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Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
Interactions between payments for hydrologic services, landowner decisions, and ecohydrological consequences: synergies and disconnection in the cloud forest zone of central Veracruz, Mexico
26. Mai 2017 Asbjornsen, H., Manson, R. H., Scullion, J. J., Holwerda, F., Mu?oz-Villers, L. E., Alvarado-Barrientos, M., Geissert, D., Dawson, T. E., McDonnell, J. J., Bruijnzeel, L. Adrian Synthesis
Payments for Hydrologic Services (PHS) programs are increasingly used as a policy tool to provide incentives for upstream landowners to adopt land use activities that favor sustainable provision of high-quality water to downstream areas. However, the effectiveness of PHS programs in achieving their objectives and the potential for unintended (often undesirable) consequences remain poorly understood. We integrate results from ecohydrological and socioeconomic research to explore the impact of Mexico’s PHS program on the target hydrologic services and people’s decisions...
Public access to spatial data on private-land conservation
25. Mai 2017 Rissman, A. R., Owley, J., L'Roe, A. W., Morris, A. Wilson, Wardropper, C. B. Insight
Information is critical for environmental governance. The rise of digital mapping has the potential to advance private-land conservation by assisting with conservation planning, monitoring, evaluation, and accountability. However, privacy concerns from private landowners and the capacity of conservation entities can influence efforts to track spatial data. We examine public access to geospatial data on conserved private lands and the reasons data are available or unavailable. We conduct a qualitative comparative case study based on analysis of maps, documents, and interviews. We compare...
Restoring people and productivity to Puanui: challenges and opportunities in the restoration of an intensive rain-fed Hawaiian field system
23. Mai 2017 Marshall, K., Koseff, C., Roberts, A. L., Lindsey, A., Kagawa-Viviani, A. K., Lincoln, N. Kekuewa, Vitousek, P. M. Research
Prior to European contact, Hawaiian cultivators developed and sustained large rain-fed field systems based on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and other crops. However, these intensive systems largely were abandoned in the 19th century, and there is little knowledge of how they functioned. Since 2008, we have worked to restore people and production to one such rain-fed field system at Puanui in leeward Kohala on the Island of Hawai’i using traditional knowledge, local knowledge, and experiments to understand how such systems functioned and to provide an educational and cultural resource...
Adaptive capacity: from assessment to action in coastal social-ecological systems
18. Mai 2017 Whitney, C. K., Bennett, N. J., Ban, N. C., Allison, E. H., Armitage, D., Blythe, J. L., Burt, J. M., Cheung, W., Finkbeiner, E. M., Kaplan-Hallam, M., Perry, I., Turner, N. J., Yumagulova, L. Synthesis
Because of the complexity and speed of environmental, climatic, and socio-political change in coastal marine social-ecological systems, there is significant academic and applied interest in assessing and fostering the adaptive capacity of coastal communities. Adaptive capacity refers to the latent ability of a system to respond proactively and positively to stressors or opportunities. A variety of qualitative, quantitative, and participatory approaches have been developed and applied to understand and assess adaptive capacity, each with different benefits, drawbacks, insights, and...
Capturing the value of green space in urban parks in a sustainable urban planning and design context: pros and cons of hedonic pricing
18. Mai 2017 Engstr?m, G., Gren, A. Research
Sixty percent of the land that will be urban in 2030 has yet to be built. Contemporary urban development is unsustainable and focus is on building dense, often at the expense of urban green space (UGS), at the same time as our understanding of links between green spaces and human well-being, especially health, is increasing. There is a need to better understand and analyze human well-being qualities of UGS in a planning context. Our aim is to increase this understanding by analyzing the pros and cons of hedonic pricing in this context. Hedonic pricing is commonly used for analyzing...
Traditional ecological knowledge reveals the extent of sympatric lake trout diversity and habitat preferences
15. Mai 2017 Marin, K., Coon, A., Fraser, D. J. Research
Multidisciplinary approaches to conservation have become increasingly important in northern regions. Because many First Nations communities have relied on freshwater fish populations for essential food over millennia, community members often possess traditional ecological knowledge (TEK). We consulted Cree First Nation fishers to collate TEK for one of Canada's most important subsistence fishes (lake trout) in Québec’s largest lake (Mistassini, 2335 km2). We further integrated TEK with what was regionally known scientifically about the species, toward effective fisheries...
Participatory processes for public lands: Do provinces practice what they preach?
15. Mai 2017 Miller, L. F., Nadeau, S. Research
Here, we analyze the current spaces for public participation in Crown (public) land management through a comparative study that focuses on the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. We define spaces for public participation as opportunities for meaningful public involvement in the decision-making arena of forest management. We examine the experiences of public participation in these provinces in an exploratory study comparing perceptions of participatory processes and outcomes of the processes in these two provinces based on 15 years (1999–2014) of informant experience...
Designing a solution to enable agency-academic scientific collaboration for disasters
12. Mai 2017 Mease, L. A., Gibbs-Plessl, T., Erickson, A. L., Ludwig, K. A., Reddy, C. M., Lubchenco, J. Synthesis
As large-scale environmental disasters become increasingly frequent and more severe globally, people and organizations that prepare for and respond to these crises need efficient and effective ways to integrate sound science into their decision making. Experience has shown that integrating nongovernmental scientific expertise into disaster decision making can improve the quality of the response, and is most effective if the integration occurs before, during, and after a crisis, not just during a crisis. However, collaboration between academic, government, and industry scientists, decision...
The imaginary worlds of sustainability: observations from an interactive art installation
11. Mai 2017 Bendor, R., Maggs, D., Peake, R., Robinson, J., Williams, S. Research
We report on preliminary results from a public engagement project based on a procedural approach to sustainability. The project centered on an interactive art installation that comprised a live actor, an immersive soundscape featuring a handful of different characters, an interactive touch-table, and four interactive rooms within which participants wandered, partially guided by a narrative through-line, yet at the same time left to make sense of any larger meanings on their own. The installation was designed to experiment with two propositions: (1) that there is value in public engagement...
Landscape and biodiversity as new resources for agro-ecology? Insights from farmers’ perspectives
02. Mai 2017 Salliou, N., Barnaud, C. Research
Pesticide reduction is a key current challenge. Scientific findings in landscape ecology suggest that complex landscapes favor insect pest biological control by conservation of natural enemy habitats. A potential agro-ecological innovation is to conserve or engineer such complex landscapes to reduce pesticide use. However, whereas the relevant resources are often well known in most natural resource management situations, potential resources involved in this innovation (natural enemies and the landscape) are not necessarily considered as resources in the eyes of their potential users. From...
Understanding the decline and resilience loss of a long-lived social-ecological system: insights from system dynamics
02. Mai 2017 Tenza, A., P?rez, I., Mart?nez-Fern?ndez, J., Gim?nez, A. Research
Collapse of social-ecological systems (SESs) is a common process in human history. Depletion of natural resources, scarcity of human capital, or both, is/are common pathways toward collapse. We use the system dynamics approach to better understand specific problems of small-scale, long-lived SESs. We present a qualitative (or conceptual) model using the conceptualization process of the system dynamics approach to study the dynamics of an oasis in Mexico that has witnessed a dramatic transition to decline in recent decades. We used indepth interviews, participant observation, expert...
Factors influencing successful collaboration for freshwater management in Aotearoa, New Zealand
02. Mai 2017 Cradock-Henry, N. A., Greenhalgh, S., Brown, P., Sinner, J. Research
Public participation in freshwater management has been widely advocated as an effective way to resolve the tensions between contested values and objectives while maintaining ecological integrity. However, questions remain regarding which processes and factors contribute to successful processes and outcomes for freshwater. Using a comparative case-study methodology, we unravel the “noise of participation” to assess the factors that influence the success of participatory decision making in collaborative processes currently underway in Hawke’s Bay and Northland, Aotearoa...
A new direction for water management? Indigenous nation building as a strategy for river health
02. Mai 2017 Hemming, S., Rigney, D., Muller, S. L., Rigney, G., Campbell, I. Research
Indigenous involvement in Australian water management is conventionally driven by a top-down approach by nonIndigenous government agencies, that asks “how do we engage Indigenous people?” and has culminated in the ineffective “consult” and “service delivery” processes evident in mainstream water management planning. This is a hopeful paper that identifies the critical importance of a “nation-based” approach for effective Indigenous engagement in water planning and policy through the work undertaken by the Ngarrindjeri Regional Authority (NRA...
Save water or save wildlife? Water use and conservation in the central Sierran foothill oak woodlands of California, USA
28. April 2017 Huntsinger, L., Hruska, T. V., Oviedo, J. L., Shapero, M. W. K., Nader, G. A., Ingram, R. S., Beissinger, S. R. Research
More frequent drought is projected for California. As water supplies constrict, and urban growth and out-migration spread to rural areas, trade-offs in water use for agriculture, biodiversity conservation, fire hazard reduction, residential development, and quality of life will be exacerbated. The California Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis coturniculus), state listed as “Threatened,” depends on leaks from antiquated irrigation district irrigation systems for much of its remnant small wetland habitat in the north central Sierra Nevada foothills. Residents of the 1295 km²...
Identifying and categorizing cobenefits in state-supported Australian indigenous environmental management programs: international research implications
28. April 2017 Barber, M., Jackson, S. Synthesis
Significant natural resource management investment is flowing to bioculturally diverse areas occupied by indigenous and other socioeconomically and politically marginalized groups. Such investment focuses on environmental benefit but may also generate ancillary economic, social, and other cobenefits. Increased investor interest in such cobenefits is driving the emerging research literature on cobenefit identification, categorization, and assessment. For local people undertaking community-based natural resource management, this emerging cobenefit discourse creates opportunities for more...
“Everything revolves around the herring”: the Heiltsuk–herring relationship through time
26. April 2017 Gauvreau, A. M., Lepofsky, D., Rutherford, M., Reid, M. Research
Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) is foundational to many social-ecological systems of the North American coast. The indigenous people of Heiltsuk First Nation on the central coast of British Columbia, Canada have depended on this forage fish for food, social, ceremonial, and economic purposes for millennia. Our research documents social, ecological, and cultural aspects of Heiltsuk First Nation’s relationship with Pacific herring and how this relationship has changed over time. We describe and discuss (1) how Heiltsuk social institutions, local and traditional ecological knowledge...
Wood-based bioenergy in western Montana: the importance of understanding path dependence and local context for resilience
21. April 2017 Beeton, T. A., Galvin, K. A. Research
The use of biomass for wood-based bioenergy (WBB) has been argued as a mechanism to mitigate the impacts of climate change, reduce vulnerability to disturbance events such as fires, and to enhance rural socioeconomic development. Yet, WBB development is characterized by a multitude of feedstock sources, bioenergy pathways, scales, and end uses, the feasibility of which is contingent upon place-based and context-specific social and environmental factors. We present an exploratory case study that draws on key informant interviews among a cohort of diverse stakeholders in rural western...
The drama of resilience: learning, doing, and sharing for sustainability
21. April 2017 Brown, K., Eernstman, N., Huke, A. R., Reding, N. Research
We discuss the use of participatory drama and transformative theatre to understand the sources of risk and resilience with coastal communities. We analyze and describe two performances developed as part of a project exploring people’s resilience to extreme weather events and to coastal dynamics in the face of climate change. We examine the process of devising the performance, which used various elicitation techniques to examine what matters to people in times of change and how people are able to respond to changes now and in the future. We discuss how creative practices such as...
Locating financial incentives among diverse motivations for long-term private land conservation
21. April 2017 Selinske, M. J., Cooke, B., Torabi, N., Hardy, M. J., Knight, A. T., Bekessy, S. A. Research
A variety of policy instruments are used to promote the conservation of biodiversity on private land. These instruments are often employed in unison to encourage land stewardship beneficial for biodiversity across a broad range of program types, but questions remain about which instruments are the appropriate tools when seeking long-term change to land-management practice. Drawing on three case studies, two in Australia and one in South Africa, spanning various program types—a biodiverse carbon planting scheme, a covenanting program, and a voluntary stewardship program—we...
Corruption risks, management practices, and performance in water service delivery in Kenya and Ghana: an agent-based model
18. April 2017 Bellaubi, F., Pahl-Wostl, C. Research
Our emphasis is on the management of water service delivery (WSD) and on the institutional dynamics of the actors involved in the various water systems, therefore focusing on the interplay between human society and the environment. Water service delivery in Kenya and Ghana is of low quality and there are weak integrity mechanisms in place, which are prone to corruption. Water service delivery is also characterized by pragmatic and opportunistic management practices. We explore the extent to which corruption and management practices affect the performance of WSD by developing an exploratory...

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