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Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability

Ecology & Society
A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
CBNRM, national parks, elites, and ethnography: a comment on (mis)representations
29. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
I respond to a recently published article in Ecology and Society, namely “Can the center hold? Boundary actors and marginality in a community-based natural resource management network” (Snorek and Bolger 2022). I provide additional information for three dimensions of this article: (1) historical context regarding the different and varied roots of contemporary marginalization of peoples along the !Khuiseb River, (2) the positioning and framing of the article in the context of Namibian community-based natural resources management (CBNRM), and (3) the authors’ representation of early...
Power research in adaptive water governance and beyond: a review
26. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Power dynamics are widely recognized as key contributors to poor outcomes of environmental governance broadly and specifically for adaptive water governance. Water governance processes are shifting, with increased emphasis on collaboration and learning. Understanding how power dynamics impact these processes in adaptive governance is hence critical to improve governance outcomes. Power dynamics in the context of adaptive water governance are complex and highly variable and so are power theories that offer potential explanations for poor governance outcomes. This study aimed to build an...
Commercial fisher perceptions illuminate a need for social justice considerations in navigating climate change impacts on fisheries systems
24. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Climate change will amplify stress on marine systems already challenged by conflicts and inequities relating to fisheries access, management decisions, and ocean uses across sectors. Understanding how those most connected to fisheries perceive the risks associated with climate change is critical to developing effective responses and establishing management priorities. Adaptation planning efforts may be hindered by perceptions of unequal or unfair distribution of resources and the processes in place to manage them. In contrast, adaptation planning that is more inclusive, transparent, and...
Editorial: High Nature Value farming systems in Europe
24. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Guest Editorial, part of a special feature on High Nature Value Farming Systems in Europe INTRODUCTION The high nature value (HNV) farming concept recognizes that many European habitats and landscapes considered important for biodiversity conservation depend on the continuation of specific farming systems. It has developed in three main phases over the past 30 years. […] The post Editorial: High Nature Value farming systems in Europe first appeared on Ecology & Society.
A ten-year community reporting database reveals rising coyote boldness and associated human concern in Edmonton, Canada
24. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
In cities throughout North America, sightings of coyotes (Canis latrans) have become common. Reports of human-coyote conflict are also rising, as is the public demand for proactive management to prevent negative human-coyote interactions. Effective and proactive management can be informed by the direct observations of community members, who can report their interactions with coyotes and describe the location, time, and context that led to their interactions. To better understand the circumstances that can predict human-coyote conflict, we used a web-based reporting system to collect 9134...
Biocultural homogenization in elementary education degree students from contrasting ecoregions of Chile
19. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Biocultural homogenization is a wicked problem that implies the loss of biological and cultural diversity at different scales. It is promoted by globalized one-dimensional ways of thinking that ignore the biophysical and cultural singularities of the heterogeneous regions of the planet. In Chile, we find ecoregions as diverse as the arid Norte Grande, the semi-arid Mediterranean Metropolitan region, and the temperate rainforests in the south. We studied the perceptions that elementary education degree students (EEDS) have regarding the flora and fauna (co-inhabitants), their environments...
The self in the mirror: fostering researchers’ reflexivity in transdisciplinary and transformative studies at the science-policy interface
17. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Reflexivity is a key expectation that researchers in transdisciplinary and transformative research for sustainable development need to meet. Its aim is to enable researchers to deal with normativity, to contribute to identifying and balancing different actors’ interests in processes of knowledge production, and to strengthen a pluralistic view of implicit assumptions. When designing and realizing transdisciplinary and transformative studies, researchers face a central question: How can we develop reflexive practices and live up to the demands of such work? Considering the important role...
Sustainability assessment in agriculture: emerging issues in voluntary sustainability standards and their governance
17. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Over the past two decades, voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) have emerged as instruments to improve social and environmental practices and to communicate sustainability standards in trade and business. However, debates about the correct assessment methodology for VSS risk causing duplication, overlaps, and fragmentation, undermining the value of VSS in sustainability transition. In this paper I propose materiality, theory of change and reflexive governance as the three building blocks of an appropriate framework for VSS and other sustainability assessment schemes in the food and...
The population ecology of sustainable agriculture knowledge networks: insights from California
15. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Sustainable agricultural knowledge networks consist of heterogeneous actors who collaborate and share knowledge to advance the goals of sustainable agriculture. We analyze how the structure of sustainable agriculture knowledge networks is related to the social-ecological context across 57 counties in California. We apply a population ecology approach that identifies variables related to the space, energy, and stability of the social-ecological context in which networks evolve. Using data from a 2016 survey of agricultural outreach and extension professionals, we find four different types...
Adaptive hope: a process for social environmental change
09. Mai 2023 Uncategorized
Future threats and ever-present uncertainty have become part of our social ecological reality. We need hope to respond to social ecological change, and our sense of hope must adapt to the changes we experience. Hope is known to contribute to resilience, be important for creating social change, and to instill a belief that better futures are possible. However, there are multiple expressions of hope that could be consolidated for navigating complex social ecological change. We propose adaptive hope as an integrative conceptualization for navigating change and connection in complex social...