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Recent Scientific Papers


Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
Forest management under uncertainty: the influence of management versus climate change and wildfire in the Lake Tahoe Basin, USA.
18. Mai 2022 Maxwell, C., Scheller, R. M., Long, J. W., Manley, P. Research
Climate change will accelerate forest mortality due to insects, disease, and wildfire. As a result, substantial resources will be necessary where and when forest managers seek to maintain multiple management objectives. Because of the increasing managerial requirements to offset climate change and related disturbances, the uncertainty about future forest conditions is magnified relative to climate change alone. We provide an analytical approach that quantifies the key drivers of forest change???climate, disturbance, and forest management???using scenarios paired with simulation modeling...
More than just information: what does the public want to know about climate change?
16. Mai 2022 Murunga, M., Pecl, G. T., Ogier, E. M., Leith, P., Macleod, C., Kelly, R., Corney, S., Van Putten, I. E., Mossop, D., Cullen-Knox, C., Bettiol, S., Fox-Hughes, P., Sharples, C., Nettlefold, J. Research
Public engagement on climate change is a vital concern for both science and society. Despite more people engaging with climate change science today, there remains a high-level contestation in the public sphere regarding scientific credibility and identifying information needs, interests, and concerns of the non-technical public. In this paper, we present our response to these challenges by describing the use of a novel ???public-powered??? approach to engaging the public through submitting questions of interest about climate change to climate researchers before a planned engagement...
From stories to maps: translating participatory scenario narratives into spatially explicit information
14. Mai 2022 Duguma, D. W., Schultner, J., Abson, D. J., Fischer, J. Research
To understand future land use change, and related ecological and social impacts, scenario planning has become increasingly popular. We demonstrate an approach for translating scenario narratives into spatially explicit land use maps. Starting from four previously developed scenarios of land use change in southwestern Ethiopia we developed a baseline land use map, and rules for how to modify the baseline map under each scenario. We used the proximity-based scenario generator of the InVEST software to model the prospective land cover changes to existing forest (53%), arable land (26...
Collective action in the area-wide management of an invasive plant disease
14. Mai 2022 Garcia Figuera, S., Babcock, B., Lubell, M., McRoberts, N. Research
Area-wide management (AWM) is a strategy for invasive plant pests and diseases in which management actions are coordinated across property boundaries to target the entire pest or pathogen population in an area. Because some people may benefit from the actions of others without bearing the costs, but group-level contributions are required to achieve effective control, AWM suffers from free-riding, yet it has rarely been studied as a collective action problem. To foster collective action for the management of huanglongbing (HLB), California citrus stakeholders have adopted two distinct...
Spatial distribution of bat activity in agricultural fields: implications for ecosystem service estimates
13. Mai 2022 Fill, C. T., Allen, C. R., Twidwell, D., Benson, J. F. Research
Bats provide a number of ecosystem services in agricultural areas, including the predation of night-flying insects, for which they are estimated to save agricultural industries billions of dollars per year. Intensive agriculture has many negative effects on biodiversity, and it is important to understand how wildlife exploit available habitats to allow persistence in these human-modified landscapes. To better evaluate the effectiveness of bats’ pest-controlling services, and to increase understanding of bat foraging behavior in these historically open grassland landscapes, we...
Unintended consequences of sustainable development initiatives: risks and opportunities in seagrass social-ecological systems
12. Mai 2022 Jones, B. L. H., Cullen-Unsworth, L. C., De la Torre-Castro, M., Nordlund, L. M., Unsworth, R. K.F., Ekl??f, J. S. Research
Conserving biodiversity with a growing human population is a key sustainability challenge. Consequently, a vast number of development initiatives across the globe have been designed to combine social, economic, and environmental perspectives. For the most part, the development community is well acquainted with the negative experiences and unintended consequences that some projects have or may bring. However, in tropical coastal ecosystems, this aspect is not completely acknowledged, studied, or understood. Here, we use tropical seagrass meadows as a model social-ecological system to...
Praying for rain, resilience, and social stability in Murcia (southeast Spain)
12. Mai 2022 Esp??n-S??nchez, J., Gil-Guirado, S. Research
We analyze the case of pro-pluvia rogations (PPR) performed by the Catholic Church in Murcia, Spain since 1600. PPR were ceremonies to ask God for rain. We show a structural break in the prayer data during the 1830s, coinciding with the end of the ancien r??gime in Spain. PPR responded to environmental shocks and were used by the civil and ecclesiastical authorities to control the population, ensure stability, and maintain the status quo. Thus, PPR in Murcia have acted as a social resilience instrument. At the same time, PPR highlight the conflict between civil and religious authorities...
Visions for development and management of urban green and blue infrastructure: a citizen's perspective
26. April 2022 Palliwoda, J., Haase, A., Suppee, C., Rink, D., Priess, J. A. Research
Ongoing urbanization leads to problems such as densification, loss of biodiversity, and social injustice in cities. For increasing urban populations, green–blue infrastructure (GBI) is an important element in compact cities contributing to human health, well-being, and the provision of important ecosystem services. We analyzed responses from two open-ended questions about visions, ideas, and topics for the development and management of GBI important for citizens of the city of Leipzig, Germany. The questions were part of an online survey accompanying the development of the local GBI...
Reviewing the relationship between neoliberal societies and nature: implications of the industrialized dominant social paradigm for a sustainable future
26. April 2022 Bogert, J. M., Ellers, J., Lewandowsky, S., Balgopal, M. M., Harvey, J. A. Research
How a society relates to nature is shaped by the dominant social paradigm (DSP): a society’s collective view on social, economic, political, and environmental issues. The characteristics of the DSP have important consequences for natural systems and their conservation. Based on a synthesis of academic literature, we provide a new gradient of 12 types of human-nature relationships synthesized from scientific literature, and an analysis of where the DSP of industrialized, and more specifically, neoliberal societies fit on that gradient. We aim to answer how the industrialized DSP...
Water quality and forest restoration in the Lake Tahoe basin: impacts of future management options
22. April 2022 Dobre, M., Long, J. W., Maxwell, C., Elliot, W. J., Lew, R., Brooks, E. S., Scheller, R. M. Research
Land managers in the Lake Tahoe basin are considering increasing the use of prescribed fire and forest thinning to restore conditions that will be more resilient to wildfires. However, such restorative treatments also constitute disturbances that could increase sediment and nutrient loads. We examined whether the water-quality impacts from future treatments are likely to be lower compared to the potential impacts from future wildfires under various climate change scenarios. We applied an online interface for the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model in combination with a landscape...
Strategic spatial planning in emerging land-use frontiers: evidence from Mozambique
22. April 2022 Oliveira, E., Meyfroidt, P. Research
Land-use frontiers are territories with abundant land for agriculture and forestry, availability of natural resources relative to labor or capital and predisposed to rapid land-use change, often driven by large-scale land investments and capitalized actors, producing commodities for distal markets. Strategic spatial planning (SSP) represents a consolidated long-term governance practice across high- and low-income countries. One of the objectives of SSP processes is to articulate a more coherent and future-oriented spatial logic for the sustainability of land-use patterns and typologies...
The invisible thread: women as tradition keepers and change agents in Spanish pastoral social-ecological systems
18. April 2022 Fern??ndez-Gim??nez, M. E., Ravera, F., Oteros-Rozas, E. Research
Pastoral social-ecological systems (SES) provide myriad benefits to humanity and face multiple challenges in the 21st century, including interacting climate and land-use change, political marginalization, and demographic shifts, leading to loss of traditional knowledge and practices associated with sustainable use. Research and policy increasingly recognize women's roles in sustaining pastoral SES in the Global South, yet women pastoralists in the Global North have received scant attention. In Spain, like other countries in the Global North, the rise of intensive industrialized...
Do all roads lead to Sapporo? The role of linking and bridging ties in evacuation decisions
14. April 2022 Fraser, T., Aldrich, D. P., Morikawa, L. Research
Why do some communities evacuate long-distances in higher rates than others after disaster? This mixed-methods study uses a new dataset of long-distance evacuation rates after Hokkaido’s Eastern Iburi Earthquake in September 2018, aggregated to the city level from geolocated Facebook user movement. We found that communities with stronger linking and bridging social capital tended to see much lower evacuation rates to distant towns. We used statistical models, fieldwork, and content analysis of 12 interviews, finding that despite rumors on social media, communities with stronger...
Multistakeholder platforms for natural resource governance: lessons from eight landscape-level cases
14. April 2022 Ratner, B. D., Larson, A. M., Sarmiento Barletti, J., ElDidi, H., Catacutan, D., Flintan, F., Suhardiman, D., Falk, T., Meinzen-Dick, R. Research
Multistakeholder platforms (MSPs) are the subject of increasing attention and investment in the domain of collaborative natural resource governance, yet evidence-based guidance is slim on policy and investment priorities to leverage the MSP approach. We provide a comparative analysis of eight landscape-level MSPs spanning seven countries (Peru, Brazil, India, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and a cross-border case from Kenya and Somalia), representing a diversity of resource systems covering forests, rangelands, and multiuse agricultural landscapes. Applying an adapted social-ecological systems...
"Cities in the forest" and "cities of the forest": an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) spatial approach to analyzing the urbanization-deforestation relationship in a Brazilian Amazon state
14. April 2022 Ribeiro, R. Maciel, Amaral, S., Monteiro, A. Miguel Vieira, Dal'Asta, A. Research
Contemporary urbanization has been reorganizing the territories and the socioeconomic relations in the Brazilian Amazon as a whole. We seek to identify a general typology of relationships between urbanization and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon, in the light of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) theory. We have applied this approach to the 144 municipalities of Par??, in the Brazilian Amazon, in the inter-census interval from 2000 to 2010. The EKC approach included the spatial analysis method of geographically weighted regressions (GWR). Deforestation, measured by the PRODES...
Uncovering well-being ecosystem services bundles (WEBs) under conditions of social-ecological change in Brazil
Dias, A. Esteves, Armitage, D., Trant, A. J. Research
This research examines the interplay of a 3-dimensional well-being approach of coastal communities and the ecosystem services upon which they depend, and the implications for marine protected area (MPA) governance. We use the concept of well-being ecosystem services bundles (WEBs) to refer to the links among ecosystem services and social well-being as experienced by fishing communities adjacent to MPAs. This research combines data from surveys with households (n=59) and three participatory workshops (total participation n=48). We supplement results using insights from a photovoice process...
Unraveling the combined effects of sociopolitical and climate change scenarios for an artisanal small-scale fishery in the Western Mediterranean
Rambo, H., Ospina-Alvarez, A., Catal??n, I. A., Maynou, F., Stelzenm??ller, V. Research
Worldwide climate change will influence the spatial distribution and status of exploited fish stocks, often in uncertain ways with cascading effects on the social-ecological systems depending on them. Likewise, changes in sociopolitical conditions influencing consumer demand, fuel, and fish prices may jeopardize the viability of fisheries. Predicting whether existing management systems can adapt to these changes is key and especially challenging in data-poor fisheries. In the Mediterranean Sea, the tropical and subtropical dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) is at its northernmost...
The Kere of Madagascar: a qualitative exploration of community experiences and perspectives
Ralaingita, M. I., Ennis, G., Russell-Smith, J., Sangha, K., Razanakoto, T. Research
The Kere is a recurrent famine occurring in the south of Madagascar that emerged substantively in the 1930s. Each major event claims thousands of lives and keeps many in a cycle of impoverishment, despite the existence of various aid-based responses. This assessment presents qualitative research exploring two Kere-affected communities’ experiences of the phenomenon. Through focus group discussions, we learn that the Kere is a complex social-ecological disaster, compounded by an intricate chain of causation and impacts. Seeking a deep understanding of affected peoples’...
Murky waters: divergent ways scientists, practitioners, and landowners evaluate beaver mimicry
Pfaeffle, T., Moore, M. A., Cravens, A. E., McEvoy, J., Bamzai-Dodson, A. Research
Beaver mimicry is a fast-growing conservation technique to restore streams and manage water that is gaining popularity within the natural resource management community because of a wide variety of claimed socio-environmental benefits. Despite a growing number of projects, many questions and concerns about beaver mimicry remain. This study draws on qualitative data from 49 interviews with scientists, practitioners, and landowners, to explore the question of how beaver mimicry projects continue to be promoted and implemented, despite the lack of comprehensive scientific studies and unclear...
Waves and legacies: the making of an investment frontier in Niassa, Mozambique
Kronenburg Garc??a, A., Meyfroidt, P., Abeygunawardane, D., Sitoe, A. A. Research
The literature on land-use frontiers has overwhelmingly focused on active frontiers of expansion. We focus on an emerging frontier. We studied the decisions, narratives, and practices of the actors driving land-use change in Niassa, Mozambique. Based on ethnographic research carried out between early 2017 and late 2018 among investors engaged in commercial agriculture and plantation forestry, we show how successive waves of actors with different backgrounds, motives, and business practices arrived in Niassa and attempted to establish farms or plantations yet repeatedly failed and left, or...