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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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A narrative and systematic review of the behavioural, cognitive and emotional effects of passive nature exposure on young people: Evidence for prescribing change
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Michael Francis Norwood, Ali Lakhani, Simone Fullagar, Annick Maujean, Martin Downes, Jason Byrne, Anna Stewart, Bonnie Barber, Elizabeth KendallAbstractHealth care providers are increasingly prescribing nature exposure to treat emotional, behavioural and cognitive difficulties of children who experience challenging personal and social circumstances. Correlational studies suggest these prescriptions have short-term potential. The capacity for nature exposure to promote long-term change is unclear...
Preferences for forest proximity and recreational amenities revealed by the random bidding model
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Laetitia TufferyAbstractIn the context of increased political focus on improving the quality of urban environments, knowledge of household preferences for recreational environments is needed. This research note seeks to reveal the willingness to pay (WTP) for forest proximity and its amenities in housing choice location based on the random bidding model. Four major findings are obtained: (i) The WTP for urban park proximity is globally non-significant compared with that of forest areas; (ii) When...
Beyond the park and city dichotomy: Land use and land cover change in the northern coast of São Paulo (Brazil)
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Ana Beatriz Pierri Daunt, Thiago Sanna Freire SilvaAbstractThe natural and cultural landscapes of the Northern Coast of São Paulo State (Brazil) are threatened by increasing urban growth, as a result of inefficient land use management and fast population growth. Our work analysed land use/cover changes (LULCC) between 1985 and 2015 at 5 year intervals, to describe and understand the main processes and drivers of landscape change. LULCC were mapped using Landsat images and geographic object-based...
Assessing habitat loss, fragmentation and ecological connectivity in Luxembourg to support spatial planning
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Javier Babí Almenar, Alya Bolowich, Thomas Elliot, Davide Geneletti, Guido Sonnemann, Benedetto RuganiAbstractThe increasing global population requires new infrastructure and urban development, and these land use changes have an impact on habitats and their ecological connectivity. To anticipate and minimise these impacts, environmental and urban planners require tools and methods that they can use at early planning stages. This paper investigates and selects landscape ecology techniques that can be...
Untangling the role of urban ecosystems as habitats for endangered plant species
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Greg Planchuelo, Moritz von Der Lippe, Ingo KowarikAbstractAs urbanization accelerates globally, a better understanding of how cities contribute to biodiversity conservation is increasingly pressing. Previous studies reveal that cities can harbor a considerable biological richness, including endangered plant species. Yet, a key question on the urban contribution to plant conservation remains critically open, as little information is available on how populations of endangered plant species occur...
Agricultural shocks and drivers of livelihood precariousness across Indian rural communities
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Tristan Berchoux, Gary R. Watmough, Craig W. Hutton, Peter M. AtkinsonAbstractSpatial factors, such as environmental conditions, distance to natural resources and access to services can influence the impacts of climate change on rural household livelihood activities. But neither the determinants of precarious livelihoods nor their spatial context has been well understood. This paper investigates the drivers of livelihood precariousness using a place-based approach. We identify five community types in...
The influence of landmarks and urban form on cognitive maps using virtual reality
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Conner R. Bruns, Brent C. ChamberlainAbstractTo better understand the role of landmarks on cognitive maps, a framework was designed in which participants wore a virtual reality head-mounted display and traversed an unknown, hypothetical urban environment. The virtual environment featured a gridded street network measuring 5 × 5 blocks with a range of development types including residential, park, commercial and industrial districts. Participants followed navigational cues along a fixed route using...
Prediction of airborne pollen concentrations for the plane tree as a tool for evaluating allergy risk in urban green areas
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Beatriz Lara, Jesús Rojo, Federico Fernández-González, Rosa Pérez-BadiaAbstractThe different species of the genus Platanus, commonly known as plane trees, are widely grown as an ornamental species in Mediterranean cities over recent years. The pollen of these species is a major source of allergens. However, surprisingly little published research has addressed methods for predicting the allergy risk prompted by this pollen. In this work, we developed models for predicting airborne Platanus pollen...
Detroit’s lines of desire: Footpaths and vacant land in the Motor City
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Alec Foster, Joshua P. NewellAbstractInformal footpaths known as desire lines crisscross the city of Detroit and are visible from space. Despite their prevalence, especially in postindustrial cities, no comprehensive study of desire lines exists for any urban area. How extensive are these lines, how do people use them, and how are they changing over time? What is their potential to reinvigorate the fabric of neighborhoods and communities? We conducted a spatiotemporal analysis of desire lines in...
Top-down segregated policies undermine the maintenance of traditional wooded landscapes: Evidence from oaks at the European Union’s eastern border
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Andrzej Bobiec, Rafał Podlaski, Bernadetta Ortyl, Mykola Korol, Serhii Havryliuk, Kinga Öllerer, Jolanta M. Ziobro, Kamil Pilch, Vasyl Dychkevych, Tomasz Dudek, Katalin Mázsa, Anna Varga, Per AngelstamAbstractSemi-open oak woods and solitary oaks commonly dominate the wooded fabric (i.e. the ‘oakscape’) of European traditional rural agricultural landscapes based on animal husbandry. However, modern land use systems fail to perpetuate oakscapes, posing a serious threat to biodiversity...
Twitter sentiment in New York City parks as measure of well-being
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Richard A. Plunz, Yijia Zhou, Maria Isabel Carrasco Vintimilla, Kathleen Mckeown, Tao Yu, Laura Uguccioni, Maria Paola SuttoAbstractWhile there is an extensive literature regarding the benefits of natural environments within urban settings, there is relatively little statistical research on the correlation of well-being with urban green space. This research uses social media to develop a methodology for understanding the varying levels of feelings in urban green space. Using a geolocated Twitter...
Perceptions and preferences for urban trees across multiple socio-economic contexts in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Nanamhla Gwedla, Charlie M. ShackletonAbstractUrban trees are vital components of urban ecosystems, and thus important for environmental quality, urban sustainability, and quality of life in cities. Regrettably, urban trees are sometimes unequally distributed both between and within towns, a pattern largely associated with differences in the social environment of cities and historical patterns of development, and the dearth in strategic management plans and systematic monitoring of the existing urban...
Relationships between vegetation in student environments and academic achievement across the continental U.S
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Cody B. Hodson, Heather A. SanderAbstractRecent studies suggest that vegetation in student environments can enhance academic achievement. Identified relationships vary, however, and our understanding of the links between urban nature and academic performance remains incomplete. This study broadens this understanding by investigating associations between vegetation and urban intensity in school attendance areas and high school reading and mathematics proficiency and graduation rates. We utilize a...
Shade provision in public playgrounds for thermal safety and sun protection: A case study across 100 play spaces in the United States
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Heather Olsen, Eric Kennedy, Jennifer VanosAbstractOutdoor recreational spaces for children are a highly valued aspect of society to support child well-being. However, there are many important health considerations, such as surface temperatures and ultraviolet radiation exposure that are neglected in traditional initiatives of playground safety, which may impact children’s exposures during play.The present study provides an overview of a safety assessment of playgrounds in the United States...
Urbanisation and socio-ecological challenges in high mountain towns: Insights from Leh (Ladakh), India
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Juliane Dame, Susanne Schmidt, Judith Müller, Marcus NüsserAbstractRapid urbanisation increasingly affects small and medium-sized towns adversely in high mountain regions, which are especially vulnerable to socioecological challenges like depleting natural resources and increasing risk exposure to natural hazards. The case study of Leh town, located in the Indian Himalaya, reveals an array of diverse patterns, drivers, and challenges that characterise the process of mountain urbanisation. Our study...
Perception of park access and park use amongst youth in Hanoi: How cultural and local context matters
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Thi-Thanh-Hien Pham, Danielle Labbé, Ugo Lachapelle, Étienne PelletierAbstractUrban parks offer many benefits for youth, including providing a place to express and build their social identity. Yet we know very little about how this group accesses and uses parks in Vietnam, and in non-western urban contexts in general. This paper begins to fill this gap by using the case of Hanoi where youth (18–24 years old) make up almost 20% of the population and their socio-cultural characteristics are...
Classification of soundscapes of urban public open spaces
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Kang Sun, Bert De Coensel, Karlo Filipan, Francesco Aletta, Timothy Van Renterghem, Toon De Pessemier, Wout Joseph, Dick BotteldoorenAbstractIt is increasingly acknowledged by landscape architects and urban planners that the soundscape contributes significantly to the perception of urban public open spaces. Describing and classifying this impact, however, remains a challenge. This article presents a hierarchical method for classification that distinguishes between backgrounded and foregrounded...
The utilization of immersive virtual environments for the investigation of environmental preferences
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Amit Birenboim, Martin Dijst, Dick Ettema, Joost de Kruijf, Geert de Leeuw, Nico DogteromAbstractThe article discusses the feasibility and benefits of using immersive virtual environments (IVEs) to gauge the environmental preferences of individuals. The discussion is based on the results of a stated preference conjoint experiment employed within an IVE. In the experiment, participants were asked to rate and rank their cycling experience during and after they had cycled a few virtual routes with...
Exploring park visitor perceptions of ‘flowering bee lawns’ in neighborhood parks in Minneapolis, MN, US
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Hannah Ramer, Kristen C. Nelson, Marla Spivak, Eric Watkins, James Wolfin, MaryLynn PulscherAbstractFlowering bee lawns integrate low-growing flowers into mowed turfgrass to increase the availability of bee forage. They also maintain many of the aesthetic and recreational functions of the lawns in urban green spaces. Common cultural preferences for uniform, green, grass-monoculture lawns may pose a barrier to widespread adoption of flowering lawns. However, a growing body of literature suggests that...
Social vulnerability to large wildfires in the western USA
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Publication date: September 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 189Author(s): Palaiologos Palaiologou, Alan A. Ager, Max Nielsen-Pincus, Cody R. Evers, Michelle A. DayAbstractFederal land managers in the US can be informed with quantitative assessments of the social conditions of the populations affected by wildfires originating on their administered lands in order to incorporate and adapt their management strategy to achieve a more targeted prioritization of community wildfire protection investments. In addition, these assessments are valuable to socially vulnerable...