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Environmental Management 

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Correction to: Human–Nature Relationships and Normative Beliefs Influence Behaviors that Reduce the Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species
01. Juni 2019
The original article was published with few incorrect contexts.
Correction to: Neighborhood Parks and Recreationists' Exposure to Ozone: A Comparison of Disadvantaged and Affluent Communities in Los Angeles, California
01. Juni 2019
The original version of the article contained an error in the Exposure to Ozone section, paragraph 4, the 1st sentence, reporting the finding that male recreationists experienced higher ozone dose exposure than female recreationists, the number should be males M = 77.08.
Modeling Temperature Regime and Physical Habitat Impacts from Restored Streamflow
01. Juni 2019
Abstract Water infrastructure updates at Grand Canyon National Park (GRCA) provide an opportunity to restore natural flow to Bright Angel Creek, adding an additional ~20% to baseflow. This creek provides habitat for endangered humpback chub (Gila cypha) and invasive brown trout (Salmo trutta). We assess how increased flow may alter habitat and how that change may impact native and nonnative species using physical habitat modeling and statistical analysis of stream temperature data. We used System for Environmental Flow Analysis to calculate the change in habitat area...
Effects of Protected Area Size on Conservation Return on Investment
01. Juni 2019
Abstract The objective of this research is to examine how protected area size influences the conservation benefit and acquisition cost of creating a protected area, how the resulting effects influence the predicted rate of return on investment (ROI), and how those relationships change prioritization decision-making for selecting protected areas compared with decisions based only on conservation benefit and decisions based only on acquisition cost. The objective is accomplished in an econometric framework by analyzing the parcel-level acquisition cost and conservation...
Developing Cost-Effective Design Guidelines for Fish-Friendly Box Culverts, with a Focus on Small Fish
01. Juni 2019
Abstract Low-level river crossings can have negative impacts on freshwater ecosystems, including blocking upstream fish passage. In order to restore upstream fish passage in culverts, we developed physically-based design methods to yield cost-effective culvert structures in order to maintain or restore waterway connectivity for a range of small-bodied fish species. New guidelines are proposed for fish-friendly multi-cell box culvert designs based upon two basic concepts: (1) the culvert design is optimised for fish passage for small to medium water discharges, and for...
Exploring Farmers’ Climate Change Perceptions and Adaptation Intentions: Empirical Evidence from Austria
01. Juni 2019
Abstract The lack of timely adaptation in agriculture may hamper prosperous farm developments by neglecting risks and opportunities emerging from climate change. Understanding farmers’ perceptual and socio-cognitive processes is key in order to encourage on-farm adaptation. We aim at investigating how farmers’ individual cognition on climate change and adaptation as well as socio-environmental context factors affect agricultural adaptation intention and avoidance. We build on the Model of Private Proactive Adaptation to Climate Change (MPPACC) and apply a...
Managing River Fish Biodiversity Generates Substantial Economic Benefits in Four European Countries
01. Juni 2019
Abstract Ecosystems and biodiversity produce benefits to society, but many of them are hard to quantify. For example, it is unclear whether European societies gain benefits from experiencing rivers that host high native biodiversity. Without such knowledge, monetary investments into ecologically oriented river management plans are difficult to justify. The objective of this study was to reveal how the public in four European countries values ecological characteristics of domestic rivers and the outcomes of hypothetical river basin management plans designed to improve...
Geodiversity Hotspots: Concept, Method and Cartographic Application for Geoconservation Purposes at a Regional Scale
01. Juni 2019
Abstract As a parallel to the “biodiversity hotspot” concept used in conservation biology, “geodiversity hotspots” can be defined as geographic areas that harbor very high levels of geodiversity while being threatened by human activities. Identifying geodiversity hotspots may offer a powerful way to set geoconservation priorities, but numerical methods integrating both geodiversity values and threats are still lacking. Here we propose for the first time an integrated approach using GIS and geoprocessing to map geodiversity hotspots at a regional scale, with a...
Associations between Biotic Integrity and Sport Fish Populations in Upper Midwest, USA Rivers, with Emphasis on Smallmouth Bass
01. Juni 2019
Abstract Indices of biotic integrity (IBIs) are used to assess ecosystem health of streams and rivers. Streams and rivers with high IBI scores should support abundant and healthy populations of recreationally important sport fishes. However, the fundamental assumption that IBI scores and sport fish populations are associated needs to be examined. To verify this assumption, we tested associations between IBI scores and relative abundance of all sport fishes targeted by anglers, with emphasis on relative abundance of four size groups of smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu...
Evaluating Composition and Conservation Value of Roadside Plant Communities in a Grassland Biome
01. Juni 2019
Abstract In the context of roadside revegetation activities in rural regions, revegetation objectives commonly are to establish plant communities with a diversity of species that would otherwise be absent on the predominantly agricultural landscape. To determine the efficacy of revegetation in providing plant communities of high biodiversity value, we quantified species richness, floristic quality, and success in seeding efforts. We evaluated the outcome of roadside seedings conducted by Nebraska Department of Transportation (NDOT) for five NDOT landscape regions...
Hydrodynamic Modeling Coupled with Long-term Field Data Provide Evidence for Suppression of Phytoplankton by Invasive Clams and Freshwater Exports in the San Francisco Estuary
01. Juni 2019
Abstract The San Francisco Estuary (California, USA) had abundant pelagic fish in the late 1960s, but has few pelagic fish today. A primary cause for this decline in fish is thought to be a trophic cascade, triggered by declining phytoplankton. Here, we describe the changes in pelagic community structure of the San Francisco Estuary. Then, we examine whether changes in hydrodynamics due to freshwater exports, which increased exponentially beginning in 1967, in addition to the 1986 invasion by the clam Potamocorbula amurensis, explain the phytoplankton loss. Hydrodynamic...
Design, Development and Implementation of a Decision Support Info-Portal for Integrated Coastal Management, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
24. Mai 2019
Abstract Coastal environments face mounting pressures from development and resource use, and appropriate coastal management supports long-term ecosystem functionality, viability and delivery of goods and services. Integrated coastal management (ICM) is advocated as a best practice approach to achieving this, but comes with its own challenges. Given the diverse nature of the coastal environment and the goods and services it offers, its management is complex. In South Africa, this is exacerbated by the legislative framework which delegates numerous responsibilities to local...
On Assessing Risks to Fish Habitats and Populations Associated with a Transportation Corridor for Proposed Mine Operations in a Salmon-rich Watershed
11. Mai 2019
Abstract Natural resource extraction in large undeveloped areas—such as the Bristol Bay watershed in Southwest Alaska—often necessitates construction of roads that contribute substantial environmental risks. Herein, we attempt to address risks from a proposed mine transportation corridor in a virtually roadless watershed that crosses important salmon streams and rivers. The Bristol Bay watershed supports the largest sockeye salmon fishery in the world. A proposed 138 km permanent access road would connect a porphyry copper/gold deposit to a deep-water port. Of 64...
Early Detection of Conflicts for the Management of Protected Areas: The Case of Charcoal Production in the Los Petenes Biosphere Reserve, Mexico
11. Mai 2019
Abstract Management of conservation conflicts is a challenge of growing relevance for the effectiveness of protected areas worldwide, particularly in the case of socially inclusive areas such as biosphere reserves. For a successful management of the protected area, is critical to consider the social use of natural resources carried out by local populations linked to reserves, especially in socio-ecological contexts facing potential conservation conflicts (i.e., conflicts that have not yet arisen). We addressed the importance of an early detection of potential conflicts...
Pharmaceutical Household Waste Practices: Preliminary Findings from a Case Study in Poland
10. Mai 2019
Abstract Pharmaceutical consumption continues to grow constantly. Unused/expired pharmaceuticals are disposed of to the municipal sewage system or waste disposal. Consequently, many countries have implemented a system of collecting pharmaceutical waste, with pharmacies playing an important role. It is important to educate consumers on rational consumption and the appropriate disposal of unused/expired pharmaceuticals and to identify the level of public awareness. Two studies were conducted in Poland to estimate the problem of collection and disposal of expired/unused...
College Students and Nature: Differing Thoughts of Fear, Danger, Disconnection, and Loathing
10. Mai 2019
Abstract Despite the existence of a robust body of research that investigates human–nature connections, few scholars have examined what people tend to ponder when they think of nature. The objective of the study is to find out how college and university students think about nature. The study also seeks to identify which factors are most significant in influencing students’ thoughts about nature. This paper analyzes racial, gender, class, and academic differences in the way college students think about nature. The study of 287 American students found that respondents...
Correction to: Organizational Change in the US Forest Service: Negotiating Organizational Boundaries in the Collaborative Process
09. Mai 2019
The article “Organizational Change in the US Forest Service: Negotiating Organizational Boundaries in the Collaborative Process” written by Patricia B. Orth and Antony S. Cheng, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently Springer Link) on February 2019 with open access.
Quantification of damage to eelgrass ( Zostera marina ) beds and evidence-based management strategies for boats anchoring in San Francisco Bay
02. Mai 2019
Abstract Seagrasses are highly productive, but human nearshore activities have reduced their global distribution by >29% since the twentieth century. In the United States and Canada, the native seagrass Zostera marina (eelgrass) provides habitat for many species and multiple ecosystem services. By supplying spawning surface for fish and substrate for invertebrates, eelgrass creates foraging areas for high densities of migratory birds. Eelgrass beds stabilize sediment, protect adjacent shorelines, improve water quality, and sequester carbon in their underlying substrate...
Smallholder Farmer Adoption of Climate-Related Adaptation Strategies: The Importance of Vulnerability Context, Livelihood Assets, and Climate Perceptions
01. Mai 2019
Abstract Despite increased research characterizing the adaptive capacity of households and communities, there are few empirical studies that test why farmers adopt costly climate-related adaptive strategies, which strategies are implemented, and farmers’ perceptions of climate changes. In this study, we analyzed determinants for smallholder farmer adoption of adaptation strategies in Chiapas, Mexico. We conducted 291 surveys with landowners in eight coffee farming communities. Farmers were asked which of 21 adaptation strategies they had engaged in, within five...
Socioeconomic Status and Temporal Urban Environmental Change in Accra: a Comparative Analysis of Area-based Socioeconomic and Urban Environmental Quality Conditions Between Two Time Points
01. Mai 2019
Abstract The influence of area-based socioeconomic (SE) conditions on environmental quality conditions has recently been reported showing the precise spatial relationship between area-based SE conditions and neighborhood environmental quality in an urban area in a low-income setting. Nonetheless, there is still a lack of understanding of the nature of the relationship on a temporal scale. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic temporal relationship between area-based SE conditions and urban environmental quality conditions over a decadal period in Accra, Ghana. The...