Menü
Deutsch | English

Recent Scientific Papers


Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
ScienceDirect RSS
Research note: A 50-year increase in vehicle mortality of North American mammals
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: May 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 197Author(s): Jacob E. Hill, Travis L. DeVault, Jerrold L. BelantAbstractMortality of mammals from vehicle collisions is common, but there remain questions regarding how species traits influence vehicle collision vulnerability. We analyzed a database of North American mammal cause-specific mortality to examine factors influencing vehicle mortality. Our dataset consisted of 421 studies that monitored 34,798 individuals across 66 species including 740 vehicle mortalities. Vehicle mortality increased 4-fold over the study...
Dead wood resources vary across different types of urban green spaces and depend on property prices
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: May 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 197Author(s): Arkadiusz Fröhlich, Michał CiachAbstractDead wood provides important ecosystem services and has a positive effect on biodiversity. However, urban environments have limited resources of coarse woody debris (CWD). The presence of CWD depends on both progressive tree mortality and the frequency and intensity of CWD removal for safety or aesthetic reasons, which can lead to variations in CWD occurrence. The aim of this study was to assess the variation in the quantity and quality of CWD in urban green spaces...
Research note: Spatial planning in Europe and Central Asia – Enhancing the consideration of biodiversity and ecosystem services
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Christian Albert, Christine Fürst, Irene Ring, Camilla SandströmAbstractThis research note explores opportunities for spatial planning to enhance the consideration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (ES) in Europe and Central Asia. We refer to and build on the regional assessment of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). We find that a targeted and integrated approach to spatial planning can substantially enhance the conservation and...
Insights into human-wildlife interactions in cities from bird sightings recorded online
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Bianca Lopez, Emily Minor, Andrew CrooksAbstractInteractions with nature can improve the wellbeing of urban residents and increase their interest in biodiversity. Many places within cities offer opportunities for people to interact with wildlife, including open space and residential yards and gardens, but little is known about which places within a city people use to observe wildlife. In this study, we used publicly available spatial data on people’s observations of birds from three online...
Isolated trees and small woody patches greatly contribute to connectivity in highly fragmented tropical landscapes
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Liliana Cadavid-Florez, Javier Laborde, Douglas James McleanAbstractDecreasing landscape connectivity, due to habitat loss and agricultural expansion, is a threat for species movement and other flux-dependent ecological processes. Tree cover within the agricultural matrix provides perching sites, dispersal routes, and extra habitat for animals. Isolated trees and living fences in tropical pastures add structural complexity to actual matrices, but their role in landscape connectivity is undervalued. Our...
Green infrastructure site selection in the Walnut Creek wetland community: A case study from southeast Raleigh, North Carolina
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Dresden Hasala, Stacy Supak, Louie RiversAbstractRecent findings have shown that minority communities are frequently underserved by green infrastructure developments relative to non-minority communities, as local installations of green infrastructure often follow patterns of gentrification. Antipathy from these communities toward existing environmental management efforts present further obstacles related to green infrastructure placement. While hydrologic modeling has been highly utilized in decision...
Integration of landslide hazard into urban planning across Europe
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Rosa María Mateos, Juan López-Vinielles, Eleftheria Poyiadji, Dimetrios Tsagkas, Michael Sheehy, Kleopas Hadjicharalambous, Pavel Liscák, Laszlo Podolski, Izabela Laskowicz, Carla Iadanza, Christoph Gauert, Saša Todorović, Mateja Jemec Auflič, Raluca Maftei, Reginald L Hermanns, Arben Kociu, Cvjetko Sandić, Rike Mauter, Roberto Sarro, Marta BéjarAbstractAn enquiry-based and participatory analysis approach is carried out to identify the strengths and weaknesses in the heterogeneous legislations...
Measuring landscape change, lot by lot: Greening activity in response to a vacant land reuse program
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Paul H. Gobster, Sara Hadavi, Alessandro Rigolon, William P. StewartAbstractUrban vacancy is a persistent problem in many cities across the U.S. and globally. Vacant land greening helps improve neighborhood conditions and initiatives that transfer vacant lots to neighborhood residents can return benefits to where they are most needed. We examined one such initiative, the Chicago Large Lot Program, which allows property owners in high-vacancy areas to purchase 1–2 city-owned vacant lots on their block...
Biogeochemical and socioeconomic drivers of above- and below-ground carbon stocks in urban residential yards of a small city
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Alexandra R. Contosta, Susannah B. Lerman, Jingfeng Xiao, Ruth K. VarnerAbstractResearch on patterns of below-ground carbon (C) storage in urban lawns has focused on biogeochemical mechanisms, with human activities playing an important but somewhat secondary role. By contrast, studies of above-ground vegetation in urban areas have emphasized socioeconomic factors that influence greenness, abundance, and diversity, without explicitly considering biogeochemical mechanisms. Here we examine how both...
Wild bees in urban grasslands: Urbanisation, functional diversity and species traits
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Sascha Buchholz, Anika K. Gathof, Anita J. Grossmann, Ingo Kowarik, Leonie K. FischerAbstractWhile cities are known as important habitats for wild bees, a conceptual understanding of how assemblages of wild bee species are shaped by urban environments is limited. We applied a functional approach to test how taxonomic and functional diversity within wild bee communities of urban grasslands, and traits of bee species, related to local habitat features (e.g., management, species richness, flower coverage...
Linking yard plant diversity to homeowners’ landscaping priorities across the U.S
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Josep Padullés Cubino, Meghan L. Avolio, Megan M. Wheeler, Kelli L. Larson, Sarah E. Hobbie, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Sharon J. Hall, Kristen C. Nelson, Tara L.E. Trammell, Christopher Neill, Diane E. Pataki, J. Morgan Grove, Peter M. GroffmanAbstractResidential yards contribute to human well-being and urban biodiversity. The structure, diversity, and composition of yard floras are largely determined by personal choices and landscaping priorities at local scales, but it is unclear whether these...
Designing a network of green infrastructure for the EU
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Virgilio Hermoso, Alejandra Morán-Ordóñez, Mónica Lanzas, Lluis BrotonsAbstractThe EU’s Green Infrastructure Strategy aims at developing a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas to support the maintenance of ecosystem services (ESS) and connect protected areas (PAs), promoting in this way multifunctional landscapes. This network of GI aims to address the decline in ESS across the EU and also contribute to achieving the objectives of the Biodiversity Strategy, such as...
The peri-urbanization of Europe: A systematic review of a multifaceted process
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s): Brian J. Shaw, Jasper van Vliet, Peter H. VerburgAbstractUrbanisation patterns in Europe since the 1950s have resulted in a swath of low-density discontinuous development, commonly called peri-urban areas. These areas are characterised by a mixed rural-urban character, are highly dynamic in nature, and are expected to continue growing rapidly in the next few decades. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on changes in peri-urban areas in Europe. We analysed 142 cases from 121 studies...
Editorial Board
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: April 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 196Author(s):