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Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
Homosocial stewardship: the opposed and unpaid care work of women water stewards in West Virginia, USA
30. Juni 2020 Caretta, M. Research
The identity of people living in Central Appalachia is tightly connected with water. Because of the threats to water resources due to coal mining, and most recently, hydraulic fracturing and oil and gas pipeline projects, citizens have formed several nonprofit organizations to preserve or restore rivers and watersheds. Notably, women head the biggest, state-wide, most active and visible of these organizations. Grounded in 25 in-depth interviews with female water stewards in West Virginia, this article examines nurturing approaches, financial impediments, and opposition that make water...
Comparing social representations of the landscape: a methodology
30. Juni 2020 Vuillot, C., Mathevet, R., Sirami, C. Research
Social representations (SRs) are systems of values, ideas, and practices that characterize individuals’ and social groups’ relationships to both their social and natural environment. Comparing SRs between places, social groups, and through time is critical to understanding how social-ecological systems (SESs) and their diverse uses are perceived, interpreted, and understood. This knowledge needs to be taken into account to achieve efficient land use management of SESs such as agricultural landscapes. People’s perceptions of the landscape are increasingly studied in...
Nurturing resilient forest biodiversity: nest webs as complex adaptive systems
30. Juni 2020 Ibarra, J., Cockle, K. L., Altamirano, T. A., Van der Hoek, Y., Simard, S. W., Bonacic, C., Martin, K. Synthesis
Forests are complex adaptive systems in which properties at higher levels emerge from localized networks of many entities interacting at lower levels, allowing the development of multiple ecological pathways and processes. Cavity-nesters exist within networks known as “nest webs” that link trees, excavators, e.g. woodpeckers, and nonexcavators (many songbirds, ducks, raptors, and other organisms) at the community level. We use the idea of panarchy (interacting adaptive cycles at multiple spatio-temporal scales) to expand the nest web concept to levels from single tree to biome...
Ecomimicry in Indigenous resource management: optimizing ecosystem services to achieve resource abundance, with examples from Hawaiʻi
27. Juni 2020 Winter, K. B., Lincoln, N. Kekuewa, Berkes, F., Alegado, R. A., Kurashima, N., Frank, K. L., Pascua, P., Rii, Y. M., Reppun, F., Knapp, I. S.S., McClatchey, W. C., Ticktin, T., Smith, C., Franklin, E. C., Oleson, K., Price, M. R., McManus, M. A., Donahue, M. J., Rodgers, K. S., Bowen, B. W., Nelson, C. E., Thomas, B., Leong, J., Madin, E. M. P., Rivera, M. J., Falinski, K. A., Bremer, L. L., Deenik, J. L., Gon III, S. M., Neilson, B., Okano, R., Olegario, A., Nyberg, B., Kawelo, A., Kotubetey, K., Kukea-Shultz, J., Toonen, R. J. Synthesis
Here, we expand on the term “ecomimicry” to be an umbrella concept for an approach to adaptive ecosystem-based management of social-ecological systems that simultaneously optimizes multiple ecosystem services for the benefit of people and place. In this context, we define ecomimicry as a strategy for developing and managing cultural landscapes, built upon a deep understanding of the structure and function of ecosystems, that harnesses ecosystem processes for the purpose of balancing and sustaining key ecosystem services, rather than maximizing one service (e.g., food production...
Using social network analysis to assess the Pontocaspian biodiversity conservation capacity in Ukraine
25. Juni 2020 Gogaladze, A., Wesselingh, F. P., Biesmeijer, K., Anistratenko, V. V., Gozak, N., Son, M. O., Raes, N. Research
Social networks, defined as sets of relationships between stakeholder organizations, are important determinants of constructive actions for biodiversity conservation. Such actions are achieved through cooperation between various stakeholders, exchange of information, and joint planning and implementation. We used a mix of qualitative and quantitative social network analysis methods to investigate the interorganizational network of stakeholders in Ukraine, and the implications of network properties for the conservation of Pontocaspian biodiversity. Pontocaspian biota contains unique and...
Using a social-ecological system approach to enhance understanding of structural interconnectivities within the beekeeping industry for sustainable decision making
24. Juni 2020 Patel, V., Biggs, E. M., Pauli, N., Boruff, B. Research
The social-ecological system framework (SESF) is a comprehensive, multitiered conceptual framework often used to understand human-environment interactions and outcomes. This research employs the SESF to understand key interactions within the bee-human system (beekeeping) through an applied case study of migratory beekeeping in Western Australia (WA). Apiarists in WA migrate their hives pursuing concurrent flowering events across the state. These intrastate migratory operations are governed by biophysical factors, e.g., health and diversity of forage species, as well as legislated and...
Developing a sustainability science approach for water systems
24. Juni 2020 Brelsford, C., Dumas, M., Schlager, E., Dermody, B. J., Aiuvalasit, M., Allen-Dumas, M. R., Beecher, J., Bhatia, U., D'Odorico, P., Garcia, M., Gober, P., Groenfeldt, D., Lansing, S., Madani, K., M?ndez-Barrientos, L., Mondino, E., M?ller, M. F., O'Donnell, F. C., Owuor, P. M., Rising, J., Sanderson, M. R., Souza, F. A. A., Zipper, S. C. Insight
We convened a workshop to enable scientists who study water systems from both social science and physical science perspectives to develop a shared language. This shared language is necessary to bridge a divide between these disciplines’ different conceptual frameworks. As a result of this workshop, we argue that we should view socio-hydrological systems as structurally co-constituted of social, engineered, and natural elements and study the “characteristic management challenges” that emerge from this structure and reoccur across time, space, and socioeconomic contexts...
Determining management preferences in a multimethod consumptive recreational fishery
23. Juni 2020 Mackay, M., Yamazaki, S., Lyle, J. M., Ogier, E. M. Research
Understanding behavioral responses of recreational fishers to management changes is fundamental for effective policy making. However, given the diverse motivations and nonmarket nature of recreational fishing, evaluating fishers’ preferences is nontrivial. This study examined fishers’ management preferences toward different management tools (i.e., a new measure or a change in the setting for an existing measure) in a highly consumptive recreational fishery. A combination of a discrete choice experiment and an opinion-based survey explored the potential heterogeneity in...
Combining ecosystem modeling with serious gaming in support of transboundary maritime spatial planning
21. Juni 2020 Steenbeek, J., Romagnoni, G., Bentley, J. W., Heymans, J. J., Serpetti, N., Gon?alves, M., Santos, C., Warmelink, H., Mayer, I., Keijser, X., Fairgrieve, R., Abspoel, L. Research
The Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Challenge simulation platform helps planners and stakeholders understand and manage the complexity of MSP. In the interactive simulation, different data layers covering an entire sea region can be viewed to make an assessment of the current status. Users can create scenarios for future uses of the marine space over a period of several decades. Changes in energy infrastructure, shipping, and the marine environment are then simulated, and the effects are visualized using indicators and heat maps. The platform is built with advanced game technology and uses...
Economic value of small-scale sea cucumber fisheries under two contrasting management regimes
15. Juni 2020 Eggertsen, M., Eriksson, H., Slater, M. J., Raymond, C., De la Torre-Castro, M. Research
Small-scale fisheries supplying tropical sea cucumbers to Asian markets frequently overharvest stocks, incurring unknown loss of economic value. An indication of such value loss can provide economic incentives for better conservation and management. However, “before and after” time-series by which loss could be calculated are generally not available for most sea cucumber fisheries. In this study we provide a snapshot comparison of stocks of three characteristic sea cucumber species in two islands in the Western Indian Ocean: Zanzibar (open-access fishery) and Mayotte (stocks...
Seeds of change: reversing the erosion of traditional agroecological knowledge through a citizen science school program in Catalonia, Spain
03. Juni 2020 Benyei, P., Aceituno-Mata, L., Calvet-Mir, L., Tard?o, J., Pardo-de-Santayana, M., Garc?a-del-Amo, D., Rivera-Ferre, M., Molina-Sim?n, M., Gras, A., Perdomo-Molina, A., Guadilla-S?ez, S., Reyes-Garc?a, V. Research
Understanding valuation of and access to traditional agroecological knowledge (TAeK) in industrialized countries is key to designing initiatives that can reverse the erosion of TAeK. We explored these issues using a quasi-experimental design. We measured valuation and access to TAeK with a survey before and after an intervention based on a citizen science school program. The participants were Catalan agricultural technical students (N = 173), i.e., rural youth with an interest in agriculture and natural resources. We found that the study population values TAeK quite highly and accesses it...
Assessing the sustainability and equity of Alaska salmon fisheries through a well-being framework
29. Mai 2020 Donkersloot, R., Black, J. C., Carothers, C., Ringer, D., Justin, W., Clay, P. M., Poe, M. R., Gavenus, E. R., Voinot-Baron, W., Stevens, C., Williams, M., Raymond-Yakoubian, J., Christiansen, F., Breslow, S. Jo, Langdon, S. J., Coleman, J. M., Clark, S. Research
Salmon are intrinsic to health and well-being in Alaska, and sit at the center of myriad social, cultural, and spiritual practices, norms, and values. These practices and values are essential to living and being well in many communities in Alaska, but often remain invisible and unaccounted for in management contexts. This paper stems from the collective efforts of a cross-disciplinary, cross-cultural project team brought together as part of the State of Alaska’s Salmon and People (SASAP) knowledge synthesis project. In this paper, we assess the sustainability and equity of Alaska...
The importance of relational values in river management: understanding enablers and barriers for effective participation
29. Mai 2020 Mould, S. A., Fryirs, K. A., Howitt, R. Research
Participation by local communities is a key requirement of many environmental management policies globally. Understanding what enables or prevents landholders’ participation in environmental management is a fundamental requirement for strategies aiming to utilize this often-voluntary resource base. This research applies the emerging concept of relational values to a river management case study in order to better understand why landholders choose to participate in river management and how river management programs can better respond to landholders’ values. We develop a...
A comparative framework to support an ecosystem approach to fisheries in a global context
26. Mai 2020 Lockerbie, E. M., Shannon, L., Lynam, C. P., Coll, M., Jarre, A. Research
Although an ecosystem approach to fisheries has been recognized as a means of progressing toward sustainable fishing, successful implementation of this approach has been limited. However, one way in which progress has been made is through the use of suites of indicators. Decision tree frameworks can be used to incorporate trends in ecological, fishing, and environmental indicators into ecosystem assessments. A relatively generic decision tree framework has been developed and successfully applied to multiple ecosystems. This framework incorporates trends in indicators, as well as the impacts...
Historical insights for understanding the emergence of community-based conservation in Kenya: international agendas, colonial legacies, and contested worldviews
15. Mai 2020 Cockerill, K. A., Hagerman, S. M. Research
Community-based conservation (CBC) has emerged as a practical and ethical governance approach for seeking to balance development and biodiversity objectives. Yet, despite the important role of CBC for successfully meeting these objectives across scales, the historical context from which CBC arrangements arose is often underexamined. Critically examining the roots of current dilemmas, such as relating to knowledge, participation, and representation, informs current efforts to address the future of CBC. This article presents a historical analysis of the governance framework from which CBC...
Operationalizing the social-ecological system framework to assess residential forest structure: a case study in Bloomington, Indiana
13. Mai 2020 Schmitt-Harsh, M. L., Mincey, S. K. Research
Many actors, from the individual to neighborhood to municipal scale, influence the management of trees, grass, and other vegetation on residential properties. Recent work has been directed toward understanding the ecological characteristics of residential landscapes and the human drivers of landscape management; however, much of this work remains disciplinarily focused and at a single scale of analysis. This study employs a mixed-method approach to examine household- and neighborhood-scale drivers of urban residential tree species richness and tree canopy structure. A stratified sampling...
Integrating conflict, lobbying, and compliance to predict the sustainability of natural resource use
07. Mai 2020 Cusack, J. J., Duthie, A. Bradley, Minderman, J., Jones, I. L., Pozo, R. A., Rakotonarivo, O. Sarobidy, Redpath, S., Bunnefeld, N. Research
Predictive models are sorely needed to guide the management of harvested natural resources worldwide, yet existing frameworks fail to integrate the dynamic and interacting governance processes driving unsustainable use. We developed a new framework in which the conflicting interests of three key stakeholders are modeled: managers seeking sustainability, users seeking increases in harvest quota, and conservationists seeking harvest restrictions. Our model allows stakeholder groups to influence management decisions and illegal harvest through flexible functions that reflect widespread...
Quantifying community resilience in South Sudan: The FEED project (Fortifying Equality and Economic Diversification)
06. Mai 2020 Bunch, M. J., Pathan, S., Battaglia, A. G., Greer-Wootten, B., Mascoll, A., Russell, T., Folkema, J. Research
An analysis of community resilience in South Sudan, based on household survey data, is presented in this paper. The data were collected as part of the Fortifying Equality and Economic Diversification (FEED) Project (a consortium project of World Vision, Oxfam, and CARE). The goal of the project was to meet basic food security needs and reduce vulnerability amongst empowered communities and households in Greater Bahr el Ghazal and the Equatorias in South Sudan. Three dimensions of resilience (absorptive, adaptive, and transformative) were analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA...
Resilience: what it is and is not
04. Mai 2020 Walker, B. H. Guest Editorial
A review of Indigenous knowledge and participation in environmental monitoring
04. Mai 2020 Thompson, K., Lantz, T. C., Ban, N. C. Synthesis
There is a growing interest by governments and academics in including Indigenous knowledge alongside scientific knowledge in environmental management, including monitoring. Given this growing interest, a critical review of how Indigenous peoples have been engaged in monitoring is needed. We reviewed and analyzed the academic literature to answer the following questions: How have Indigenous peoples participated in environmental monitoring, and how has their participation influenced monitoring objectives, indicators, methods, and monitoring outcomes? We also summarized how this literature...