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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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A new framework for prioritising decisions on recreational trail management
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Aleksandra M. Tomczyk, Marek W. Ewertowski, Piran C.L. White, Leszek Kasprzak Many Protected Natural Areas provide benefits for both conservation and recreation. The frequent trade-offs between these activities pose challenges for management and require decisions to be made about how to prioritise and direct management actions. Here we propose a new prioritization framework that can provide National Park managers with an enhanced ability to control recreational trail conditions, improve...
Factors that influence working forest conservation and parcelization
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Andrew W. L’Roe, Adena R. Rissman Ownership of private forestland is changing rapidly, especially in areas owned by industrial forest product companies. Following divestment by industrial owners, forested lands are increasingly likely to move from intensive timber production to subdivision of the land, development and other private uses, or alternatively to conservation under public tenure. This research follows a unique dataset of forestland properties previously owned by industrial and...
Assessing climate change-induced flooding mitigation for adaptation in Boston’s Charles River watershed, USA
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Chingwen Cheng, Y.C. Ethan Yang, Robert Ryan, Qian Yu, Elizabeth Brabec Climate change is projected to have increased temperature and more frequent and intense rainfalls in the northeast of the United States. Green infrastructure has been identified as a critical strategy for stormwater management and flooding mitigation as well as for climate change adaptation. Climate science plays an important role in understanding a range of climate change impacts and the effects of green...
Transit-oriented development on greenfield versus infill sites: Some lessons from Hong Kong
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Becky P.Y. Loo, Amy H.T. Cheng, Samantha L. Nichols This study examines whether the medium-term impact of rail transit on development near the transit stations differs if it is built in areas which are largely undeveloped (greenfield sites) as opposed to areas which have a certain level of development (infill sites) after a period of five to ten years. Hong Kong, a metropolitan city committed to rail-based transit-oriented development (RTOD), has been chosen to examine this main research...
Measuring landscape pattern in three dimensional space
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Qiong Wu, Fengxiang Guo, Hongqing Li, Jingyu Kang General landscape metrics are mainly conducted in two dimensional space, while the terrain undulation is usually not considered. Terrain fluctuation affects a landscape’s spatial heterogeneity and its spatial-temporal dynamics by diversifying the spatial distribution of soil, vegetation and animals. This article proposed three methods to measure the landscape pattern in three dimensional space, including the 3D derivation of 2D landscape...
Exurban housing development, onsite wastewater disposal, and groundwater vulnerability within a changing policy context
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): James A. LaGro, Bradley T. Vowels, Benjamin Vondra On-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTS) are designed to collect, filter, and release treated wastewater effluent back into the natural environment. If these decentralized systems are not properly installed or regularly maintained, or are spatially distributed at densities that exceed the landscape’s ability to safely treat wastewater effluent, groundwater can become contaminated. We examine in this paper the evolution of state-level...
Wild or tended nature? The effects of landscape location and vegetation density on physiological and psychological responses
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Yen-Cheng Chiang, Dongying Li, Hao-Ann Jane Research has demonstrated the positive impacts of contact with nature on people’s physiological and psychological health. However, few studies have discussed the effect of vegetation from the perspective of landscape ecology. This study aims to explore people’s physiological and psychological responses to varying locations and vegetation density. We recruited 180 participants and randomly assigned them to three locations and three density...
Towards a comprehensive social and natural scientific forest-recreation monitoring instrument—A prototypical approach
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): K. Tessa Hegetschweiler, Christiane Plum, Christoph Fischer, Urs-Beat Brändli, Christian Ginzler, Marcel Hunziker Forest policy planning and broad-scale management is often based on forest inventory data in many countries. However, the importance of social aspects such as aesthetic and recreational values is increasing, especially in urban areas, and need to be considered in forestry practice. We conducted a forest visitor survey at selected National Forest Inventory (NFI) sample...
Using Virtual Reality for assessing the role of noise in the audio-visual design of an urban public space
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Gemma Maria Echevarria Sanchez, Timothy Van Renterghem, Kang Sun, Bert De Coensel, Dick Botteldooren Sound planning is not often included in the urban design process despite the well-known audio-visual interactions of human perception. A methodology to compare the overall appreciation of future renovation alternatives of urban public spaces using Virtual Reality Technology is proposed. This method is applied to assess the role of noise in the overall appreciation of a walk on a bridge...
A peaceful place in the city—A qualitative study of restorative components of the cemetery
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Helena Nordh, Katinka H. Evensen, Margrete Skår Cemeteries in Scandinavia are culturally and historically valuable places. In addition, they represent well-maintained green spaces in the urban fabric. The combination of nature, culture, and history makes cemeteries interesting to explore as restorative environments. To our knowledge, no published studies have yet focused on users’ perception of the cemetery as a restorative environment. This study therefore set out to initiate research...
The importance of nature in mediating social and psychological benefits associated with visits to freshwater blue space
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Siân de Bell, Hilary Graham, Stuart Jarvis, Piran White There is increasing appreciation of the benefits associated with exposure to natural environments. However, most of the evidence relates to green space with much less on blue space. Drawing on data from a British survey of adults, we describe the characteristics of visits to blue space and investigate whether the benefits reported in studies of green space – physical activity, social interaction, and psychological benefits – are...
Increasing user awareness in environmental decision models through interactive steering
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Marcos Niño-Ruiz, Ian D. Bishop, Christopher J. Pettit The ability to anticipate global environmental changes will significantly reduce the biophysical, social and economic costs associated with eventual adaptation. An abstract modelling process often supports evidence-based decision making. Nonetheless, there are inherent difficulties for stakeholders in understanding complex scenario modelling. It is important to develop communication systems that support understanding of complex spatial...
“Blue” space accessibility and interactions: Socio-economic status, race, and urban waterways in Northern Utah
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Melissa Haeffner, Douglas Jackson-Smith, Martin Buchert, Jordan Risley Are urban waterways amenities, and if so, are there inequities in household access? While urban waterways represent a potential site for access to nature within the urban environment, there have been few studies on the accessibility and interactions with water features in particular, what we refer to as “blue spaces." This study drew on a sample of households in Northern Utah living in neighborhoods with a nearby...
The impact of urban greenways on residential concerns: Findings from the Atlanta BeltLine Trail
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Sarah Weber, B. Bynum Boley, Nathan Palardy, Cassandra Johnson Gaither Urban greenways are receiving increased attention due to the implications they have for the sustainable development of 21st century cities. Although preferences of greenway users have been heavily investigated, research on residents’ perceptions of living in close proximity to these greenways pales in comparison. With this gap in mind, residents living within two socio-economically different neighborhoods adjacent to...
The usability of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for measuring park-based physical activity
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Keunhyun Park, Reid Ewing While various observation techniques have been developed to measure park use or park-based physical activity, no study has used unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to do so. Thus, this study develops a new observation method that uses UAVs to survey park-based physical activity. This study tests the inter-rater reliability and criterion validity of the UAV-using observation method in comparison to an existing on-the-ground observation tool in five diverse urban parks in...
User fees displace low-income outdoor recreationists
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Chase C. Lamborn, Jordan W. Smith, Steven W. Burr The arguments for, or against, the use of user fees at outdoor recreation settings are often based upon philosophical, moral, and ethical grounds. Empirically-grounded research on the debate has been sparse. In this study, we report on a unique natural experiment comparing the incomes of individuals visiting very similar outdoor recreation settings which differ only in their requirement of a marginal user fee. Our comparison of the incomes...
Resident-defined measurement scale for a city’s products
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Yongge Niu, Lily C. Dong, Yixuan Niu, Fumin Deng The concept of a city’s products has been proposed and discussed in several studies. However, customers’ quality perception is not addressed in the existing research. This study takes the perspective of city residents, follows a procedure to develop a scale, selects a few representative cities in China as study sites, and develops and tests a scale to measure the quality perceptions of a city’s products. The scale is composed of 15...
The continuum of chronic to episodic natural hazards: Implications and strategies for community and landscape planning
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Roy C. Sidle, John Gallina, Takashi Gomi Natural hazards present challenges for community and rural planning. In this perspective essay hazards are categorized in the continuum from chronic to episodic to help guide the planning process. While episodic hazards garner most attention because of their immediate destructive nature, chronic hazards like sea-level rise and drought also have important implications for planning and can exacerbate episodic hazards like landfall typhoons, flooding...
The hysteresis effect on surface-air temperature relationship and its implications to urban planning: An examination in Phoenix, Arizona, USA
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Jiyun Song, Zhi-Hua Wang, Soe W. Myint, Chuyuan Wang Urban areas, with massive built-up landscapes and manmade structures, have different patterns of local microclimate as compared to natural terrains. A better understanding of the surface-air temperature relationship in urban environments is of significant importance in interpreting urban climatic characteristics and solving related environmental problems via sustainable landscape planning strategies. In this study, we analyse the...
Urban morphology detection and computation for urban climate research
01. November 2017
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 167 Author(s): Yong Xu, Chao Ren, Peifeng Ma, Justin Ho, Weiwen Wang, Kevin Ka-Lun Lau, Hui Lin, Edward Ng Urban morphology information is an important indicator in urban planning, information management, and urban climatic applications. However, the problem of urban morphological data harmonization, quality, and availability are well-known, especially in developing countries. In this study, a novel satellite-based approach was proposed to extract 3D urban morphology information, and then...

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