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Ecology and Society 

A journal of integrative science for resilience and sustainability
Ecology and Society Current Table of Contents
The twenty most current aticles published.
Land use planning in the Amazon basin: challenges from resilience thinking
20. Januar 2020 Ruiz Agudelo, C. A., Mazzeo, N., D?az, I., Barral, M. P., Pi?eiro, G., Gadino, I., Roche, I., Acu?a-Posada, R. Insight
Amazonia is under threat. Biodiversity and redundancy loss in the Amazon biome severely limits the long-term provision of key ecosystem services in diverse spatial scales (local, regional, and global). Resilience thinking attempts to understand the mechanisms that ensure a system’s capacity to recover in the face of external pressures, trauma, or disturbances, as well as changes in its internal dynamics. Resilience thinking also promotes relevant transformations of system configurations considered adverse or nonsustainable, and therefore proposes the simultaneous analysis of the...
Thinking outside the plot: monitoring forest biodiversity for social-ecological research
20. Januar 2020 Salk, C. F., Chazdon, R., Waiswa, D. Research
Protecting biodiversity, either for its own sake or for its value to humanity, is a principal goal of conservation efforts worldwide. For this reason, many studies on the social science of resource management and governance seek to quantify biodiversity outcomes. Here, we focus on the International Forestry Resources and Institutions program to demonstrate some of the challenges of quantitative biodiversity assessment and suggest ways to overcome them. One of this program’s research goals is to understand the causes of biodiversity loss, which is explicitly assessed using plot-based...
The social component of social-ecological research: moving from the periphery to the center
16. Januar 2020 Castillo, A., Bullen-Aguiar, A., Pe?a-Mondrag?n, J., Guti?rrez-Serrano, N. Georgina Insight
Social-ecological research is an interdisciplinary endeavor. According to its research purposes, it includes biophysical aspects as well as political, economic, and cultural elements. However, to ensure that the analysis of social processes is effectively attended, it is recommended that biophysical scientists, ecologists in particular, explore the theoretical diversity within the social sciences. Drawing on our teaching experiences of more than a decade and our work as members of research teams that aim to move toward interdisciplinary work, we briefly explore four schools of thought in...
Agricultural abandonment and resilience in a Mediterranean periurban traditional agroecosystem: a landscape approach
16. Januar 2020 Vall?s-Planells, M., Galiana, F., D?ez Torrijos, I. Research
Traditional cultural landscapes are experiencing strong changes. Abandonment is one of the most significant processes, especially since the last decades of the 20th century. From a resilience approach, it is believed that the preservation of these landscapes depends on their capacity to adapt to new challenges without altering their essential characteristics. Here, we assess the resilience of a traditional periurban agricultural landscape, Huerta de Valencia during the period 2008–2013, and use landscape character areas (LCAs) to allow a more comprehensive understanding of the...
Coerced regimes: management challenges in the Anthropocene
16. Januar 2020 Angeler, D. G., Chaffin, B. C., Sundstrom, S. M., Garmestani, A., Pope, K. L., Uden, D. R., Twidwell, D., Allen, C. R. Insight
Management frequently creates system conditions that poorly mimic the conditions of a desirable self-organizing regime. Such management is ubiquitous across complex systems of people and nature and will likely intensify as these systems face rapid change. However, it is highly uncertain whether the costs (unintended consequences, including negative side effects) of management but also social dynamics can eventually outweigh benefits in the long term. We introduce the term “coerced regime” to conceptualize this management form and tie it into resilience theory. The concept...
Indigenous and local knowledge in sustainability transformations research: a literature review
16. Januar 2020 Lam, D., Hinz, E., Lang, D. J., Teng?, M., Wehrden, H. von, Mart?n-L?pez, B. Research
Scholars, politicians, practitioners, and civil society increasingly call for sustainability transformations to cope with urgent social and environmental challenges. In sustainability transformations research, understandings of transformations are often dominated by Western scientific knowledge. Through a systematic literature review, we investigated how indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) is represented in peer-reviewed empirical scientific papers that apply ILK in contexts of transformation, transition, and change. Our results show, first, that all papers applied ILK to confirm and...
Discourse, agency, and social license to operate in New Zealand’s marine economy
16. Januar 2020 Newton, M. J., Farrelly, T. A., Sinner, J. Research
The construction of discourse through choice of wording and sentence structure can affect power relations between people and groups. Social license to operate (SLO), broadly defined as the public’s acceptance or approval of a company and its operations, is an emergent concept in New Zealand’s marine economy. The way the public discourse around SLO is constructed and communicated can empower some at the expense of others, whether deliberately or inadvertently. This study employed critical discourse analysis to investigate how SLO is used in public documents relating to...
Integrating hunter knowledge with community-based conservation in the Pamir Region of Tajikistan
16. Januar 2020 Shokirov, Q., Backhaus, N. Research
Indigenous hunting communities around the world possess capabilities to accumulate and maintain knowledge based on their traditional practices, cultural norms, and belief systems. Case studies around the world have demonstrated that merging indigenous hunting knowledge with community-based conservation approaches is often complementary to biodiversity conservation. A combination of such approaches improves wildlife conservation practices and livelihood strategies while enhancing communities’ social-ecological resilience. However, if mismanaged, such approaches lead to negative results...
Remembering Buzz Holling
21. Dezember 2019 Gunderson, L., Folke, C., Janssen, M. A. Editorial
Cross-cultural analysis of the ecological behavior of Chilean and Spanish ecotourists: a structural model
20. Dezember 2019 Lorenzo-Romero, C., Alarc?n-del-Amo, M., Crespo-Jare?o, J. Research
Citizen concern for the environment in light of problems such as freshwater shortages, deforestation, and climate change has been steadily increasing in postmodern societies since the mid-20th century. Ecotourists and their proenvironmental or proecological behavior are still areas of opportunity for research in order to understand the factors, whether economic, cultural, social, demographic, or psychographic, that determine this behavior. This research uses the value-belief-norm (VBN) theory and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to analyze the intention to practice ecotourism among...
Surprise ecologies: case studies on temporal vulnerability in four North American floodplains
19. Dezember 2019 De Vries, D. H. Research
When hazards, such as floods, are collectively experienced as “surprising”, this heightens the shock experience and likelihood of disaster, and exacerbates its impact. I outline how such collective surprises can be seen as the outcome of a dynamic condition of vulnerability that revolves around how humans construct expectations about future risks. This “temporal vulnerability” is determined largely by the experience of dynamic processes through time, or temporality. This paper is based on ethnohistorical data collection in four U.S. floodplains (California...
Testing for consensus on Kyrgyz rangelands: local perceptions in Naryn oblast
19. Dezember 2019 Levine, J., Isaeva, A., Zerriffi, H., Eddy, I. M. S., Foggin, M., Gergel, S. E., Hagerman, S. M. Research
Consensus on the state of rangelands is often elusive. This is especially true in the primarily agropastoral former Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan. Some argue Kyrgyz rangeland is being rapidly degraded by overgrazing. However, poor data and climatic changes confound this assessment. Thus there is contention amongst researchers, state officials, and local agropastoralists about the etiology and appropriate degree of concern regarding changes in flora and landscape patterns. This lack of consensus makes pasture management difficult for local elected managers. In this study, we use audiovisual...
Sea cucumbers in a pickle: the economic geography of the serial exploitation of sea cucumbers
19. Dezember 2019 Rawson, K., Hoagland, P. Research
Serial exploitation comprises a pattern of the human exploitation of wild harvest fisheries, where previously untapped species or locations come under exploitation over both space and time. Unless managed sustainably, serial exploitation can lead to serial depletion of local fisheries, thereby adversely affecting local ecosystems, economies, and communities. Serial depletion is an archetypal problem of the Anthropocene, as its occurrence depends on trade linkages between consumers in one location and suppliers from sometimes geographically very distant fisheries. Invertebrates, especially...
The role of place meanings in opposition to water-related infrastructure projects: the case of the Mactaquac Dam, New Brunswick, Canada
13. Dezember 2019 Reilly, K. H., Adamowski, J. F., John, K. Research
Place attachment is often associated with opposition to infrastructure projects that change the characteristics of locations, including dam construction and removal. It has been suggested that in circumstances in which a project’s perceived impacts are compatible with prevailing tangible place meanings, projects can be accepted even where local place attachment is strong. Here, we focus on the role of intangible place meanings in opposition to and acceptance of the potential removal of the Mactaquac Dam in New Brunswick, Canada. Based on interviews with 32 local stakeholders, we...
Forces opposing sustainability transformations: institutionalization of ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management
13. Dezember 2019 Fortnam, M. P. Research
Moving toward new ways of governing ecosystems in varied contexts worldwide is likely to be a critical part of achieving the global Sustainable Development Goals, yet understanding of the tensions between forces driving and opposing such sustainability transformations is very limited. Here, I shed light on this critical research and policy domain by applying participatory actor and influence mapping (Net-Map) and innovation histories methods to understand the power relations and social processes involved in enabling and blocking the institutionalization of an ecosystem approach to...
Collaborative stewardship in multifunctional landscapes: toward relational, pluralistic approaches
09. Dezember 2019 Cockburn, J., Cundill, G., Shackleton, S., Rouget, M., Zwinkels, M., Cornelius, S., Metcalfe, L., Van den Broeck, D. Research
Landscape stewardship offers a means to put social-ecological approaches to stewardship into practice. The growing interest in landscape stewardship has led to a focus on multistakeholder collaboration. Although there is a significant body of literature on collaborative management and governance of natural resources, the particular challenges posed by multifunctional landscapes, in which there are often contested interests, require closer attention. We present a case study from South Africa to investigate how collaborative stewardship can be fostered in contested multifunctional landscapes...
How does nature contribute to human mobility? A conceptual framework and qualitative analysis
04. Dezember 2019 Wiederkehr, C., Schr?ter, M., Adams, H., Seppelt, R., Hermans, K. Synthesis
Different types of mobility are known as longstanding strategies used by humans to deal with environmental pressure. Immobility is relevant in this context as population groups may be at considerable risk but lacking the capacity or willingness to move. Despite significant advances in this research field, grasping especially the subjective dimension of people’s migration decision remains challenging. Moreover, the conceptualization of cultural factors in this context has received rather marginal attention thus far. In light of this, we propose a framework that integrates the novel...
Archetyping shared socioeconomic pathways across scales: an application to central Asia and European case studies
04. Dezember 2019 Pedde, S., Kok, K., H?lscher, K., Oberlack, C., Harrison, P. A., Leemans, R. Research
The complex interactions of drivers represented in scenarios and climate change impacts across scales have led to the development of multiscale scenarios. Since the recent development of global shared socioeconomic pathways (SSPs), which have started being downscaled to lower scales, the potential of scenarios to be relevant for decision making and facilitate appreciation and inclusion of different perspectives has been increasing, compared with a single-scale global scenario set. However, in practice, quantitative downscaling of global scenarios results in narratives that are compressed...
Temporal dimensions of reported life satisfaction in a low-income, agricultural environment
04. Dezember 2019 Adams, H., Bell, A., Tamal, M. Research
Improving quality of life of farmers in rapidly changing rural economies remains a challenge. In low income settings, agricultural lean seasons lead to a fall in consumption and nutrition that affect longer term well-being trajectories. However, human well-being goes beyond material wealth, and increasingly subjective well-being is measured to reflect whether personal objectives are being met across a range of life domains. However, resource constraints mean surveys are usually carried out once a year, or at most, once a season. Here, we investigate whether life satisfaction reported...
Expert views on strategies to increase water resilience: evidence from a global survey
04. Dezember 2019 Rodina, L., Chan, K. M.A. Research
Scholars and policy-makers are advocating for increasing the resilience of water systems, both social and biophysical, to climate change impacts, and global environmental change more broadly. But what is “water resilience,” and what does it imply for water resources management and water governance? Generally, water resilience may include ecological aspects of water quality or flood mitigation, engineered infrastructure to ensure safe and reliable water supply and to mitigate floods, and the socially inclusive and equitable governance of these systems. Following this, our goal...