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Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability

Ecology & Society
A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
A new adaptive cycle for Ecology and Society
20. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
Editorial Ecology and Society was launched 25 years ago as a result of C.S. (Buzz) Holling’s vision for a new type of journal, one that was free to read, inexpensive to publish in, interdisciplinary, web-based, and encouraged novel thinking and grounded speculation. When Buzz eventually stepped down as Editor-in-Chief (EIC), Ecology and Society was able […]
Ecosystem Connectivity for Livable Cities: a Connectivity Benefits Framework for Urban Planning
16. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
Urbanization disrupts landscapes and ecosystem functions, which poses threats to biodiversity, social systems, and human health, particularly among vulnerable populations. Urban land-use planners are faced with competing demands for housing, safety, transportation, and economic development and often lack tools to integrate these with protecting environmental functions. We identify three major barriers to integrating the benefits that flow with connected, functioning ecosystems into land-use planning. The lack of a shared language among planners and stakeholders poses a barrier to the...
Challenges to incorporating social and economic factors into cumulative effects assessments in Canada’s marine conservation areas
16. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
The cumulative effects of human stressors are threatening marine ecosystems. While spatial management tools such as marine conservation areas can help mitigate cumulative effects, several decision-making challenges remain. A limited availability of information and lack of knowledge, inconsistent management approaches, and ineffective consideration of social-ecological interactions hinders current cumulative effects assessment and management efforts. We examined if and how ocean managers assess cumulative effects and incorporate them into their management practices. A survey of the three...
Returning ecological wealth to nonhuman species through design: the case for ecosystemas
16. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
Human population and energy use have increased rapidly in recent centuries. This growth has relied on Homo sapiens appropriating ecosystem services previously shared more equitably with many other species. Envisioning this process as a transfer of ecological wealth among species provides a framework within which to examine human activities. We use this framework to critique the broad endeavor of design, and in particular human-computer interaction design, as it has been pursued by human civilization over the past several decades. We offer a conceptual tool, the ecosystema, that may help...
Social-environmental index: combining social and biophysical indicators reveals limits to growth
16. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
The negative impact of the dominant socioeconomic paradigm on the biosphere, on the climate, and on societies themselves is acute. Yet, the success of countries is measured by indicators known to be limited because they target a socially attractive but environmentally unsustainable model of society. A myriad of indicators have been proposed to address this lack of relevant measurements that assess the real social achievements of countries. At the same time, the impacts of human societies on life and climate have become increasingly well monitored and have shown the ecological deadlock of...
Socioeconomic determinants of mangrove exploitation and management in the Pangani River Estuary, Tanzania
15. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
Mangrove forests in Tanzania are gazetted as state forest reserves, implying that exploitation is controlled by the state. However, their continued degradation and loss is largely associated to the inadequate enforcement of management measures against uncontrolled extractive exploitation to support local livelihoods. Local management institutions are therefore advocated to enhance mangrove conservation. This study explored socioeconomic determinants of exploitation patterns and management of mangroves in the Pangani River Estuary, using two coastal communities (Bweni and Pangani Magharibi...
Simulating wildlife habitat dynamics over the next century to help inform best management strategies for biodiversity in the Lake Tahoe Basin, California
04. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
Many forests of the western United States have undergone over one hundred years of anthropogenic impacts that have led to increased tree density, homogenization in forest structure, and accumulation of woody material, which combined with a changing climate pose threats to valued social and ecological features. In California, recent waves of tree mortality and unprecedented large and destructive fires have led to rising concerns about the impact of these disturbances on biodiversity and how forest management actions can mitigate negative impacts. To better understand the degree to which...
Evolving adaptive governance: challenging assumptions through an examination of fisheries law in Solomon Islands
04. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
Unprecedented, rapid social-ecological change threatens marine ecosystems and the livelihoods of communities who depend on them. Governance scholars have identified adaptive governance principles that enable managers and decision makers to respond flexibly to such change. However, much of this work is the result of case studies undertaken in the Global North, primarily in democratic countries. Despite this research bias, governance actors (e.g., government officials, nongovernmental organization professionals) in countries with other types of governing systems are increasingly applying...
Social adaptive responses to a harsh and unpredictable environment: insights from a pre-Hispanic andean society
04. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
The scarcity or unpredictability of natural resources is a threat to cooperation within human societies. Exacerbated competition between individuals could affect social cohesion and collective action, generate conflicts over natural resources, and compromise their sustainable use. Yet, our in-depth archaeological study of the arid Andean highlands of Bolivia reveals the sustainable development of a complex agrarian society in a harsh environment marked, moreover, by a prolonged climatic degradation from the 13th to the 15th centuries. The 49 community settlements studied comprised...
Water rights for groundwater environments as an enabling condition for adaptive water governance
04. Juni 2022 Uncategorized
Despite now widespread scholarly scientific acknowledgement of the ecological importance of groundwater, progress on protecting groundwater-dependent ecosystems (GDEs) in practice has been slow. Extending the legal concept of environmental water rights from the surface water context to groundwater may help to accelerate protections and to promote adaptive water governance, particularly when combined with regulatory rules. Although some groundwater law frameworks have developed regulatory rules to protect GDEs that mirror those for surface water, they have yet to develop frameworks to...