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Recent Scientific Papers


Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Research Note: Relationship between childhood nature play and adulthood participation in nature-based recreation among urban residents in Tokyo area
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Tetsuro Hosaka, Shinya Numata, Koun SugimotoAbstractAs urban areas and populations increase rapidly worldwide, experiences of nature play in urban green spaces would be a key for reconnecting people and natural environments. However, few studies have demonstrated the effects of childhood nature play on nature-related behavior among adults and its relative importance to sociodemographic factors. We conducted a retrospective questionnaire survey of 1030 adult residents in the Tokyo area, and found that...
Recreational visits to urban parks and factors affecting park visits: Evidence from geotagged social media data
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Sai Zhang, Weiqi ZhouAbstractQuantifying park use and understanding its driving factors is crucially important for increasing park use and thus human well-being. Previous studies have investigated the effects of different physical and sociocultural factors on park usage using visitor surveys and direct observations of park users, which are usually site specific and time consuming. We quantified and compared the number of visits for different types of parks in Beijing using freely available geotagged...
Small but powerful: The importance of French community gardens for residents
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Ana Cristina Torres, Anne-Caroline Prévot, Sophie NadotAbstractCommunity gardens are increasingly implemented in cities and considered in public policies regarding the range of expected benefits they can provide. Much research has indeed emphasized their roles for community gardens members, but little research still concerns residents’ perspectives. In this paper, we explored the importance of these gardens for residents. More specifically, we assessed the knowledge, the perception and the...
The impact of greening schoolyards on the appreciation, and physical, cognitive and social-emotional well-being of schoolchildren: A prospective intervention study
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): J.E. van Dijk-Wesselius, J. Maas, D. Hovinga, M. van Vugt, A.E. van den BergAbstractGreening schoolyards is an initiative to reconnect children with nature and afford meaningful experiences that foster children’s well-being. To strengthen the empirical basis for greening schoolyards, we conducted a longitudinal prospective intervention study with a two-year follow-up, to investigate the impact of greening schoolyards on schoolchildren’s (age 7–11) appreciation of the schoolyard, and their...
Six fundamental aspects for conceptualizing multidimensional urban form: A spatial mapping perspective
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Elizabeth A. Wentz, Abigail M. York, Marina Alberti, Lindsey Conrow, Heather Fischer, Luis Inostroza, Claire Jantz, Steward T.A. Pickett, Karen C. Seto, Hannes TaubenböckAbstractUrbanization is currently one of the most profound transformations taking place across the globe influencing the flows of people, energy, and matter. The urban form influences and is influenced by these flows and is therefore critical in understanding and how urban areas affect and are affected by form. Nevertheless, there is...
Measuring the use of green space with urban resource selection functions: An application using smartphone GPS locations
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Andrew Ladle, Paul Galpern, Patricia Doyle-BakerAbstractData describing how individuals use their urban environment is a valuable source of information in urban planning. In many cases, data used for these purposes have low spatial and temporal resolution, or sample size. Equally, comprehensive analytical approaches suitable for these data may be lacking. We present a statistical method borrowed from wildlife ecology and management called a resource selection function (RSF). We apply it to answer...
Understanding avian assemblage change within anthropogenic environments using citizen science data
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Meera Joyce, Megan D. Barnes, Hugh P. Possingham, Berndt J. Van RensburgAbstractAnthropogenic land use is a major driver of biodiversity loss, with different land use activities having a range of impacts on native communities. These myriad impacts make it difficult to identify the key drivers of species declines, especially across heterogenous anthropogenic environments. Our study aims to identify whether the species and traits being lost in disturbed environments differ across a land-use intensity...
Inverse associations between neighborhood socioeconomic factors and green structure in urban and suburban municipalities of Stockholm County
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Åsa Persson, Charlotta Eriksson, Mare LõhmusAbstractStockholm is one of the greenest capitals in Europe, however, there is a concern that future densification may lead to a decrease in the physical space available for green structure (includes all kinds of vegetation). International evidence suggests that the health benefits of green structure may be strongest among the lowest socioeconomic groups whereas those same groups often experience exposure to less or lower quality green structure. The aim...
A mixture emissivity analysis method for urban land surface temperature retrieval from Landsat 8 data
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Tianyu Li, Qingmin MengAbstractLand surface temperature (LST) retrieval from satellite imagery is one of the most practical ways to consistently monitor urban thermal environment. Given the heterogeneous nature of urban landscape, an implicit assumption should be considered in remotely sensed LST determinations that a mixed urban land cover aggregation is the combination of its constituent components. Currently, the common LST retrieval method which utilize emissivity measures estimated by NDVI...
Ecological urbanism in East Asia: A comparative assessment of two eco-cities in Japan and China
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Zhongjie LinAbstractThe growth of projects translating the concept of eco-city into practices has accelerated during the last fifteen years, making the eco-city a global phenomenon. Asia in particular has witnessed notable developments, characterized by strong governmental intervention and national initiatives to create model eco-cities. In Japan, the central government launched an “Eco-Model Cities” program in 2008 and has designated twenty-three model cities. In China, hundreds of municipalities...
Avian anthrophobia? Behavioral and physiological responses of house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus) to human and predator threats across an urban gradient
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Melinda Weaver, Russell A. Ligon, Melanie Mousel, Kevin J. McGrawAbstractUrban environments present animals with many novel experiences, not the least of which is the physical presence of humans. However, most studies on urban predation do not take human presence into account. We examined behavioral and physiological responses of a songbird species (the house finch, Haemorhous mexicanus) that is abundant in both natural and urban areas to the presence of humans and to a native predator model to...
Civil airports from a landscape perspective: A multi-scale approach with implications for reducing bird strikes
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Morgan B. Pfeiffer, Jason D. Kougher, Travis L. DeVaultAbstractCollisions between birds and aircraft are a global problem that jeopardizes human safety and causes economic losses. Although landscape features have been suggested as one of a number of factors contributing to bird strikes, no evidence exists to support this suggestion. We investigated the effects of landscape structure on the adverse effect (AE) bird strike rate at 98 civil airports in the United States. The number of reported AE bird...
Coupling a landscape-based approach and graph theory to maximize multispecific connectivity in bird communities
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Céline Clauzel, Alienor Jeliazkov, Anne MimetAbstractEnvironmental policies have highlighted the importance of preserving ecological networks to limit the fragmentation of natural habitats and biodiversity loss. A crucial issue for landscape managers is how to reconcile conservation measures that benefit all species and the maintenance of human activities. This study aimed to promote landscape multifunctionality, i.e., improving connectivity for several species without significantly modifying human...
Stewardship as a boundary object for sustainability research: Linking care, knowledge and agency
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Johan Peçanha Enqvist, Simon West, Vanessa A. Masterson, L. Jamila Haider, Uno Svedin, Maria TengöAbstractCurrent sustainability challenges – including biodiversity loss, pollution and land-use change – require new ways of understanding, acting in and caring for the landscapes we live in. The concept of stewardship is increasingly used in research, policy and practice to articulate and describe responses to these challenges. However, there are multiple meanings and framings of stewardship across...
The impact of urbanisation on nature dose and the implications for human health
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Publication date: November 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 179Author(s): Daniel T.C. Cox, Danielle F. Shanahan, Hannah L. Hudson, Richard A. Fuller, Kevin J. GastonAbstractThe last 100 years have seen a huge change in the global structure of the human population, with the majority of people now living in urban rather than rural environments. An assumed consequence is that people will have fewer experiences of nature, and this could have important consequences given the myriad health benefits that they can gain from such experiences. Alternatively, as experiences of...
Up and out: A multifaceted approach to characterizing urbanization in Greater Saigon, 2000–2009
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Publication date: Available online 3 August 2018Source: Landscape and Urban PlanningAuthor(s): Deborah L. Balk, Son V. Nghiem, Bryan R. Jones, Zhen Liu, Gillian DunnAbstractIn this case study of Greater Saigon, two types of satellite data are used to estimate the rate of change in urban spatial expansion, both horizontally and volumetrically (horizontal and vertical components), and integrates them with socioeconomic data to examine the correlates and potential causes of both kinds of change. We employ new data products – the Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) derived largely from...
Mapping the spatio-temporal distribution of solar radiation within street canyons of Boston using Google Street View panoramas and building height model
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Publication date: Available online 2 August 2018Source: Landscape and Urban PlanningAuthor(s): Xiaojiang Li, Carlo RattiAbstractStudying the solar radiation within street canyons would provide an important reference for increasing human thermal comfort and decreasing the potential health issues caused by too much exposure from sunlight. In this study, we used building height model and publicly accessible Google Street View panoramas to map the spatio-temporal distribution of solar radiation within street canyons of Boston, Massachusetts. Hemispherical images generated from Google Street...
Urban green infrastructure and ecosystem services in sub-Saharan Africa
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Publication date: Available online 19 June 2018Source: Landscape and Urban PlanningAuthor(s): Marié J. du Toit, Sarel S. Cilliers, Martin Dallimer, Mark Goddard, Solène Guenat, Susanna F. CorneliusAbstractAfrica is urbanizing at an astonishing rate. To meet many of the Sustainable Development Goals there will be a requirement for cities in sub-Saharan Africa to plan for, and manage, the rapid rise in the urban population. Green infrastructure has the potential to provide multiple ecosystem services to benefit the urban population. The general objective of this review is to consolidate...
Using annual Landsat imagery to identify harvesting over a range of intensities for non-industrial family forests
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Publication date: Available online 18 June 2018Source: Landscape and Urban PlanningAuthor(s): R. Tortini, A.L. Mayer, T. Hermosilla, N.C. Coops, M.A. WulderAbstractThe monitoring of forested landscapes dominated by many small private forest owners is difficult or not possible without spatially explicit and up-to-date information on land cover change. Analysis of time series multispectral data from the Landsat series of satellites have the spatial and temporal characteristics required to detect sub-hectare and non-stand replacing harvest events over large areas. We identified harvests that...
The landscape context of family forests in the United States: Anthropogenic interfaces and forest fragmentation from 2001 to 2011
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Publication date: Available online 22 April 2018Source: Landscape and Urban PlanningAuthor(s): Kurt Riitters, Jennifer CostanzaAbstractThe capacity of family owned forests to sustain ecological goods and services depends on the landscape context within which that forest occurs. For example, the expansion of a nearby urban area results in the loss of adjacent forest, which threatens the ability of the family forest to sustain interior forest habitat. Our objective was to assess the status and change of the landscape context of family forests across the conterminous United States, as measured...