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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Bayesian methods to estimate urban growth potential
01. Juli 2017
Publication date: July 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 163 Author(s): Jordan W. Smith, Lindsey S. Smart, Monica A. Dorning, Lauren Nicole Dupéy, Andréanne Méley, Ross K. Meentemeyer Urban growth often influences the production of ecosystem services. The impacts of urbanization on landscapes can subsequently affect landowners’ perceptions, values and decisions regarding their land. Within land-use and land-change research, very few models of dynamic landscape-scale processes like urbanization incorporate empirically-grounded landowner decision-making...
Urban land expansion and regional inequality in transitional China
01. Juli 2017
Publication date: July 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 163 Author(s): Yehua Dennis Wei, Han Li, Wenze Yue Rising inequality and spatial concentration in China have drawn considerable scholarly interest and social concern. However, sources of spatial inequality in China remain under-studied. This article analyzes spatial patterns and dynamics of urban land expansion in China to better understand the role of institutions and urbanization in spatial inequality. We find that urban land expansion in China is highly uneven at both intra-provincial and intra-prefectural...
National Parks and demographic change – Modelling the effects of ageing hikers on mountain landscape intra-area accessibility
01. Juli 2017
Publication date: July 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 163 Author(s): Johannes Schamel, Hubert Job With demographic change, the number of older hikers who visit National Parks (NP) and other natural recreational areas will increase. Results from sports medicine and transportation studies suggest that walking speed decreases with growing age, especially in mountainous landscapes, a fact that would have consequences for the intra-area accessibility of these areas. Based on 353 GPS trajectories, a questionnaire applied to visitors, and a geodatabase covering the trail...
Relationship between traffic noise resistance and village form in China
01. Juli 2017
Publication date: July 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 163 Author(s): Wen Luo Yu, Jian Kang The aim of this study is to determine methods to reduce traffic noise levels and to enlarge quiet areas in the rural residential areas in China by controlling relative locations and urban morphological parameters. Six urban morphological parameters, including complete aspect ratio (CAR), landscape shape index of buildings (LSI_B), patch density (PD), road length fraction (RLF), road intersections fraction (RIF), and landscape shape index of roads (LSI_R), are selected and...
Analyzing uncertainties and estimating priorities of landscape sensitivity based on expert opinions
01. Juli 2017
Publication date: July 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 163 Author(s): Arto Haara, Ron Store, Pekka Leskinen The aim of this paper was to present an approach to estimate the priorities of landscape sensitivity criteria and to study uncertainties compounding that process. The data are based on expert judgment priorities of visual landscape sensitivity. The uncertainty model utilized was a Bayesian multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) model. The sources of uncertainty were classified into two categories: uncertainty caused by inconsistency of judge-specific...
Editorial Board and Cover Description
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162
The role of trees in urban stormwater management
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Adam Berland, Sheri A. Shiflett, William D. Shuster, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Haynes C. Goddard, Dustin L. Herrmann, Matthew E. Hopton Urban impervious surfaces convert precipitation to stormwater runoff, which causes water quality and quantity problems. While traditional stormwater management has relied on gray infrastructure such as piped conveyances to collect and convey stormwater to wastewater treatment facilities or into surface waters, cities are exploring green infrastructure to...
Cumulative impacts of polluted urban streams on property values: A 3-D spatial hedonic model at the micro-neighborhood level
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Wendy Y. Chen, Xun Li Urban streams could concurrently bring about both positive amenities accruing to the view of waterscape and negative disamenities associated with water pollution. In this paper, we focus on a specific question that has not yet been explicitly answered in the extant literature: how to estimate the cumulative impacts of urban streams (which refer to the combined impacts of amenities and disamenities of multiple sources) in high density and high-rise urban contexts. A typical...
Black bear recolonization patterns in a human-dominated landscape vary based on housing: New insights from spatially explicit density models
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Michael J. Evans, Tracy A.G. Rittenhouse, Jason E. Hawley, Paul W. Rego Housing development is often intermixed within natural land cover, creating coupled human-natural systems that benefit some species, while eliminating critical habitat for others. As carnivore populations recover and expand in North America, understanding how populations may recolonize human-dominated landscapes is an important goal for conservation. We empirically test whether a population of American black bear (Ursus...
Identification of landscape character types for trans-regional integration in the Wuling Mountain multi-ethnic area of southwest China
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Guo Li, Bin Zhang In China, 55 ethnic minority groups, accounting for 8.49% of the total population, live on 64.2% of the total land area. In the context of globalization and modernization, these areas retain a wealth of natural and cultural landscape types. Few studies have been conducted on landscape character on a regional scale in China, and to the best of our knowledge, none in multi-ethnic areas. Our study site was Wuling Mountain, which is located in southwest China and populated by...
Do acoustic indices reflect the characteristics of bird communities in the savannas of Central Brazil?
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Ricardo B. Machado, Ludmilla Aguiar, Gareth Jones Habitat loss and fragmentation represent two of the most significant threats to biodiversity. In some regions, like the Brazilian Cerrado, the deforestation rate can reach nearly 1 million hectares per year. Ecoacoustics and acoustic indices can be used to promote rapid assessments in threatened regions. We evaluated how two particular indices (the acoustic diversity index − ADI − and normalized difference soundscape index − NDSI) reflect...
Predicting the likely impact of urbanisation on bat populations using citizen science data, a case study for Norfolk, UK
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Jennifer A. Border, Stuart E. Newson, David C.J. White, Simon Gillings Urban land cover is the fastest growing land-use form globally and there is concern that urbanisation will negatively impact native biodiversity. Bats are ecologically diverse predators and their responses to urban development may provide insights into wider biodiversity responses to urbanisation. Developments in bat detection methods mean it is now possible for citizen scientists to collect detailed bat distribution data...
Species diversity and spatial pattern of old and precious trees in Macau
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Hao Zhang, Po Ying Lai, C.Y. Jim The world’s fast pace of urbanization has exerted profound pressure on urban trees. With over 400 years of urban history, Macau has developed an exceptionally high population density and ultra-compact mode, yet it permits survival of interesting and diverse heritage trees. These outstanding living remnants connote special values in history, ecology and botany. In conjunction with commemorative importance, they have been designated as Old and Precious Trees...
Tree survival and growth are impacted by increased surface temperature on paved land
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Yuanyuan Chen, Xiaoke Wang, Bo Jiang, Zhi Wen, Ning Yang, Li Li Trees are increasingly planted within paved environments in cities. However, little is known regarding growth responses of trees to different pavements. In this study, three popular urban forest tree species, pine (Pinus tabuliformis Carr.), ash (Fraxinus chinensis), and maple (Acer truncatum Bunge), were planted on different paved and unpaved plots (pervious brick pavement, impervious brick pavement, and no pavement as the...
Linking urban land use to pollutants in constructed wetlands: Implications for stormwater and urban planning
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): David J. Sharley, Simon M. Sharp, Stephen Marshall, Katherine Jeppe, Vincent J. Pettigrove Constructed wetlands are recognised as a cost-effective and socially acceptable stormwater treatment option within urban landscapes, satisfying a range of urban design objectives, including flood protection and treating stormwater. While wetlands also provide habitat for aquatic biota, and often act as a refuge for wildlife, there is growing concern that as wetlands become polluted, they could become...
Exploring land-use legacy effects on taxonomic and functional diversity of woody plants in a rapidly urbanizing landscape
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Jun Yang, Pengbo Yan, Rongxiao He, Xiqiang Song Urban vegetation is influenced by prior land use due to the dynamic nature of urban landscape. However, limited information is available on how strongly the land-use legacy impacts the diversity of urban vegetation, especially in areas of rapid urbanization. This study quantified the land-use legacy effect on taxonomic and functional diversity of woody plants in Haikou, China. We collected data on land use, percentages of woody vegetation cover...
Biodiversity related understorey stability of small peri-urban forest after a 100-year recurrent flood
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Tamara Karlo, Nina Sajna A late successional and small old peri-urban forest, differing more in species richness than in community quality (due to the presence of ancient forest understorey species), experienced the impact of an exceptionally strong natural disturbance: a 100-year recurring flood. We were able to compare the 1-year old baseline data from permanent plots with the altered species composition after the flood. First, we present a detailed analysis of the baseline biodiversity data as...
Mosquito assemblages associated with urban water bodies; implications for pest and public health threats
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): William Crocker, Kim Maute, Cameron Webb, Kris French Mosquitoes and mosquito-borne pathogens within urban regions may vary in response to short-term spatial and temporal changes in climate, as well as the distribution of water bodies, habitats and wildlife. Predicting where and when mosquito-borne pathogens are likely to occur is vital to safeguarding against outbreaks of human disease and developing strategic mosquito management programs. The aims of our study were to determine: 1) the...
Urban agglomeration: An evolving concept of an emerging phenomenon
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): Chuanglin Fang, Danlin Yu Urban agglomeration is a highly developed spatial form of integrated cities. It occurs when the relationships among cities shift from mainly competition to both competition and cooperation. Cities are highly integrated within an urban agglomeration, which renders the agglomeration one of the most important carriers for global economic development. Studies on urban agglomerations have increased in recent decades. In the research community, a consensus with regard to what...
Using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to analyze brain region activity when viewing landscapes
01. Juni 2017
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 162 Author(s): I-Chun Tang, Yu-Ping Tsai, Ying-Ju Lin, Jyh-Horng Chen, Chao-Hsien Hsieh, Shih-Han Hung, William C. Sullivan, Hsing-Fen Tang, Chun-Yen Chang Over the years, the restorative benefits of the natural environment have been taken seriously. These restorative effects continue to be verified in research from both the psychological and physiological perspectives. The latest functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technology provides an opportunity to further explore the...

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