Menü
Deutsch | English

Neue wissenschaftliche Aufsätze


Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
Toward understanding the long-term persistence of a local governance system among artisanal fishers in Chile
23. Juli 2021 Aburto, J. A., Stotz, W., Cundill, G., Tapia, C. Research
An important characteristic for the persistence of social-ecological systems (SESs) over time is the adaptation of local institutions to the dynamic of the resources on which they depend, especially when communities face resources with high spatial and temporal variability. Previous studies on Territorial User Rights for Fisheries (TURF) in Chile (?reas de Manejo y Explotaci?n de Recursos Bent?nicos, AMERB) showed that resources with high levels of variability, such as the highly valuable surf clam Mesodesma donacium, can have negative impacts on collective efforts among fishers to govern...
Understanding the local biodiversity and open space strategies in two South African cities
14. Juli 2021 Bux, Q., Anderson, P., O'Farrell, P. J. Research
South Africa is the third most biologically diverse country in the world. Urban living places pressure on this biodiversity and the ecosystem services that flow from it. Local governments are now internationally recognized as the level of government that is key to securing long-term global sustainability. The cities of Cape Town and Durban in South Africa have each developed their own biodiversity and open space conservation strategies to protect the remaining biodiversity within their municipal boundaries. Our aim was to explore the local biodiversity and open space conservation strategies...
Limited effectiveness of EU policies to conserve an endangered species in high nature value farmland in Romania
14. Juli 2021 Loos, J., Gallersd?rfer, J., Hartel, T., Dolek, M., Sutcliffe, L. Insight
Colias myrmidone is extinct in most European countries of its historic range, and few populations remain in Poland, Slovakia, and Romania. In Romania, this butterfly occurs in traditional farming landscapes of Transylvania dominated by high nature value (HNV) grassland. Parts of these landscapes were recently designated as Natura 2000 areas. In this article, we share insights from our engagement in these Natura 2000 areas, in which agricultural intensification as well as abandonment threaten the survival of Colias myrmidone. We unravel which factors hinder the effective conservation of...
Lessons for human survival in a world without ecological templates: what can we learn from small-scale societies?
14. Juli 2021 Kaaronen, R. O., Manninen, M. A., Roe, E., Hukkinen, J. I., Eronen, J. T. Synthesis
Historical records are incomplete templates for preparing for an uncertain future. The global utility of past ecological knowledge for present/future purposes is questioned as we move from Holocene to Anthropocene. To increase the adaptive capacity of today’s societies, generalizable strategies must be identified for coping with uncertainty over a wide range of conditions and contingencies. We identify two key principles that increase adaptive capacities: diversification and precautionary heuristics. These sharply contrast with the present global state represented by the global...
Advancing practical applications of resilience in Aotearoa-New Zealand
14. Juli 2021 Wither, D., Orchiston, C., Cradock-Henry, N. A., Nel, E. Research
Resilience is increasingly used to inform natural hazard risk management. From global to national to local levels of governance and decision making, resilience concepts are becoming institutionalized and operationalized in both public and private domains. However, as these ideas have shifted from their origins in ecology and been adopted by other disciplines, policy makers, and practitioners, key insights from the initial ecological conceptualization have been left behind. The resulting gap between resilience as originally theorized and its current implementation gives rise to several...
Food for thought—examining farmers' willingness to engage in conservation stewardship around a protected area in central India
29. Juni 2021 Puri, M., Pienaar, E. F., Karanth, K. K., Loiselle, B. A. Research
Although protected areas (PAs) have long been considered a successful conservation strategy, more recent research has highlighted their ecological and sociological limitations. The extant PA network is constrained by land availability and exacerbates cultural, political, and social conflicts over access to resources. Consequently, the importance of private lands in playing a complementary role in conservation is being widely recognized. Voluntary conservation programs that encourage private landowners to adopt biodiversity-friendly agricultural practices have emerged worldwide...
Parks in context: advancing citywide spatial quality assessments of urban green spaces using fine-scaled indicators
28. Juni 2021 Kraemer, R., Kabisch, N. Research
Urban green spaces have gained attention because of their increasing relevance to human well-being in the context of challenges related to urbanization and climate change. Detailed, systematic, citywide assessments of specific urban green space characteristics that provide a sufficient understanding of resident interactions with green spaces and respective ecosystem service flows are lacking. We chose the city of Leipzig, one of the fastest growing cities in Germany, as a case study to assess the quality of publicly available green spaces by incorporating spatial context as a key dimension...
Alaskan wild food harvester information needs and climate adaptation strategies
25. Juni 2021 Brown, C. L., Trainor, S. F., Knapp, C. N., Kettle, N. P. Research
Changing biophysical conditions due to amplified climate change in northern latitudes has significant implications for species’ habitat and populations and can dramatically alter interactions between harvesters and local resources. Tribal, regional, and state governments, federal agencies, and other local planning entities have begun documenting observations of changing harvest conditions and the information necessary for communities to adapt to shifting resource availability. We identify and evaluate what stakeholders are saying about wild foods in the context of climate change...
The “desire to have it all”: multiple priorities for urban gardens reduces space for native nature
23. Juni 2021 Elliot Noe, E., Clarkson, B. D., Stolte, O. Research
The majority of the world’s population now lives in cities, where reduced levels of native biodiversity, coupled with fewer opportunities for people to experience nature, are expected to result in an urban public increasingly disconnected from the natural environment. Residential gardens have great potential to both support native species and allow people daily contact with nature. Embracing the epistemological assumption that urban residents’ interactions with nature in their gardens and parks may be complex, unpredictable, contradictory, and context-dependent, we used an...
Social connectivity and adaptive capacity strategies in large-scale fisheries
23. Juni 2021 Rubio, I., Hileman, J., Ojea, E. Research
Large-scale fisheries are important social-ecological systems that are increasingly being threatened by global climate change. Adaptive capacity is key for moving fisheries onto climate resilient pathways, however, implementing policies to improve adaptive capacity is challenging given the many diverse stakeholders involved in fisheries. Previous research suggests social networks are integral to adaptive capacity because social connectivity can enable, or constrain, knowledge and information sharing. We examine the network of communication among stakeholders in the Basque tropical tuna...
Mobile phones and wrong numbers: how Maasai agro-pastoralists form and use accidental social ties in East Africa
23. Juni 2021 Baird, T. D., McCabe, J., Woodhouse, E., Rumas, I., Sankeni, S., Saitoti, G. Ole Research
Mobile phones are recognized as important new tools for rural development in the Global South, but few studies have examined how phones can shape social networks. This study documents a new type of social tie, enabled by mobile phones, that to our knowledge has not previously been discussed in academic literature. In 2018, we discovered that Maasai pastoralists in northern Tanzania create new social ties through wrong numbers, a phenomenon with implications for theory on social networks and path dependency. We used a mixed ethnographic and survey-based design to examine the following: (1...
Exploring social-ecological trade-offs in fisheries using a coupled food web and human behavior model
18. Juni 2021 Innes-Gold, A. A., Pavlowich, T., Heinichen, M., McManus, M., McNamee, J., Collie, J., Humphries, A. T. Research
Marine fisheries represent a social-ecological system driven by both complex ecological processes and human interactions. Ecosystem-based fisheries management requires an understanding of both the biological and social components, and management failure can occur when either are excluded. Despite the significance of both, most research has focused on characterizing biological uncertainty rather than on better understanding the impacts of human behavior because of the difficulty of incorporating human behavior into simulation models. In this study, we use the fisheries in Narragansett Bay...
Wayfinder: a new generation of resilience practice
18. Juni 2021 Enfors-Kautsky, E., J?rnberg, L., Quinlan, A., Ryan, P. Research
Here, we introduce Wayfinder, a novel conceptual framework and a process design for resilience practice. Framed by the Anthropocene argument, and with an explicit social-ecological system focus, the purpose of Wayfinder is to help users navigate toward trajectories of sustainable development. We present the theoretical perspectives that underpin the Wayfinder framework, which draw together and synthesize multiple strands of contemporary resilience thinking. We also describe how we operationalize this framework through an action-oriented process that is designed to facilitate transformative...
Governance in social-ecological agent-based models: a review
15. Juni 2021 Bourceret, A., Amblard, L., Mathias, J. Research
Analyzing governance is particularly important for understanding and managing social-ecological systems (SES). Governance systems influence interactions between actors and the ecological system and are in turn influenced by the changes that occur in the actors’ and ecological systems. Agent-based models (ABM) are well adapted for studying SES, for exploring interactions and the resulting collective behavior and for predicting the results of management processes. Considering the potential of ABM to analyze SES, we performed a literature review of the modeling of governance in ABM of...
Navigating wicked water governance in the "solutionscape" of science, policy, practice, and participation
14. Juni 2021 Fallon, A. L., Lankford, B. A., Weston, D. Synthesis
Many water sustainability and governance issues around the world can be viewed as wicked problems, whereby a solution, even if quite broad and comprehensive, may be contested because of high complexity, uncertainty, and diverging perspectives. These types of issues and their contestation thus create a complex landscape of possible solutions, which we term a water governance “solutionscape.” We develop the concept of the solutionscape to identify different types of solutions that present themselves through the emphases placed upon four major dimensions: science, policy, practice...
The thorny path toward greening: unintended consequences, trade-offs, and constraints in green and blue infrastructure planning, implementation, and management
10. Juni 2021 Kronenberg, J., Andersson, E., Barton, D. N., Borgstr?m, S. T., Langemeyer, J., Bj?rklund, T., Haase, D., Kennedy, C., Koprowska, K., Łaszkiewicz, E., McPhearson, T., Stange, E. E., Wolff, M. Research
Urban green and blue space interventions may bring about unintended consequences, involving trade-offs between the different land uses, and indeed, between the needs of different urban inhabitants, land users, and owners. Such trade-offs include choices between green/blue and non-green/blue projects, between broader land sparing vs. land sharing patterns, between satisfying the needs of the different inhabitants, but also between different ways of arranging the green and blue spaces. We analyze investment and planning initiatives in six case-study cities related to green and blue...
A context-sensitive systems approach for understanding and enabling ecosystem service realization in cities
10. Juni 2021 Andersson, E., Borgstr?m, S., Haase, D., Langemeyer, J., Mascarenhas, A., McPhearson, T., Wolff, M., Łaszkiewicz, E., Kronenberg, J., Barton, D. N., Herreros-Cantis, P. Insight
Understanding opportunities as well as constraints for people to benefit from and take care of urban nature is an important step toward more sustainable cities. In order to explore, engage, and enable strategies to improve urban quality of life, we combine a social-ecological-technological systems framework with a flexible methodological approach to urban studies. The framework focuses on context dependencies in the flow and distribution of ecosystem service benefits within cities. The shared conceptual system framework supports a clear positioning of individual cases and integration...
Tightly coupled policies and loosely coupled networks in the governing of flood risk mitigation in municipal administrations
07. Juni 2021 Becker, P. Research
Flood risk is a complex and transboundary issue that is expected to escalate with climate change and requires to be governed by collaborative networks of actors. Municipal administrations have been suggested to have a particularly important and challenging role in such governance. Although collaborative governance has attracted intense scientific attention, empirical studies generally focus either on the macro-level institutions per se, or on the meso-level interaction between organizations, without corresponding attention to the micro-level interactions between the individual actors...
Shade coffee and amphibian conservation, a sustainable way forward? Understanding the perceptions and management strategies of coffee growers in Colombia
07. Juni 2021 Roach, N. S., Acosta, D., Lacher, Jr., T. E. Research
Understanding the perceptions and management practices of local land users is critical to improve conservation programs and sustainable outcomes. Colombia, one of the most megadiverse countries in the world, is also the third largest global producer of coffee. Cafeteros (rural coffee farmers) produce the majority of Colombian coffee. The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM), Colombia, is an isolated mountain on the Caribbean coast and one of the world’s most biodiverse regions. Coffee grows in agroforestry matrices alongside high levels of endemic amphibians. Our goal was to...
Does experimentally quieting traffic noise benefit people and birds?
04. Juni 2021 Levenhagen, M. J., Miller, Z. D., Petrelli, A. R., Ferguson, L. A., Shr, Y., Taff, B., Fristrup, K. M., McClure, C. J.W., Burson, S., Giamellaro, M., Newman, P., Francis, C. D., Barber, J. R. Research
Protected natural areas are not free from noise, especially noise generated by traffic within park boundaries. Natural soundscapes are important for maintaining community structure, providing positive visitor experiences, and increasing visitor support for management actions that reduce impacts on natural resources. To test experimental quieting as a strategy to increase both wildlife habitat quality and visitor experience, we enforced decreased speed limits and presented educational signage to reduce sound levels along a road system in an alternating, on–off block design within...