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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Towards an operational methodology to optimize ecosystem services provided by urban soils
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Blanchart Anne, Séré Geoffroy, Johan Cherel, Gilles Warot, Stas Marie, Consalès Jean Noël, Morel Jean Louis, Schwartz Christophe Urban soils need to be taken into account by city managers to tackle the major urban environmental issues. As other soils in forest or agricultural environments, urban soils provide a wide range of ecosystem services. However, their contribution remains poorly assessed up to now, and as a result there is a strong lack of consideration by urban planning...
Natural capital and the poor in England: Towards an environmental justice analysis of ecosystem services in a high income country
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Karen Mullin, Gordon Mitchell, N. Rizwan Nawaz, Ruth D. Waters Poorer communities tend to be located within lower quality natural environments, experiencing greater environmental burdens and fewer environmental amenities. To date, analysis of environmental inequalities has focussed on pollution, with less attention given to natural environment benefits that support human wellbeing. Here, the ecosystem service concept which identifies these benefits, and the natural capital (NC) which...
Urban hot-tubs: Local urbanization has profound effects on average and extreme temperatures in ponds
01. August 2018
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 176 Author(s): Kristien I. Brans, Jessie M.T. Engelen, Caroline Souffreau, Luc De Meester While urbanization-driven warming (urban heat island effect, UHI) has been extensively studied and demonstrated for air temperature, UHI effects on water temperature of ponds are unknown. We investigated (1) whether the UHI impacts man-made urban ponds and tested whether urban ponds have higher mean, maximum and minimum water temperatures and lower daily water temperature fluctuations than rural ponds, (2) whether...
Editorial Board
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175
Using social media to understand drivers of urban park visitation in the Twin Cities, MN
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Marie L. Donahue, Bonnie L. Keeler, Spencer A. Wood, David M. Fisher, Zoé A. Hamstead, Timon McPhearson Green space and parks in urban environments provide a range of ecosystem services and public benefits. However, planners and park managers can lack tools and resources to gather local information on how parks are used and what makes them desirable places for recreation and a wide variety of uses. Traditional survey methods to monitor park use and user preferences can be costly, time...
Assessing the sensitivity of urban ecosystem service maps to input spatial data resolution and method choice
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Chang Zhao, Heather A. Sander Ecosystem service (ES) mapping frequently uses secondary data and value-transfer methods to map services over broad extents at coarse resolutions, possibly causing poor prediction accuracy. Although ES map quality has received some recent attention in the literature, little is known about the accuracy of these maps in urban contexts or about the factors that influence this accuracy. To address this issue, we quantitatively compared and validated ES maps in a...
Willingness to pay for forest restoration as a function of proximity and viewshed
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Julie M. Mueller, Abraham E. Springer, Ryan E. Lima While numerous studies investigate the non-market value of wildfire suppression and ecological restoration, less research exists examining the spatial dimension of Willingness to Pay (WTP) for forest restoration, including distance to restoration and changes in viewshed. We estimate WTP for forest restoration in Flagstaff, AZ, US (pop. 70,000) using dichotomous-choice Contingent Valuation. Flagstaff, AZ is in a high-altitude, arid region in...
Refining flood estimation in urbanized catchments using landscape metrics
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): James D. Miller, Tim Brewer Flood estimation methods in ungauged basins rely upon generalized relationships between flows and catchment properties. Generally such catchment properties are based on low-resolution national datasets from low density urbanized basins and do not consider location, connectivity and patch size. Such factors are more routinely represented in landscape metrics employed in ecology, and could be particularly useful for representing the diversity of urban land-use. Here...
Spatial scaling of urban impervious surfaces across evolving landscapes: From cities to urban regions
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Qun Ma, Jianguo Wu, Chunyang He, Guohua Hu Urban impervious surfaces (UIS) influence the structure and function of urban systems, and are widely considered a key indicator of urban environmental conditions. However, the amount and pattern of UIS both change with spatial scale, which complicates the computation and interpretation of UIS as an indicator. A better understanding of the spatial scaling relations of UIS is needed to resolve this predicament. Thus, the main objective of this study...
Accessibility drives species exposure to recreation in a fragmented urban reserve network
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Courtney L. Larson, Sarah E. Reed, Adina M. Merenlender, Kevin R. Crooks Outdoor recreation is a valuable ecosystem service permitted in most protected areas globally. Land-use planners and managers are often responsible for providing access to natural areas for recreation while avoiding environmental impacts such as declines of threatened species. Since recreation can have harmful effects on biodiversity, reliable information about protected-area visitation patterns is vital for managers...
A new approach for urban-rural fringe identification: Integrating impervious surface area and spatial continuous wavelet transform
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Jian Peng, Yi'na Hu, Yanxu Liu, Jing Ma, Shiquan Zhao Urban-rural fringe is the frontier of urban expansion and the most dynamic area in urban region. Identifying the urban-rural fringe accurately is of great significance, as it helps to measure the extent of urbanization and its environmental effects from the urban-rural contrast perspective. However, traditional studies with spatial discrete data and threshold methods make it difficult to identify its boundary objectively and accurately...
Hydrological balance of paved surfaces in moist mid-latitude climate – A review
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Anne Timm, Björn Kluge, Gerd Wessolek Growing urbanisation and an increase of paved surfaces lead to drastic changes of the urban hydrological cycle. Pavements are often perceived and modelled as runoff generator that prevents any kind of infiltration and inhibits evaporation. This review takes a closer look at different paving materials and examines their water transport processes and the resulting hydrological balance by collecting and evaluating literature data and descriptions...
What drives the location choice for water sensitive infrastructure in Melbourne, Australia?
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Martijn Kuller, Peter M. Bach, Diego Ramirez-Lovering, Ana Deletic Distributed and green urban drainage infrastructure known as Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is increasingly being implemented in cities globally to combat climate change and urbanisation effects. Rigorous consideration of the urban context in terms of biophysical, socio-economic and urban form related factors is crucial for optimal design outcomes. The extent to which the urban context is considered in current planning...
Who doesn’t visit natural environments for recreation and why: A population representative analysis of spatial, individual and temporal factors among adults in England
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Francesca Boyd, Mathew P. White, Sarah L. Bell, Jim Burt Contact with natural environments may be beneficial for various health and social outcomes but is often lower among groups who could benefit the most. Using data from >60,000 adults in England, we explored the spatial (e.g. amount of local greenspace), individual (e.g. socio-economic status) and temporal (e.g. seasonality) predictors of infrequent contact and the reasons given for it. Replicating earlier, smaller studies...
Visits to urban green-space and the countryside associate with different components of mental well-being and are better predictors than perceived or actual local urbanisation intensity
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Deborah F. Coldwell, Karl L. Evans Maintaining mental well-being in highly urbanised locations, especially large cities, is challenging but exposure to green-space can promote well-being. We address three poorly resolved questions concerning the relationships between mental health, urbanisation and green-space: i) the relative importance of city size, local intensity of urbanisation and visiting green-space, ii) if visits to urban green-space and the countryside have equivalent associations with...
Evidence for distance and illuminance thresholds in the effects of artificial lighting on bat activity
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Clémentine Azam, Isabelle Le Viol, Yves Bas, Georges Zissis, Arthur Vernet, Jean-François Julien, Christian Kerbiriou Light pollution is a major threat to biodiversity worldwide. There is a crucial need to elaborate artificial lighting recommendations to mitigate its impact on wildlife. In the present study, we investigated how streetlight spatial position and light trespass impacted the use of ecological corridors by transiting bats in anthropogenic landscapes. Through a paired, in...
Contrasting distributions of urban green infrastructure across social and ethno-racial groups
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): M. Ferguson, H.E. Roberts, R.R.C. McEachan, M. Dallimer Links between urban green infrastructure (UGI) and public health benefits are becoming well established. Despite this, how UGI is distributed varies widely. Although not a universal finding, sectors of society that are disadvantaged often suffer from poor provision, something which might be due to which UGI are examined. We assess the distribution of street trees and public greenspaces (two types of publicly-owned and accessible UGI...
Mapping recreation as an ecosystem service: Considering scale, interregional differences and the influence of physical attributes
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Samantha S.K. Scholte, Michiel Daams, Hans Farjon, Frans J. Sijtsma, Astrid J.A. van Teeffelen, Peter H. Verburg Methods to map nature-based recreation are increasingly used, especially in ecosystem services research and practice. Researchers that map nature-based recreation beyond local scales, however, have relied much on physical attributes, e.g. land cover and topography. In such instances the recreational potential of land is modeled based on expert judgement and not on public...
Diverging perceptions by social groups on cultural ecosystem services provided by urban green
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Maraja Riechers, Jan Barkmann, Teja Tscharntke Global environmental and social changes will have great impact on the development of cities in the coming decades. Impacts of climate change, demographic shifts and conservation of biodiversity should be incorporated into urban green space planning to balance for the increasing development pressure of cities. Urban green spaces provide multiple ecosystem service benefits to diverse social groups. In this paper, we analyzed inhabitant perceptions of...
Investigating sense of place as a cultural ecosystem service in different landscapes through the lens of language
01. Juli 2018
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 175 Author(s): Flurina M. Wartmann, Ross S. Purves The concept of ecosystem services is increasingly important for measuring both tangible and intangible benefits that humans obtain from ecosystems. Much research on ecosystem services focused on more tangible services. Intangible cultural ecosystem services, such as sense of place, are often neglected, but in the context of highly populated, increasingly urbanized countries, maintenance of cultural ecosystem services is an important policy objective. One of the...

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