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Recent Scientific Papers

Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability

Ecology & Society
A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Opportunities and challenges for livelihood resilience in urban and rural Mexican small-scale fisheries
30. September 2022 Uncategorized
Most small-scale fisheries (SSFs) in the developing world are exploited by rural communities, but global trends in coastal urbanization and development are rapidly transforming many SSF landscapes. The implications for livelihood resilience, or the capacity of a livelihood to overcome shocks and stresses, remain unknown. The environmental and economic shocks and stresses experienced by SSF communities are becoming more frequent and severe, highlighting the urgent need to understand how urban and rural SSF contexts influence how fishers build livelihood resilience. To shed light on this...
Carbon emissions from land acquisitions in Laos
30. September 2022 Uncategorized
Large-scale land acquisitions repeatedly fall short of their acclaimed socioeconomic benefits and are associated with unintended social, economic, and ecological costs. In Laos, the government has started to question its own “Turning Land into Capital” policy, and reviews land acquisitions or concessions with regard to their socioeconomic impacts. Empirical investigations of environmental impacts of land concessions, however, remain underrepresented. We link the nation-wide concession development between 2001 and 2017 with associated land use changes and quantify related land use...
A biocultural approach to navigating conservation trade-offs through participatory methods
30. September 2022 Uncategorized
The desire to simultaneously address the well-being of local people while also mitigating the destruction of ecosystems resulted in a variety of win-win approaches, including popular models such as community-based conservation and integrated conservation and development projects. More than 25 years of international conservation experience show that win-win outcomes are decidedly mixed; there is a need to shift to a trade-off narrative to make these approaches more effective and sustainable. In this article we consider how a biocultural approach could provide relevant information to better...
Impacts of conservation activities on people who are incarcerated: a case study based on qualitative and quantitative analyses
29. September 2022 Uncategorized
In the past two decades, conservationists and the corrections sector have implemented collaborative ecological restoration projects, creating more inclusive arenas for conservation. These venues provide people who are incarcerated with opportunities to have a positive impact on their environment, and for ecologists to communicate science and the importance of nature with people in nature-deprived environments. We provide examples of conservation programs and their associated media pieces nationwide, whose descriptions, to date, have been almost entirely anecdotal and without formal...
Immediate effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of wildlife as food among indigenous people and local communities in South America
28. September 2022 Uncategorized
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a range of effects on the environment and particularly on wildlife, through diverse and sometimes contradictory impact pathways. In this study, based on data collected among indigenous people and local communities from South America (Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, and Peru), we investigated changes in the use of wildlife resources for food during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our study generated unique data collected from 756 households in 60 communities and nine sites. We confirm the hypothesis that wildlife use increased as a short-term response to...
Can the center hold? Boundary actors and marginality in a community-based natural resource management network
21. September 2022 Uncategorized
Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) seeks to align the interests of local communities and conservation institutions. A significant challenge to this realignment is that CBNRM is often implemented in locations with colonial histories of oppression, persecution, and dispossession that have left legacies of inequity and marginalization. Social networks are one method for discerning how marginalized CBNRM actors can negotiate entitlements and agency. Through the lens of social networks, marginalization can be viewed as insufficient connectivity between the center and the...
Creating a climate changed future with the sea level rise interactive-fiction game “Lagos2199”
21. September 2022 Uncategorized
Story-based futures serve an important role in climate change scenario development. Stories are particularly useful in exploring sea level rise possibilities, since we know many coastal areas are specifically vulnerable to accelerating rises in sea level. This discrete change in coastline is different from most other climate change impacts, and offers a clear basis for scientifically informed, future scenarios. We demonstrated this with a creative world-building effort set in Lagos, Nigeria in the year 2199. Further, we employed story-based scenario development, and created a...
Sedentarization as an adaptation to socio-environmental changes? Everyday herding practices in pastoralist communities in southern Ethiopia
15. September 2022 Uncategorized
As humanity is faced with various changes in social-environmental systems, adaptation efforts have become increasingly important. Significant effort and resources have been spent on devising overarching, large-scale strategies in response to climate change and associated socioeconomic challenges. However, the mechanisms of adaptation employed by individuals and households in ordinary, daily life have received insufficient scholarly examination. This research aims to demonstrate the significance of everyday adaptation strategies of smallholder pastoralists who are on the front lines of...
A comparative approach to quantify the heterarchical structures of complex systems
15. September 2022 Uncategorized
The dynamics and adaptive capacity of social-ecological systems are heavily contingent on system structure, which is established through geography, institutions, interactions, and movement. Contrasting views of system structure, as hierarchies and single-level networks respectively, have tended to emphasize the role of either top-down or lateral (peer-to-peer) connections. The concept of a heterarchy aims to capture both top-down and lateral connections on orthogonal axes and has been proposed as a way of unifying alternative approaches to measuring structure, but it has not been fully...
Fruit booms and investor mobility along the China-Myanmar and China-Laos borders
15. September 2022 Uncategorized
Investment in fruit cultivation is currently transforming agricultural production and rural landscapes in the mountainous region of mainland Southeast Asia, especially in the borderlands and lowlands of this region. Unlike large-scale land acquisitions and investment in previously reported boom crops, e.g., rubber trees and oil palms, investment in fruit cultivation is generally short-term, small-scale, and often informal. Additionally, different from previous crop booms, investors in fruit booms often relocate geographically or spatially to seize opportunities. Research has yet to...