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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Black bear recolonization patterns in a human-dominated landscape vary based on housing: New insights from spatially explicit density models
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Michael J. Evans, Tracy A.G. Rittenhouse, Jason E. Hawley, Paul W. Rego Housing development is often intermixed within natural land cover, creating coupled human-natural systems that benefit some species, while eliminating critical habitat for others. As carnivore populations recover and expand in North America, understanding how populations may recolonize human-dominated landscapes is an important goal for conservation. We empirically test whether a population of American black bear (Ursus...
Identification of landscape character types for trans-regional integration in the Wuling Mountain multi-ethnic area of southwest China
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Guo Li, Bin Zhang In China, 55 ethnic minority groups, accounting for 8.49% of the total population, live on 64.2% of the total land area. In the context of globalization and modernization, these areas retain a wealth of natural and cultural landscape types. Few studies have been conducted on landscape character on a regional scale in China, and to the best of our knowledge, none in multi-ethnic areas. Our study site was Wuling Mountain, which is located in southwest China and populated by...
Do acoustic indices reflect the characteristics of bird communities in the savannas of Central Brazil?
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Ricardo B. Machado, Ludmilla Aguiar, Gareth Jones Habitat loss and fragmentation represent two of the most significant threats to biodiversity. In some regions, like the Brazilian Cerrado, the deforestation rate can reach nearly 1 million hectares per year. Ecoacoustics and acoustic indices can be used to promote rapid assessments in threatened regions. We evaluated how two particular indices (the acoustic diversity index − ADI − and normalized difference soundscape index − NDSI) reflect...
Predicting the likely impact of urbanisation on bat populations using citizen science data, a case study for Norfolk, UK
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Jennifer A. Border, Stuart E. Newson, David C.J. White, Simon Gillings Urban land cover is the fastest growing land-use form globally and there is concern that urbanisation will negatively impact native biodiversity. Bats are ecologically diverse predators and their responses to urban development may provide insights into wider biodiversity responses to urbanisation. Developments in bat detection methods mean it is now possible for citizen scientists to collect detailed bat distribution data...
Species diversity and spatial pattern of old and precious trees in Macau
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Hao Zhang, Po Ying Lai, C.Y. Jim The world’s fast pace of urbanization has exerted profound pressure on urban trees. With over 400 years of urban history, Macau has developed an exceptionally high population density and ultra-compact mode, yet it permits survival of interesting and diverse heritage trees. These outstanding living remnants connote special values in history, ecology and botany. In conjunction with commemorative importance, they have been designated as Old and Precious Trees...
Tree survival and growth are impacted by increased surface temperature on paved land
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Yuanyuan Chen, Xiaoke Wang, Bo Jiang, Zhi Wen, Ning Yang, Li Li Trees are increasingly planted within paved environments in cities. However, little is known regarding growth responses of trees to different pavements. In this study, three popular urban forest tree species, pine (Pinus tabuliformis Carr.), ash (Fraxinus chinensis), and maple (Acer truncatum Bunge), were planted on different paved and unpaved plots (pervious brick pavement, impervious brick pavement, and no pavement as the...
Linking urban land use to pollutants in constructed wetlands: Implications for stormwater and urban planning
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): David J. Sharley, Simon M. Sharp, Stephen Marshall, Katherine Jeppe, Vincent J. Pettigrove Constructed wetlands are recognised as a cost-effective and socially acceptable stormwater treatment option within urban landscapes, satisfying a range of urban design objectives, including flood protection and treating stormwater. While wetlands also provide habitat for aquatic biota, and often act as a refuge for wildlife, there is growing concern that as wetlands become polluted, they could become...
Exploring land-use legacy effects on taxonomic and functional diversity of woody plants in a rapidly urbanizing landscape
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Jun Yang, Pengbo Yan, Rongxiao He, Xiqiang Song Urban vegetation is influenced by prior land use due to the dynamic nature of urban landscape. However, limited information is available on how strongly the land-use legacy impacts the diversity of urban vegetation, especially in areas of rapid urbanization. This study quantified the land-use legacy effect on taxonomic and functional diversity of woody plants in Haikou, China. We collected data on land use, percentages of woody vegetation cover...
Songbird community varies with deer use in a fragmented landscape
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Vitek Jirinec, Daniel A. Cristol, Matthias Leu Consumption of understory foliage by abundant ungulates can reshape forest structure and thus induce corresponding ecosystem changes. In forest songbirds, a negative response to deer browsing was documented for species that use understory foliage, although this association remains poorly understood at the community level. Such knowledge is especially important in eastern North America where deer populations have recently increased substantially. Our...
A mixed methods approach to urban ecosystem services: Experienced environmental quality and its role in ecosystem assessment within an inner-city estate
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Meri Juntti, Lian Lundy This paper contributes to the notion of ecosystem services (ES) and dis-services (EDS) through an exploration of how they are experienced in an inner-city neighbourhood. We contrast the findings of a science-led assessment with qualitative interview and visual data from the residents of the Woodberry Down Estate (London, UK). We use the ontology of co-production and co-construction to understand how material and interpretative factors condition the translation of identified...
Mapping ecosystem services for China’s ecoregions with a biophysical surrogate approach
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Liwei Zhang, Yihe Lü, Bojie Fu, Zhibao Dong, Yuan Zeng, Bingfang Wu Spatially explicit mapping of ecosystem services (ESs) is an essential step in drawing up policies and practices designed to improve human well-being by ensuring the sustainable provision of ESs. This study used a set of quantitative surrogate biophysical indicators to map the capability of China's eleven ecoregions to provide four types of ESs (carbon capture, soil protection, water purification and provision, and...
Capturing residents’ values for urban green space: Mapping, analysis and guidance for practice
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Christopher D. Ives, Cathy Oke, Ailish Hehir, Ascelin Gordon, Yan Wang, Sarah A. Bekessy Planning for green space is guided by standards and guidelines but there is currently little understanding of the variety of values people assign to green spaces or their determinants. Land use planners need to know what values are associated with different landscape characteristics and how value elicitation techniques can inform decisions. We designed a Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) study and...
Agri-evironmental schemes and active nest protection can increase hatching success of a reintroduced farmland bird species
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Benjamin Homberger, Jérôme Duplain, Markus Jenny, Lukas Jenni Throughout Europe ground-nesting farmland bird species are rapidly declining and have become a conservation concern. Intensive agriculture and high nest predation rates are major factors causing the decline. Species conservation efforts often focus on habitat enhancement to increase the quantity and quality of available habitat structures (habitat enhancement hypothesis) or active nest protection by fencing and predator control...
Park attributes that encourage park visitation among adolescents: A conjoint analysis
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, Benedicte Deforche, Ariane Ghekiere, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Shaun Bangay, Anna Timperio Parks provide opportunities for people of all ages to engage in physical activity, connect socially with family and friends, and have contact with nature. Despite these benefits, park visitation among adolescents is particularly low; however, little is known about what attributes would attract adolescents to visit parks. This study examined the relative importance of park...
Environmental tastes as predictors of environmental opinions and behaviors
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Daniel E. Orenstein, Tally Katz-Gerro, Jan Dick We develop a novel way to assess how individuals perceive and utilize their local environment. Specifically, we query local residents in Scotland’s Cairngorms National Park regarding their preferences for different characteristics of their environment and examine how these preferences correlate with environmental behaviors and opinions. We identify groupings of preferred characteristics as distinct environmental tastes that, drawing upon...
Did community greening reduce crime? Evidence from New Haven, CT, 1996–2007
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Dexter H. Locke, SeungHoon Han, Michelle C. Kondo, Colleen Murphy-Dunning, Mary Cox For some volunteers, neighborhood safety is one of the reasons for becoming involved in community greening. For example, many volunteers of the Community Greenspace program at the Urban Resources Initiative in New Haven, Connecticut believe that there is a potential reduction in crime from community greening activities, even though it is not an explicit goal of the program. These types of community-led...
Explaining the inequitable spatial distribution of public open space in Hong Kong
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Bo-sin Tang This study evaluates the underlying logic of urban planning behind the inequitable geographical distribution of public open space in Hong Kong. Existing open spaces and areas zoned as open spaces are found to have distinct patterns of distribution. Fewer than half of Hong Kong’s 1737 public parks and recreation grounds were zoned as ‘Open Space’ in town plans. Three typical land-use zoning configurations adjoining the 1177 ‘Open Space’ zones are identified. A large proportion...
Habitat suitability is a poor proxy for landscape connectivity during dispersal and mating movements
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Annika T.H. Keeley, Paul Beier, Brian W. Keeley, Matthew E. Fagan Resistance values based on habitat suitability are frequently the basis for modeling landscape connectivity and designing wildlife corridors to facilitate dispersal movements. However, animals may use the landscape differently during dispersal movements than in the home range. We hypothesized that (1) habitat features that are avoided within an animal’s home range offer little resistance to animals during natal or breeding...
Urban heat islands as agricultural opportunities: An innovative approach
01. Mai 2017
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 161 Author(s): Alexander D. Waffle, Robert C. Corry, Terry J. Gillespie, Robert D. Brown Many cities are experiencing an Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect and a substantial amount of research has focused on ameliorating those conditions. However, few studies have proposed taking advantage of them. This research investigated the potential for growing food crops in hot urban microclimates that would not grow successfully in the surrounding rural area. Growing degree days (GDDs) and grapevine winter hardiness were...
Editorial Board and Cover Description
01. April 2017
Publication date: April 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 160

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