables that...
Agroecological transitions: What can sustainability transition frameworks teach us? An ontological and empirical analysis
17. April 2018 Ollivier, G., Magda, D., Maz?, A., Plumecocq, G., Lamine, C. Synthesis
Transitioning toward more sustainable agricultural development paths requires extensive change and not simply marginal technical adjustments, as suggested by a strong conception of agroecology. To deal with transition, we believe that agroecology can be enriched by a deep analysis of sustainability transition frameworks and, conversely, that preexisting theories can be questioned in light of the specificities of agroecological transitions (AET). We first examine some of the main sustainability transition frameworks (resilience of social-ecological systems, institutional analysis and...
To log or not to log: local perceptions of timber management and its implications for well-being within a sustainable-use protected area
17. April 2018 Cooper, N. A., Kainer, K. A. Research
Our research explores local perspectives of a recent and controversial shift in conservation and development strategies in the Brazilian Amazon whereby legal timber commercialization is being pioneered in select extractive reserves, which are a type of comanaged sustainable-use protected area. To understand how this initiative might affect well-being, we documented perceptions of reserve residents about a legal logging project and factors that influenced their decision to participate or not participate. Semistructured interviews (N = 64) were conducted with both male and female heads of...
The practice and promise of private land conservation
17. April 2018 Drescher, M., Brenner, J. C. Guest Editorial
In many countries around the globe, private freehold lands cover large areas. Conservation on these private lands, next to statutory protected areas, promises to play a critical role in efforts for reaching internationally agreed environmental protection targets. Lying at the heart of an emerging land system science, in which ecology, economics, geography, psychology, and other social sciences interact, private land conservation is reflecting the intertwined and multiscalar processes of our rapidly transforming world. Situated at this disciplinary meeting point, private land conservation...
Participatory processes and support tools for planning in complex dynamic environments: a case study on web-GIS based participatory water resources planning in Almeria, Spain
17. April 2018 Van Cauwenbergh, N., Ballester Ciur?, A., Ahlers, R. Research
Democratization of water resources management through the involvement of stakeholders has been widely advocated over the past two decades. In light of mediocre results of such processes and severe criticism of the claimed benefits of stakeholder involvement, there is continued need for improving these processes and for supportive tools through which stakeholders can collaborate in decision making. In response to new European legal requirements, an innovative planning process was initiated to facilitate a productive dialog among stakeholders to develop a shared river basin management plan...
Connectors and coordinators in natural resource governance: insights from Swiss water supply
17. April 2018 Angst, M., Widmer, A., Fischer, M., Ingold, K. Research
Fragmentation across scales in natural resource governance can impede coordinated action and decrease innovation capacity. Bridging actors who connect others within governance networks helps to overcome this challenge. We analyze two bridging positions for actors in governance networks. First, periphery connectors integrate otherwise unconnected actors and provide access to new knowledge. Second, central coordinators efficiently connect actors at the center of the network and thus facilitate coordinated action. We propose a way to identify periphery connectors and central coordinators...
Drivers of illegal livelihoods in remote transboundary regions: the case of the Trans-Fly region of Papua New Guinea
Busilacchi, S., Butler, J. R. A., Rochester, W. A., Posu, J. Research
Remote transboundary regions in developing countries often contain abundant natural resources. Many of these resources are being overexploited to supply an ever-increasing demand from Asia, often via illegal cross-border trade. Understanding the systemic issues that drive households to engage in illegal activities in transboundary regions is a prerequisite for designing effective interventions and diverting livelihoods toward sustainable trajectories, but is rarely applied. This study analyzed the drivers of illegal trade in marine products, e.g. sea cucumber, shark fin, and fish bladders...
First stewards: ecological outcomes of forest and wildlife stewardship by indigenous peoples of Wisconsin, USA
Waller, D. M., Reo, N. J. Research
Indigenous peoples manage forestlands and wildlife differently than public and private forestland managers. To evaluate ecological outcomes from these differences, we compared the structure, composition, and diversity of Ojibwe and Menominee tribal forests to nearby nontribal forestlands in northern Wisconsin. These indigenous peoples seek to manage forests for mature conditions, accommodate wolves and other predators, and hunt deer to sustain traditional livelihood values. Their forests are often more mature with higher tree volume, higher rates of tree regeneration, more plant diversity...
Democratizing conservation science and practice
Salomon, A. K., Lertzman, K., Brown, K., Wilson, &., Secord, D., McKechnie, I. Guest Editorial
Well-being and conservation: diversity and change in visions of a good life among the Maasai of northern Tanzania
Woodhouse, E., McCabe, J. Research
The Simanjiro plains, east of Tarangire National Park in Northern Tanzania are a key dispersal area for wildlife, and are of vital importance to Maasai pastoral livelihoods, which are rapidly diversifying. Diversification is coupled with fragmentation of the rangelands as agriculture expands and multiple actors compete for land. These changes reflect transformations occurring across pastoral rangelands, and pose the broader challenge of reconciling conservation and development objectives. We propose that qualitative research using a three-dimensional human well-being framework...
Analyzing stakeholders’ workshop dialogue for evidence of social learning
Bentley Brymer, A. L., Wulfhorst, J. D., Brunson, M. W. Research
After much debate and synthesis, social learning scholarship is entering an era of empirical research. Given the range across individual-, network-, and systems-level perspectives and scales, clear documentation of social learning processes is critical for making claims about social learning outcomes and their impacts. Past studies have relied on participant recall and concept maps to document perceptions of social learning process and outcome. Using an individual-centric perspective and importing ideas from communication and psychology on question-answer learning through conversational...
Expanding the contribution of the social sciences to social-ecological resilience research
Stone-Jovicich, S., Goldstein, B. E., Brown, K., Plummer, R., Olsson, P. Guest Editorial
Evolving conceptions of the role of large dams in social-ecological resilience
Hammersley, M. A., Scott, C., Gimblett, R. Insight
Rivers and riparian ecosystems have historically provided a range of beneficial goods and services to human societies. However, floodplains have also posed risks to the humans that came to rely upon them. Although riparian areas are among the most resource-rich and biodiverse ecosystems, they are also some of the most disturbed by human activity. Today, social and economic needs for water diverted off-stream are often pitted against the flow of water needed to maintain crucial instream ecological functions. The construction of dams has been a widely implemented method to control rivers for...
Welcoming different perspectives in IPBES: “Nature’s contributions to people” and “Ecosystem services”
Peterson, G. D., Harm?čkov?, Z. V., Meacham, M., Queiroz, C., Jim?nez-Aceituno, A., Kuiper, J. J., Malmborg, K., Sitas, N., Bennett, E. M. Guest Editorial
Governance and the making and breaking of social-ecological traps
Baker, D. M., Murray, G., Agyare, A. Research
Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have areas of significant ecological importance that overlap with pressing development needs and high levels of natural resource dependence. This makes the design of effective natural resource governance and management systems both challenging and critical. In Ghana, this challenge is made more complex by the necessity of connecting formal, state-led systems of governance with Ghana’s informal governance systems through which customary authorities exert considerable control over land and resources. We present findings from two multimethod...

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