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Recent Scientific Papers


Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Assessing urban drivers of canopy layer urban heat island: A numerical modeling approach
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Rajashree Kotharkar, Anurag Bagade, Aparna RameshAbstractThe physical and geometrical properties of urban regions are responsible for influencing canopy layer air temperature leading to urban heat island effect (UHI). Local climate zone (LCZ) land cover classification scheme has been widely adopted to examine UHI and inter urban heat island (IUHI). In tropical cities with heterogeneous mix of urban surface cover, morphology, thermal and radiative properties pose the question–which built properties have...
Machine-based understanding of manually collected visual and auditory datasets for urban perception studies
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Deepank Verma, Arnab Jana, Krithi RamamrithamAbstractWhile the previous studies have attempted to quantify the environmental characteristics which stimulate different emotions and perceptions, the temporal aspect of the transient urbanscapes and the multimodality in data collection and analysis has not been given enough attention. The characteristics of the urban environment fluctuate with the time, time-based sensory data collection is, therefore, critical for comprehensive assessment of the...
Impact of a riverside accessibility intervention on use, physical activity, and wellbeing: A mixed methods pre-post evaluation
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Cristina Vert, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Wilma Zijlema, Ana Espinosa, Lia Cano-Riu, Lewis R. Elliott, Jill Litt, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia GasconAbstractIntroductionAccess to natural outdoor environments can promote physical activity, social cohesion, and improved psychological well-being. In 2016, an urban riverside regeneration project to facilitate access to the riverbank for pedestrians and cyclists was conducted in Barcelona (Spain). We aim to evaluate its effect in terms of changes in use...
Value of playgrounds relative to green spaces: Matching evidence from property prices in Australia
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Robert Breunig, Syed Hasan, Kym WhiteoakAbstractWe examine the effect on house prices of the presence of a small playground relative to an empty green space using a matching approach combined with hedonic regression analysis. Using a data set of 33,521 property sales in urban Australia, we match properties near small playgrounds to similar properties near two empty, open green spaces which are candidates for playground construction. We control for property characteristics and distance to a wide range...
Exploring the influence of neighborhood walkability on the frequency of use of greenspace
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Adriana A. Zuniga-Teran, Philip Stoker, Randy H. Gimblett, Barron J. Orr, Stuart E. Marsh, David P. Guertin, Nader V. ChalfounAbstractThe use of greenspace has been linked to multiple wellbeing benefits, however there are many factors that influence whether or not residents visit greenspace. In this study, we explore the factors that influence the frequency of greenspace visitation, with a focus on perceptions of walkability, travel mode, and proximity to greenspace. We use a questionnaire to capture...
The influence of green streets on cycling behavior in European cities
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Maximilian Nawrath, Ingo Kowarik, Leonie K. FischerAbstractCycling is an environment-friendly and healthy urban transport mode. Making cycling convenient, attractive and safe is thus an essential contribution to livable cities. While previous studies largely focused on the built cycling infrastructure, relationships between greening in streetscapes and cycling behavior are unclear. We conducted an online survey to test how different greening levels in urban streetscapes (i) relate to the attractiveness...
Subtypes of park use and self-reported psychological benefits among older adults: A multilevel latent class analysis approach
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Dongying Li, Yujia Zhai, Yayuan Xiao, Galen Newman, De WangAbstractHealthy aging is a global health priority. Urban parks and green space have been demonstrated to provide mental health benefits to older adults. Despite growing interest in prescribing nature and park visits by physicians, we do not know what type of park visit is most effective for the psychological benefits. This lack of knowledge prevents planners and designers from making informed decisions to promote mental health. We collected...
The importance of ponds for the conservation of bats in urban landscapes
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): L. Ancillotto, L. Bosso, V.B. Salinas-Ramos, D. RussoAbstractPonds have an important role in the ecology of urban areas, as they provide essential habitats to aquatic species, as well as fundamental resources to terrestrial wildlife. Artificial water sites such as urban ponds provide foraging and drinking resources to synurbic wildlife, among which bats stand out as an important group. Availability of water sources may thus strongly influence the persistence of animal populations in urban habitats...
Soil swelling potential across Colorado: A digital soil mapping assessment
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Emma Stell, Mario Guevara, Rodrigo VargasAbstractSwelling soils contain high amounts of expansive clay minerals which swell upon wetting and shrink upon drying. Urban growth across swelling soils causes billions of dollars in infrastructure damage annually throughout the United States. Here, continuous spatial information of soil swelling properties is provided across Colorado, a state experiencing extensive urban growth across swelling soils. The objectives were: 1) model the spatial variability and...
Quantification of anthropogenic food subsidies to an avian facultative scavenger in urban and rural habitats
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Eva Cereghetti, Patrick Scherler, Julien Fattebert, Martin U. GrüeblerAbstractThe provision of anthropogenic food to wildlife is a global phenomenon, and intentional wild bird feeding has become increasingly popular in the last decades. Though there is anecdotal evidence of feeding of avian facultative scavengers in rural areas, most studies of wild bird feeding in Europe and the United States focused on passerines and urban contexts. We aim at quantifying the extent of feeding by private residents to...
Development practices and ordinances predict inter-city variation in Florida urban tree canopy coverage
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Deborah R. Hilbert, Andrew K. Koeser, Lara A. Roman, Keir Hamilton, Shawn M. Landry, Richard J. Hauer, Haley Campanella, Drew McLean, Michael Andreu, Hector PerezAbstractMany cities around the world have set ambitious urban tree canopy cover goals, with the expectation that urban forests will provide ecosystem services as functional green infrastructure. Numerous studies have examined intra-city spatial patterns in urban tree canopy (UTC) and found that UTC relates to socioeconomic indicators and urban...
Parking provision at nature conservation sites and its implications for visitor use
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Damiano C. Weitowitz, Chris Panter, Rachel Hoskin, Durwyn LileyAbstractWith an increasing global population, there is growing demand for access to natural greenspaces for recreation. The importance of such access is now widely recognised, for example in terms of improvements to physical and psychological health. Because recreation can also result in damage to ecological interest, there is a need to balance access and nature conservation. As the primary mode by which visitors arrive to many sites is by...
A bird’s eye view of my village – Developing participatory geospatial methodology for local level land use planning in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Salla Eilola, Niina Käyhkö, Andrew Ferdinands, Nora FagerholmAbstractDespite the large number of participatory mapping and participatory geographical information system (PGIS) applications developed since the 1990s, few studies have utilized participatory mapping in formal planning processes. Evidence is needed regarding their practical applicability in rural land use planning in the Global South and their effectiveness in decision-making in formal planning processes. In this paper, we present...
To plant, remove, or retain: Understanding property owner decisions about trees during redevelopment
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Tingdong Guo, Justin Morgenroth, Tenley ConwayAbstractAs a global phenomenon, redevelopment in cities influences urban forest dynamics. This study explores the relationship between resident attitudes and tree removal, retention, and planting on redeveloped versus non-redeveloped private properties in Christchurch, New Zealand. Residents were surveyed via questionnaire between October 2016 and January 2017. The results indicate that residents from redeveloped properties were more likely to engage in...
Neighbourhood greenness and mental wellbeing in Guangzhou, China: What are the pathways?
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Ye Liu, Ruoyu Wang, George Grekousis, Yuqi Liu, Yuan Yuan, Zhigang LiAbstractRapid urbanization in China has diminished urban residents’ opportunities to connect with nature and thereby posed a great threat to their mental wellbeing. While a plethora of studies have disentangled the positive relationship between neighbourhood greenness and mental wellbeing in developed countries, scant attention has been paid to pathways through which neighbourhood greenness affects mental wellbeing among Chinese...
The blue water footprint of urban green spaces: An example for Adelaide, Australia
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Hamideh Nouri, Sattar Chavoshi Borujeni, Arjen Y. HoekstraAbstractThe development of ‘greening’ cities introduces an uneasy tension between more green spaces and the increased use of scarce blue water resources to maintain this greenness, particularly in dry regions. This paper presents the first estimate of the blue water footprint (WF) of urban greenery. We estimated total water consumption of a 10-hectare parkland in Adelaide, South Australia. Evapotranspiration of the urban vegetation was...
Conceptualizing and characterizing micro-urbanization: A new perspective applied to Africa
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Baohui Chai, Karen C. SetoAbstractSustainable Development Goals (SDG) require sustainable urban development and management for better human life quality. Small urban settlements—those with fewer than 500,000 people—are home to 26.5% of the world’s population. Yet, relatively little research attention has been paid to understanding the structure and dynamics of these smaller cities. In this paper, we propose a new concept, micro-urbanization, to fill this knowledge gap, and develop a methodology...
Expanded comfort assessment in outdoor urban public spaces using Box-Cox transformation
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): Y. Peng, T. Feng, H.J.P. TimmermansAbstractIn order to assess outdoor comfort of individuals, this paper discusses the results of an expanded non-linear model using Box-Cox transformation. Instead of thermal sensation, individuals’ comfort assessment was used as the dependent variable. Further, a flexible non-linear model that allows for decreasing or increasing marginal effects of the explanatory variables on the ratings of outdoor comfort was specified. Apart from the physical microclimatic and...
Potential for sustainable use of trees in hot arid regions: A case study of Emirati neighborhoods in Abu Dhabi
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): David Birge, Sneha Mandhan, Waishan Qiu, Alan M. BergerAbstractThis paper explores the future of landscapes in arid, coastal regions based on 4 water-energy regimes, using a case study of villa neighborhoods in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. It examines the potential for the planting of 15 selected tree species for carbon storage under various water-energy regimes to create carbon neutral (or negative) villa neighborhoods. Recent improvements to solar photovoltaic and reverse-osmosis desalination...
Achieving impact from ecosystem assessment and valuation of urban greenspace: The case of i-Tree Eco in Great Britain
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Publication date: October 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 190Author(s): S. Raum, K.L. Hand, C. Hall, D.M. Edwards, L. O'Brien, K.J. DoickAbstractNumerous tools have been developed to assist environmental decision-making, but there has been little examination of whether these tools achieve this aim, particularly for urban environments. This study aimed to evaluate the use of the i-Tree Eco tool in Great Britain, an assessment tool developed to support urban forest management. The study employed a documentary review, an online survey, and interviews in six case study areas...