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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Audio-visual perception of new wind parks
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Tianhong Yu, Holger Behm, Ralf Bill, Jian Kang Previous studies have reported negative impacts of wind parks on the public. These studies considered the noise levels or visual levels separately but not audio-visual interactive factors. This study investigated the audio-visual impact of a new wind park using virtual technology that combined audio and visual features of the environment. Participants were immersed through Google Cardboard in an actual landscape without wind parks (ante...
Integrated landscape initiatives for agriculture, livelihoods and ecosystem conservation: An assessment of experiences from South and Southeast Asia
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Camilla Zanzanaini, Binh Thi Trần, Chandni Singh, Abigail Hart, Jeffrey Milder, Fabrice DeClerck Integrated landscape approaches offer a means of integrating policy and practice to ensure equitable and sustainable use of land while strengthening measures to improve environmental conservation, production, and well-being outcomes. While traditionally practiced and increasingly adopted in many parts of Asia, there is no systematic assessment to date of the characteristics, outcomes...
Legacy effects and landscape choices in a desert city
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Kelli L. Larson, Jessica Hoffman, Julie Ripplinger Lawns are a traditional landscape choice in urban neighborhoods, and their pervasiveness results in extensive irrigation around the world. Focusing on the semi-arid metropolis of Phoenix, Arizona, this paper examines residents’ actual and preferred landscapes for both front and back yards; specifically considering grass (mesic) yards, gravel-based (xeric) yards, and mixed (oasis) yards that include some grass and some gravel. Since xeric...
Spatiotemporal trends in Canadian domestic wild boar production and habitat predict wild pig distribution
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Nicole L. Michel, Michel P. Laforge, Floris M. Van Beest, Ryan K. Brook Understanding source dynamics of invasive species is crucial to their management. Free-ranging wild pigs (Sus scrofa) have caused considerable ecological and agricultural damage throughout their global range, including Canada. Objectives were to assess the spatial and temporal patterns in domestic wild boar and test the propagule pressure hypothesis to improve predictive ability of an existing habitat-based model of...
Elderly satisfaction with planning and design of public parks in high density old districts: An ordered logit model
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Yung Esther H.K., Ho Winky K.O., Chan Edwin H.W. The elderly often spend a considerable amount of time in public parks, particular in highly dense cities. It is commonly recognised that the social dimension of environments have a significant influence on the health and well-being of the elderly. However, a clear understanding of key planning and design considerations for public open space designs for the elderly in old districts have still to be examined. Three hundred and sixty-five...
Continental-scale homogenization of residential lawn plant communities
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Megan M. Wheeler, Christopher Neill, Peter M. Groffman, Meghan Avolio, Neil Bettez, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Rinku Roy Chowdhury, Lindsay Darling, J. Morgan Grove, Sharon J. Hall, James B. Heffernan, Sarah E. Hobbie, Kelli L. Larson, Jennifer L. Morse, Kristen C. Nelson, Laura A. Ogden, Jarlath O’Neil-Dunne, Diane E. Pataki, Colin Polsky, Meredith Steele, Tara L.E. Trammell Residential lawns are highly managed ecosystems that occur in urbanized...
Mind the missing links in China's urbanizing landscape: The phenomenon of broken intercity trunk roads and its underpinnings
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Xingjian Liu, Jiangping Zhou The success of intercity transport planning is not guaranteed, with broken intercity trunk roads (BITRs) as a major case in point. This paper reports a first exploratory analysis of BITRs in China. Our analysis identifies geographical patterns of broken intercity highways and conjectures the relationship between BITRs and their socioeconomic, political, and geographical underpinnings. More specifically, by comparing national highway plans in 2013 and completed...
Parks and young people: An environmental justice study of park proximity, acreage, and quality in Denver, Colorado
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Alessandro Rigolon Young people − including children and teenagers − are spending less time playing outside in nature than previous generations. This decrease is problematic, as parks can provide young people with physical and mental health benefits. Also, growing health disparities exist between white and ethnic minority young people in the U.S. These concerns motivate an investigation into access to parks for young people of different ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Although several...
Effect of soil hydraulic properties on water infiltration of containerised soil
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Harianto Rahardjo, Nina Amalia, Jian De Wee, Eng Choon Leong, Lai Fern Ow, Puay Yok Tan The development of infrastructure in an urban city, such as road widening and building work, will inevitably result in the removal of trees. Therefore, innovative solutions such as containerised tree in the manner of increasing the portability of trees would be necessary to facilitate efficient transplanting in order to maintain a sustainable green urban environment. Differences in soil hydraulic...
Green streets − Quantifying and mapping urban trees with street-level imagery and computer vision
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Ian Seiferling, Nikhil Naik, Carlo Ratti, Raphäel Proulx Traditional tools to map the distribution of urban green space have been hindered by either high cost and labour inputs or poor spatial resolution given the complex spatial structure of urban landscapes. What’s more, those tools do not observe the urban landscape from a perspective in which citizens experience a city. We test a novel application of computer vision to quantify urban tree cover at the street-level. We do so by...
Mediterranean land systems: Representing diversity and intensity of complex land systems in a dynamic region
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Žiga Malek, Peter Verburg In the Mediterranean region, land systems have been shaped gradually through centuries. They provide services to a large and growing population in a region that is among the most vulnerable to future global change. The spatial extent and distribution of Mediterranean land systems is, however, unknown. In this paper, we present a new, expert-based classification of Mediterranean land systems, representing landscapes as integrated social-ecological systems. We...
Assessing and mitigating the landscape effects of river damming on the Guadalfeo River delta, southern Spain
01. September 2017
Publication date: September 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165 Author(s): Rafael J. Bergillos, Miguel Ortega-Sánchez Deltaic systems are sensitive to natural and human-induced changes as they accommodate numerous activities and have high ecological, economic and social importance. Mediterranean deltas are particularly vulnerable to anthropogenic activities, which alter the coastal land availability. This work addresses the morphological evolution of the Guadalfeo River delta (southern Spain) by analyzing the evolution of the coastline position and the sediment...
Recipes for neighborhood development: A machine learning approach toward understanding the impact of mixing in neighborhoods
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): John R. Hipp, Kevin Kane, Jae Hong Kim Scholars of New Urbanism have suggested that mixing along various dimensions in neighborhoods (e.g., income, race/ethnicity, land use) may have positive consequences for neighborhoods, particularly for economic dynamism. A challenge for empirically assessing this hypothesis is that the impact of mixing may depend on various socio-demographic characteristics of the neighborhood and takes place in a complex fashion that cannot be appropriately handled by...
Distribution of forest ecosystems over two centuries in a highly urbanized landscape
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): Robert T. Fahey, Matthew Casali Urban development often results in diminished forest cover and severely fragmented landscapes, but most research on effects of urban development has been focused on densely forested regions and has not distinguished remnant from recently established forest cover. Urban development may have different effects in heterogeneous landscapes with high pre-urban fragmentation. Our study investigated spatial and temporal distribution of remnant forest ecosystems across a...
Integrating off-site visitor education into landscape conservation and management: An examination of timing of educational messaging and compliance with low-impact hiking recommendations
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): Tian Guo, Jordan W. Smith, Roger L. Moore, Courtney L. Schultz The protection of landscapes from environmentally-damaging recreational impacts requires planning and design for proactive visitor education. We examined how the timing of off-site educational messaging influences individuals’ compliance with, knowledge of, and attitudes towards two low-impact recreation behavioral recommendations (i.e., hiking on muddy or wet trail sections and walking on trail steps rather than around them...
The interaction of risk allocation and governance arrangements in innovative urban stormwater and recycling projects
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): Ruth Lane, Yvette Bettini, Tara McCallum, Brian W. Head Successful innovation requires clarity around the identification and allocation of risk and the responsibilities of stakeholders in its management. The quest for water security in large cities has led to consideration of alternative water sources, which may involve new risks. In initiatives for integrated urban water management, stormwater is increasingly viewed as a resource rather than simply as a flood or pollution hazard, with...
Attractive, climate-adapted and sustainable? Public perception of non-native planting in the designed urban landscape
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): Helen Hoyle, James Hitchmough, Anna Jorgensen Throughout Europe climate change has rendered many plant species used in contemporary urban planting design less fit for use in public greenspaces. A growing evidence base exists for the ecological value of introducing non-native species, yet urban policy and practice guidance continues to portray non-native species negatively, focusing on their assumed invasiveness. In this context there is a lack of research focusing on the cultural relevance of...
Patterns and drivers of plant biodiversity in Chinese university campuses
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): Jiajia Liu, Mingjian Yu, Kyle Tomlinson, J.W. Ferry Slik Urban biodiversity is strongly correlated with human well-being and is quickly becoming a new research field. Most previous studies in this field focus on patterns of species richness but few consider species and trait compositions and how these are shaped by anthropogenic and environmental drivers. Such information, however, is critical for effective planning and management of urban species. We compiled published species lists from...
Exploring the link between neighborhood environment and mental wellbeing: A case study in Beijing, China
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): Hongwei Dong, Bo Qin Existing studies of the health effects of urban form have focused overwhelmingly on physical health. The potential role of neighborhood environment in promoting people’s positive mental wellbeing is understudied. The purpose of this study is to partially fill this gap. Based on a survey of 712 residents in 16 typical neighborhoods in Beijing, China, we develop hierarchical multilevel models to analyze the association between observed and perceived neighborhood environment...
Using unmanned aerial vehicle data to assess the three-dimension green quantity of urban green space: A case study in Shanghai, China
01. August 2017
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 164 Author(s): Huilin Liang, Weizheng Li, Qingping Zhang, Wen Zhu, Di Chen, Jie Liu, Ting Shu Urban green space (UGS), which plays an important role in reducing the problems associated with urbanization, needs to be evaluated by metrics. Three-dimension green quantity (3DGQ), a quantitative index that measures the crown space occupied by a growing plant, is often used to evaluate the extent, and the environmental and climatic benefits of UGS. The objective of this study was to measure the 3DGQ of...

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