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Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
Resilience-performance trade-offs in managing social-ecological systems
18. Januar 2022 Homayounfar, M., Muneepeerakul, R., Anderies, J. M. Research
Resilience-based approaches have been attracting attention in governing social-ecological systems facing rapid social and environmental changes. In this article, we investigate the governance policies that focus on resilience. Our analysis is built on a stylized dynamical model that mathematically operationalizes a widely used conceptual framework, which links social components, natural resources, and infrastructure in social-ecological systems. Specifically, we numerically solve the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation to determine policies—in the form of investment in public...
Not too small to benefit society: insights into perceived cultural ecosystem services of mountain lakes in the European Alps
15. Januar 2022 Schirpke, U., Scolozzi, R., Tappeiner, U. Research
Although the importance of lakes for providing cultural ecosystem services (CES) is widely recognized, the integration of associated values and benefits in decision making is still underdeveloped. Therefore, this study aimed at collecting and analyzing people’s perceptions related to various CES of mountain lakes using an online questionnaire. We thereby distinguished societal values in terms of CES from individual experiences that contribute to subjective well-being and elicited perceived pressures reducing the quality of nature-based experiences. Based on 526 responses, our results...
Assessing the potential delivery of ecosystem services by farmlands under contrasting management intensities
15. Januar 2022 Buchadas, A., Moreira, F., McCracken, D., Santos, J., Lomba, A. Research
Farming systems under contrasting management practices can contribute differently to the delivery of bundles of ecosystem services (ES) in agricultural landscapes. Low intensity farming systems, such as High Nature Value farmlands, are expected to deliver a wider range of ES, whereas landscapes under more intensive management are expected to deliver mainly provisioning services. Understanding the management practices associated with desirable outcomes in terms of biodiversity and ES in agricultural landscapes is needed. Our research aimed to understand the links between the delivery of ES...
Perceived impacts of woody encroachment on ecosystem services in Hluhluwe, South Africa
15. Januar 2022 Luvuno, L., Biggs, R., Stevens, N., Esler, K. Research
Anticipating, avoiding, and managing disruptive environmental change such as regime shifts and the impacts it has on human well-being is a key sustainability challenge. Woody encroachment is a globally important example of a regime shift that occurs in savanna systems, where a large fraction of the world’s poor live. Woody encroachment is known to negatively impact a variety of ecosystem services, but few studies have investigated the impact of woody encroachment on local land users and their livelihoods. In this study, we conducted semi-structured interviews to determine how...
Patriotism, place, and provisioning: assessing cultural ecosystem services through longitudinal and historical studies in Vietnam
15. Januar 2022 McElwee, P., Vũ, H., V? , G., L?, D. Research
Cultural ecosystem services (CES) provide multiple benefits to people, including experiences, identities, and capabilities through both material and non-material means. There have been few studies of CES in Vietnam, despite a number of historical, religious, cultural, and customary traditions that have long influenced landscape values and management. We aim to identify a range of CES important to respondents in a study site in north-central Vietnam by providing a unique longitudinal view. Over a two-decade period, different ecosystem benefits have been obtained by local households, some of...
Hunting as land use: Understanding the spatial associations among hunting, agriculture, and forestry
06. Januar 2022 Neumann, W., Levers, C., Widemo, F., Singh, N. J., Cromsigt, J. P.G.M., Kuemmerle, T. Research
Hunting is a widespread but often overlooked land-use activity, providing major benefits to society. Hunting takes place in most landscapes, yet it remains unclear which types of landscapes foster or dampen hunting-related services, and how hunting relates to other land uses. A better understanding of these relationships is key for sustainable land-use planning that integrates wildlife management. This is particularly urgent for Europe, where wildlife populations are increasing. Focusing on Sweden, we explored the spatial associations among hunting, agriculture, and forestry to identify...
Double exposure to capitalist expansion and climatic change: a study of vulnerability on the Ghanaian coastal commodity frontier
06. Januar 2022 Nolan, C., Delabre, I., Menga, F., Goodman, M. K. Research
Jason Moore’s theory of the commodity frontier serves as a useful framework for demonstrating the social-ecological upheaval that occurs in the “frontier” spaces to which capitalism must expand in search of uncommodified, cheap nature. Work to date however has failed to consider how the impacts of frontier expansion interact with climate change despite the two phenomena being closely linked in both causes and effects, and largely impacting most severely upon rural communities in the Global South. We seek to address this gap with a focus on the coastal commodity frontier...
Place attachment and perceptions of land-use change: cultural ecosystem services impacts of eucalyptus plantation expansion in Ubajay, Entre Ríos, Argentina
22. Dezember 2021 Selfa, T., Marini, V., Abrams, J. B. Research
In recent decades, the landscape in northeastern Entre Ríos Province, Argentina has undergone significant changes because of the expansion of eucalyptus plantations. These plantations have generated perceived socioeconomic and environmental impacts and changes in ecosystem services in this traditionally agricultural region of the Argentine pampas. This study draws on the concept of sense of place as a cultural ecosystem service to explore residents’ perceptions of impacts from eucalyptus plantation expansion and to explain how place meanings can change in response to physical...
Shifting beach wrack composition in the SW Baltic Sea and its effect on beach use
22. Dezember 2021 Weinberger, F., Sundt, S., Staerck, N., Merk, C., Karez, R., Rehdanz, K. Research
Beach visitors rate beach quality in large part by its appearance. Removal of natural beach litter (called beach wrack) has, therefore, high priority for beach managers in coastal areas dependent on revenues from tourism. Focusing on the German Baltic Sea coast, the amount of beach wrack has increased by a factor of approximately 3.4 between 1977 and 2012/2013. At the same time, the composition of macrophyte communities underwent a severe change from late successional stages (eelgrass and bladder wrack) toward more ephemeral communities. Correspondingly, the contribution of bladder wrack...
Conservation and indigenous cultures: learning from the Yanadi community in the Eastern Ghats, India
21. Dezember 2021 Paul, D., Jones, S. Synthesis
Biodiversity conservation in the Global South is defined and implemented through multiple approaches and frameworks, but in most cases, there is little understanding or value for cultural ecosystem services (CES). CES remain a challenge to incorporate, not only because of their intangibility, but also because of multiple definitions and specificities that emerge from particular human–nature interactions. In India, CES literally and figuratively form a critical part of the social fabric of rural communities. Hence, there is an imperative to acknowledge CES broadly, but also more...
Evaluating determinants of social trust in water utilities: implications for building resilient water systems
17. Dezember 2021 Grupper, M. A., Sorice, M. G., Stern, M. J., Schreiber, M. E. Research
As global change increases the frequency and severity of drinking water threats, managers work toward building resilient water systems to adapt to these disturbances. A critical component of resilience is citizen trust in their water utilities. Trust in an institution is a function of individual’s calculation of their water utility’s capability and track record (rational determinants of trust), feeling that their utility shares values or has goodwill for them (affinitive determinants of trust), personal inclination to trust (dispositional determinants of trust), and belief that...
Barriers to incorporating ecosystem services in coastal conservation practice: the case of blue carbon
16. Dezember 2021 Strong, A. L., Ardoin, N. M. Research
Over the past decade, the ecosystem services frame has had a tremendous and increasing influence on environmental governance and decision making. Yet the ecosystem services governance literature reveals key tensions related to scale, stakeholder identification and engagement, knowledge of ecosystem services, and dissemination of the framework. Those challenges remain unresolved in policy makers’, nonprofit managers’, and even researchers’ understanding of how this emergent framework functions when put into practice. Understanding empirically the factors that influence...
Urban resilience thinking in practice: ensuring flows of benefit from green and blue infrastructure
16. Dezember 2021 Andersson, E., Borgstr?m, S., Haase, D., Langemeyer, J., Wolff, M., McPhearson, T. Insight
Present and future urbanization together with climate change and other uncertainties make urban quality of life a critical issue, and one that will need constant attention and deliberation. Across cities and contexts, urban ecosystems in the form of green and blue infrastructure, have the potential to contribute to human well-being as well as supporting biodiversity, and to do so under diverse conditions. However, the realization of this potential depends not only on the green and blue infrastructure itself, the well-being benefits are outcomes of the structures and processes of the entire...
Adaptive resilience of and through urban ecosystem services: a transdisciplinary approach to sustainability in Barcelona
15. Dezember 2021 De Luca, C., Langemeyer, J., Vaňo, S., Bar?, F., Andersson, E. Research
Ecosystem services (ES) from urban green and blue infrastructure (GBI) provide cities and their citizens with benefits necessary to cope with present and future sustainability challenges. Long-term comprehensive urban greening strategies, policies, and plans are thus central to the development of sustainable, liveable, and resilient cities. However, urban greening strategies are increasingly tailored to provide short-term benefits, overlooking the dynamic character of cities, which face both changes in the capacity of GBI to provide benefits (e.g., in the face of climate change) as well...
Social learning in conservation and natural resource management: taking a sociocultural perspective
15. Dezember 2021 Jadallah, C. C., Ballard, H. L. Synthesis
Involving multiple stakeholders in conservation and natural resource management through participatory and collaborative approaches has been lauded as having great potential for achieving healthy and resilient social-ecological systems. Within these approaches, social learning has come to be understood as a key process that can support resilient systems by fostering trust and mutual understanding between stakeholders, bringing diverse types of knowledge into management schemes, and increasing the adaptive capacity of social-ecological systems so they are better equipped to accommodate...
Climate change risks and adaptation options for Madagascar
15. Dezember 2021 Weiskopf, S. R., Cushing, J. A., Morelli, T., Myers, B. J. E. Synthesis
Climate change poses an increasing threat to achieving development goals and is often considered in development plans and project designs. However, there have been challenges in the effective implementation of those plans, particularly in the sustained engagement of the communities to undertake adaptive actions, but also due to insufficient scientific information to inform management decisions. Madagascar is a country rich in natural capital and biodiversity but with high levels of poverty, food insecurity, population growth, and exploitation of natural resources. The country faces...
Technology in support of nature-based solutions requires understanding everyday experiences
03. Dezember 2021 Li, J., Nassauer, J. Insight
Nature-based solutions that incorporate “smart” technologies to enhance ecosystem services delivery may change the way people experience urban nature in their everyday lives. We lay out a conceptual basis for considering such changes and their social impacts. Cities are increasingly recognized as complex social-ecological-technological systems in which sustainability and climate resilience require environmental function to be paired with innovative technology. Smart technologies for real-time monitoring and autonomous operation promise innovations in urban landscape management...
Land-use changes associated with large-scale land transactions in Ethiopia
26. November 2021 Williams, T. G., Trush, S. A., Sullivan, J. A., Liao, C., Chesterman, N., Agrawal, A., Guikema, S. D., Brown, D. G. Research
Large-scale land transactions (LSLTs) can precipitate dramatic changes in land systems. Ethiopia has experienced one of the largest amounts of LSLTs in Africa, yet their effects on local land systems are poorly understood. In this study, we quantify the direct and indirect land use and land cover (LULC) changes associated with LSLTs at eight socio-environmentally diverse sites in central and western Ethiopia. To estimate these effects, we employ a novel, two-stage counterfactual analysis. We first use a region-growing procedure to identify a “control” site with comparable...
State of Alaska's salmon and people: introduction to a special feature
26. November 2021 Westley, P. A. H., Black, J. C., Carothers, C., Ringer, D. Guest Editorial
Failing to plan is planning to fail: lessons learned from a small-scale scenario planning process with marginalized fishers from South Africa’s southern Cape
25. November 2021 Gammage, L. C., Jarre, A., Mather, C. Research
Scenario-planning, a management tool used for addressing challenges in complex and uncertain social-ecological systems (SES), offers a helpful way to facilitate responses to complex change by stakeholders at all scales of the SES. This is facilitated through imagining possible futures in pursuit of a pre-determined and common goal. Environmental variability, together with a failure to recognize the integrated nature of marine SES, are two drivers of change that have contributed to the depletion of ocean resources and stressed fishing communities, including in the southern Benguela system...