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Land - Open Access Journal by MDPI


Land is an international and crossdisciplinary Open Access journal of land use/land change, land management, land system science and landscape, etc. published quarterly online by MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, in Basel. Land is affiliated to the International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE) and their members receive 10% discounts of the article processing charge. Below you'll find the most recent articles published in Land:


Land
Latest open access articles published in Land at https://www.mdpi.com/journal/land
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 421: Environmental and Health Risk Assessment Due to Potentially Toxic Elements in Soil near Former Antimony Mine in Western Serbia
Montag, 06. Februar 2023
Background: Anthropogenic activities have clearly affected the environment, with irreversible and destructive consequences. Mining activities have a significant negative impact, primarily on soil, and then on human health. The negative impact of the first mining activities is represented even today in the soils of those localities. Research shows that, for different types of mines, the concentrations of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) are high, especially in antimony, multi-metal and...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 420: Application of Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) in Urban Growth Modeling: A Case Study of Seoul Metropolitan Area, Korea
Montag, 06. Februar 2023
Unplanned and rapid urban growth requires the reckless expansion of infrastructure including water, sewage, energy, and transportation facilities, and thus causes environmental problems such as deterioration of old towns, reduction of open spaces, and air pollution. To alleviate and prevent such problems induced by urban growth, the accurate prediction and management of urban expansion is crucial. In this context, this study aims at modeling and predicting urban expansion in Seoul...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 419: Evolution and Influencing Factors of Manufacturing Production Space in the Pearl River Delta—Based on the Perspective of Global City-Region
Montag, 06. Februar 2023
Evolution and influencing factors of manufacturing production spaces in the global city regions of China are diverse from the West, attracting attention to accurately identify and analyze the real and continuous distribution of manufacturing production spaces on the basis of the actual situation of the region. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed that the production spaces should be intensive and efficient, but the existing studies focus less attention on the...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 418: Measuring Rainfall Kinetic Power in Two Sicilian Experimental Areas by Drop-Size Distribution Data
Sonntag, 05. Februar 2023
The rainfall kinetic energy, which affects soil erosion processes, can be calculated by the drop-size distribution (DSD) and falling velocity. This study presents the outcomes derived by the DSDs recorded with the same optical disdrometer in two experimental areas, located in Sicily (southern Italy). Specifically, the DSDs were recorded from March 2017 to December 2019 at Sparacia and from June 2006 to April 2014 at Palermo. The aims of this paper are both to compare the DSDs for the two...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 417: Governing Resilience Planning: Organizational Structures, Institutional Rules, and Fiscal Incentives in Guangzhou
Samstag, 04. Februar 2023
Researchers and policymakers have long called for a collaborative governance process for climate adaptation and flood resilience. However, this is usually challenging when urban planning is supposed to be integrated with water management. Using the Chinese city of Guangzhou as a case study, this study explores the long-term disadvantaged conditions of urban planning in flood governance and how this situation is shaped. The findings show that, in comparison to the increasingly dominant...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 416: Effects of Biochars Derived from Sewage Sludge and Olive Tree Prunings on Cu Fractionation and Mobility in Vineyard Soils over Time
Samstag, 04. Februar 2023
Copper-contained products that are widely employed yearly in viticulture for vine disease management, lead to Cu accumulation in topsoil creating an increased risk for land workers and for leaching and/or uptake of Cu by plants, especially in acidic soils where Cu mobility is higher. In this study, the impact of two biochar types on Cu distribution and redistribution in fractions was evaluated in four acidic vineyard soils in relation to incubation time. The two biochars were derived from...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 415: A Decision Support Tool for Green Infrastructure Planning in the Face of Rapid Urbanization
Samstag, 04. Februar 2023
Multifunctional green infrastructure, a key component of compact sustainable cities, is challenged by the pressures associated with rapid urbanization. In this paper, we present a method that uses remote sensing, GIS modeling and stakeholder engagement to produce a decision support tool that communicates the availability and need for green infrastructure benefits. The case study presented is the City of Tshwane, South Africa, a Global South city facing rapid urbanization. We found that this...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 414: Improving the Climate Resilience of Urban Road Networks: A Simulation of Microclimate and Air Quality Interventions in a Typology of Streets in Thessaloniki Historic Centre
Samstag, 04. Februar 2023
The improvement of the urban microclimate in the densely-built central areas of Mediterranean cities should be a key objective of integrated urban and transport planning and design in accordance with the UN Sustainable Development Goals on energy, sustainable cities, and climate action. The urban climate of cities in warm regions, already burdened by the urban heat island effect, is expected to worsen further due to the global climate crisis. This study investigates the performance of common...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 412: Optimizing the Combined Allocation of Land and Water to Agriculture in the Omo-Gibe River Basin Considering the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus and Environmental Constraints
Freitag, 03. Februar 2023
This study applied the Gebre optimization model to optimize the land and water usage in the Omo-Gibe river basin, Ethiopia, where competition among stakeholders and growing demands pose a challenge. This model was applied through a nexus approach to maximize benefits and minimize conflicting trade-offs. The main objective was to maximize the economic benefit from land and water allocation with the framework of the land-water-food-energy-environment nexus under climate change mitigation and...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 413: Nitrogen Deposition Enhances the Positive Contribution of CO2 Fertilization to China’s Carbon and Water Use Efficiencies
Freitag, 03. Februar 2023
With climate change, Nitrogen deposition (ND) and carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased significantly, but the effects of ND and CO2 fertilization on carbon-use efficiency (CUE) and water-use efficiency (WUE) are still unclear. Therefore, the effects of ND and CO2 on CUE and WUE are studied by means of trend analysis and partial derivatives. The results show the following: (1) From 2000 to 2020, the mean CUE in China was 0.533, and the WUE was 1.235 g C kg−1 H2O. (2) In the study area...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 411: Measuring Sediment Transport Capacity of Concentrated Flow with Erosion Feeding Method
Freitag, 03. Februar 2023
Sediment transport capacity in rills is an important parameter for erosion modeling on hillslopes. It is difficult to measure, especially at gentle slopes with limited rill length. In this study, a special flume with variable slope gradients in upper and lower sections was implemented to measure the sediment transport capacity. The upper flume section with a higher slope gradient generates faster water flow that could scout more sediment to feed the water flow in the rill. The rest of the...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 410: Spaces, Systems and Infrastructures: From Founding Visions to Emerging Approaches for the Productive Urban Landscape
Freitag, 03. Februar 2023
The proliferation of urban agriculture on an array of urban spaces is one of the more visible responses to perceived failures of contemporary food systems. This paper seeks to identify fundamental strategies connected to food system change efforts, linking these with diverse attempts at designing and planning the productive city. It first situates the contemporary concept of the productive city within a broader historical dialogue of foundational figures in urban and regional planning...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 409: A Partitioned and Heterogeneous Land-Use Simulation Model by Integrating CA and Markov Model
Freitag, 03. Februar 2023
Conversion rule is a key element for a cellular automata (CA) model, and it is a significant and challenging issue for both domestic and international experts. Traditional research regarding CA models often constructs a single conversion rule for the entire study area, without differentiating it on the basis of the unique growth features of each location. On the basis of this, a partitioned and heterogeneous land-use simulation model (PHLUS) is constructed by integrating a CA and Markov...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 408: Monitoring of Water and Tillage Soil Erosion in Agricultural Basins, a Comparison of Measurements Acquired by Differential Interferometric Analysis of Sentinel TopSAR Images and a Terrestrial LIDAR System
Freitag, 03. Februar 2023
Agricultural production, the main pillar of food security, is highly dependent on soil quality, and threatened by erosion processes that degrade soil quality. This article is part of a research to verify the usefulness of differential interferometric analysis on TopSAR (Terrain Observation with Progressive Scans SAR, Synthetic Aperture Radar) images to measure water and tillage erosion in small agricultural basins. For this, images from the Sentinel 1 mission are used, analyzing the...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 407: Multisource Open Geospatial Big Data Fusion: Application of the Method to Demarcate Urban Agglomeration Footprints
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
Urban agglomeration is a continuous urban spread and generally comprises a main city at the core and its adjoining growth areas. These agglomerations are studied using different concepts, theories, models, criteria, indices, and approaches, where population distribution and its associated characteristics are mainly used as the main parameters. Given the difficulties in accurately demarcating these agglomerations, novel methods and approaches have emerged in recent years. The use of...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 406: The Configuration of Romanian Carpathians Landscape Controls the Volume Diversity of Picea Abies (L.) Stands
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
The present study analysed how growth of the Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H.Karst.) is influenced by site conditions throughout the Eastern and Southern Romanian Carpathians. In order to achieve the aim and the objectives stated in the present study, the volume of spruce stands was taken into account and grouped into six transects, both in the north–south direction in the Southern Carpathians and in the east–west direction in the Eastern Carpathians. We used data that...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 405: Evaluation of Spatial Landscape Changes for the Period from 1998 to 2021 Caused by Extreme Flood Events in the Hornád Basin in Eastern Slovakia
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
Tracking changes in the structure of landscape dynamics as a result of flood activity is a complex process. This study presents a model for determining changes to landscapes caused by flood events by evaluating a specific territory in Eastern Slovakia, which has been affected by repeated large-scale flood events in the past. The area has not been subject to a comprehensive monitoring of changes in the landscape structure. Based on the observation of several sets of data, a combination of...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 403: Historical Centres, Protected Natural Areas, Communities and Sustainable Development: A Possible Balance
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
The paper illustrates how the recovery and valorisation of protected natural areas can constitute, for the local communities of small inland areas in Italy, a flywheel of sustainable development with beneficial effects for the entire ‘country system’. Through a SWOT analysis and having selected the indicators for the chosen territory, which is the Roccamonfina Volcanic Area and Garigliano Mouth Regional Natural Park in the Campania Region, the characteristics of the area...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 404: Smallholder Farming during COVID-19: A Systematic Review Concerning Impacts, Adaptations, Barriers, Policy, and Planning for Future Pandemics
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
Our broad aim was to systematically analyse research on the effect of COVID-19 on smallholder farming during 2019–2021 and to discuss how the research could be beneficial to smallholder farm resilience to future pandemics. The review methods were based on PRISMA guidelines, and 53 articles were included in the final review. The review aims to document the social-economic impacts on different groups, barriers and opportunities of smallholder farmers adapting to COVID, and policy...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 402: A GIS-Based Kinematic Analysis for Jointed Rock Slope Stability: An Application to Himalayan Slopes
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
GIS-based kinematic stability analysis in rock slopes is a rare practice in geological engineering despite its immense potential to delineate unstable zones in a mountainous region. In this article, we have used a GIS-based modified technique to assess the efficiency of kinematic analysis in predicting shallow landslides in the rock slopes of the Himalayan mountains on a regional scale. The limited use of this technique is primarily due to the complexities involved in its practical...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 400: Factors Affecting Earthwork Volume in Forest Road Construction on Steep Terrain
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
Forest roads, as a prerequisite for high-quality forest management, should be optimally distributed in order to avoid negative environmental impacts and to best fulfill their task. In the design phase of forest roads, it is necessary to know which factors influence most the volume of earthworks to enable the designer to best adapt to the terrain requirements. In this paper the impact of an average cross terrain slope and carriageway value of a forest road on cut and fill volume is analyzed...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 401: Synergetic Integration of SWAT and Multi-Objective Optimization Algorithms for Evaluating Efficiencies of Agricultural Best Management Practices to Improve Water Quality
Donnerstag, 02. Februar 2023
Nitrate is one of the most complicated forms of nitrogen found in aquatic surface systems, which results in the eutrophication of the water. During the last few decades, due to agriculture and animal husbandry activities, as well as urban development, a significant amount of pollutants have accumulated in the Jajrood river in northern Iran. In this research, we simulated nitrate load in a rural watershed to assess the outlet stream’s qualitative status and evaluate the influence of...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 399: Spatial-Temporal Simulation of Carbon Storage Based on Land Use in Yangtze River Delta under SSP-RCP Scenarios
Mittwoch, 01. Februar 2023
Land use change could affect the carbon sink of terrestrial ecosystems, implying that future carbon storage could be estimated by simulating land use patterns, which is of great significance for the ecological environment. Therefore, the patterns of future land use and carbon storage under the combination scenarios of different Shared Socioeconomic Pathway (SSP) and Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) of the Yangtze River Delta were simulated by introducing weight matrices into the...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 398: Corn Land Extraction Based on Integrating Optical and SAR Remote Sensing Images
Mittwoch, 01. Februar 2023
Corn is an important food crop worldwide, and its yield is directly related to Chinese food security. Accurate remote sensing extraction of corn can realize the rational application of land resources, which is of great significance to the sustainable development of modern agriculture. In the field of large-scale crop remote sensing classification, single-period optical remote sensing images often cannot achieve high-precision classification. To improve classification accuracy, multiple time...
Land, Vol. 12, Pages 397: Spatio-Temporal Variations of Ecosystem Water Use Efficiency and Its Drivers in Southwest China
Mittwoch, 01. Februar 2023
Water use efficiency (WUE) has garnered considerable attention at global and regional levels. However, spatio-temporal variations of WUE and related influencing factors in the complex karst landforms of southwest China require further elucidation. Herein, the ratio of gross primary productivity (GPP) to evapotranspiration (ET) obtained through the PML-V2 product was used to characterize ecosystem WUE, the spatio-temporal variations to ecosystem WUE, and responses to temperature...