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Environmental Management 

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Correction to: How to learn lessons from field experience in forest landscape restoration: a tentative framework
01. Dezember 2020
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Shrub Encroachment Following Wetland Creation in Mixedgrass Prairie Alters Grassland Vegetation and Soil
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract Wetland decline under post-European settlement and land use change across western Canada has led to mitigation strategies, including wetland creation. Created wetlands can trigger environmental change, including woody species encroachment, in turn altering vegetation and soil. We quantify changes in shrub abundance from prior to wetland creation (1949) until 60 years later (2012) within a Mixedgrass ecosystem of the Verger watershed in Alberta, Canada. In addition, we compare remaining grassland with areas colonized by shrubland on similar ecosites for...
Beliefs in Conflict: The Management of Teno Atlantic Salmon in the Sámi Homeland in Finland
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract The subarctic Teno River is one of the most significant spawning rivers for Atlantic salmon in Europe. In 2009, research indicated that the Teno salmon stock was in a weak state, and concern about the future of Atlantic salmon in the Teno River arose on both sides of the river, in Finland and Norway. In 2017, the governments ratified the new Teno fishing agreement (Teno Fishing Act 2017). The agreement aimed to reduce the fishing volume by 30%, and the new regulations concerned all users, including the indigenous Sámi, other locals, tourists, and fishing...
Green Credit, Financial Constraint, and Capital Investment: Evidence from China’s Energy-intensive Enterprises
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract The green credit policy is an important green financial tool that can achieve the win–win scenario with economic development and environmental protection through the reasonable allocation of credit resources. Using the green credit guidelines (GCGs) in China as a quasi-natural experiment, this study explored the impacts of the green credit policy on the capital investment of energy-intensive enterprises in a difference-in-differences framework and established the mediation effect model to analyze the mechanisms. The empirical results showed that the capital...
The Evolution of Policy Instruments for Air Pollution Control in China: A Content Analysis of Policy Documents from 1973 to 2016
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract China’s portfolio of air-pollution control policy instruments has gradually broadened since the 1970s from regulatory instruments to include numerous market-based and voluntary policy instruments. We demonstrate this broadened portfolio of policy instruments for air-pollution control with a computer-assisted content analysis of 148 central-level policy documents from 1973 to 2016. We identify 20 types of policy instruments in these documents, and analyze such things as their historical evolution, main subjects, frequency of use, and whether they were issued...
Use of Local Ecological Knowledge to Detect Declines in Mammal Abundance in Kogyae Strict Nature Reserve, Ghana
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract The scarcity of environmental data means that other sources of information are needed to complement empirical evidence for conservation decisions. We, therefore, aimed to explore Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) on mammal abundance and qualitative population trends through interviews from 331 local people in and around Kogyae Strict Nature Reserve, Ghana. The results show that 62% of the respondents perceived that mammal abundances had decreased, 31% perceived stability, and 8% perceived that mammals had increased between 2006 and 2017. The respondents...
Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution in Soil and Classification of Pollution Risk Management and Control Zones in the Industrial Developed City
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract Soil heavy metal pollution threatens ecological health and food security. It is significant to classify pollution risk management and control zones, which can effectively cope with soil pollution and scientifically carry out soil remediation projects. In this study, based on 665 soil samples collecting from Ningbo (southeast China), single pollution index and Nemerow composite pollution index (NCPI) were measured to assess soil pollution risk, and self-organization mapping model was applied to classify management and control zones. Results showed that the heavy...
Decision-Support Tools Used in the Baltic Sea Area: Performance and End-User Preferences
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract Decision-support tools (DSTs) synthesize complex information to assist environmental managers in the decision-making process. Here, we review DSTs applied in the Baltic Sea area, to investigate how well the ecosystem approach is reflected in them, how different environmental problems are covered, and how well the tools meet the needs of the end users. The DSTs were evaluated based on (i) a set of performance criteria, (ii) information on end user preferences, (iii) how end users had been involved in tool development, and (iv) what experiences developers/hosts...
Infectious Waste Management Strategy during COVID-19 Pandemic in Africa: an Integrated Decision-Making Framework for Selecting Sustainable Technologies
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract The emerging and underdeveloped countries in Africa face numerous difficulties managing infectious waste during the SARS-CoV-2 disease, known as the COVID-19 pandemic. Hence, the main aim of this paper is to help decision-makers in African countries to select the best available waste management strategy during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present research undertakes seamless assessment and prioritization of infectious solid waste (SW) and wastewater (WW) treatment technologies based on a criteria system involving four dimensions, i.e., environment-safety...
How to Learn Lessons from Field Experience in Forest Landscape Restoration: A Tentative Framework
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract Lesson learning from field implementation generates new knowledge that is particularly important in the context of recently developed approaches, processes and complex systems with limited history and much uncertainty. One such approach is forest landscape restoration (FLR). Although grounded in a number of disciplines (e.g., conservation biology, landscape ecology, restoration ecology), FLR has remained very fluid and molded to suit different stakeholders, from local to global. Today, many countries or organizations pledge to implement FLR. Global commitments...
Deforestation Trajectories on a Development Frontier in the Brazilian Amazon: 35 Years of Settlement Colonization, Policy and Economic Shifts, and Land Accumulation
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract We examine deforestation processes in Apuí, a deforestation hotspot in Brazil’s state of Amazonas and present processes of land-use change on this Amazonian development frontier. Settlement projects attract agents whose clearing reflects land accumulation and the economic importance of deforestation. We used a mixed-method approach in the Rio Juma Settlement to examine colonization and deforestation trajectories for 35 years at three scales of analysis: the entire landscape, cohorts of settlement lots divided by occupation periods, and lots grouped by...
Disputed Territories in Southeastern Brazil: Effects of the Serra da Bocaina National Park on Nearby Coastal Communities
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract The establishment of national parks in Brazil has been made based on a history of conflicts with local populations living within the limits or buffer zones of protected areas. These conflicts begin with disputes over territorial ownership. They affect local livelihoods, access to and use of space and natural resources, and create power asymmetries. In response to these conflicts, the Federal Conservation Agency has put forward norms that guarantee inclusive arenas for local people to take part in negotiations with park managers. In this study, environmental...
Improving Long-term Monitoring of Contaminated Groundwater at Sites where Attenuation-based Remedies are Deployed
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract This study presents an effective approach to tackle the challenge of long-term monitoring of contaminated groundwater sites where remediation leaves residual contamination in the subsurface. Traditional long-term monitoring of contaminated groundwater sites focuses on measuring contaminant concentrations and is applicable to sites where contaminant mass is removed or degraded to a level below the regulatory standard. The traditional approach is less effective at sites where risk from metals or radionuclides continues to exist in the subsurface after remedial...
People’s Knowledge and Risk Perceptions of Invasive Plants in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract Effective management of invasive plants conserves biodiversity values, reduces economic costs, and minimizes negative impacts on human health. Fostering people’s awareness of invasive plants is one of the most cost-effective approaches in preventing the spread and introduction of invasive plants. Therefore, this study aims to understand (1) people’s knowledge and risk perceptions, (2) associations between risk perceptions and demographics, and (3) people’s willingness to support current management strategies in the Metro Vancouver region, British Columbia...
Effect of Biochar on Cadmium Fractions in Some Polluted Saline and Sodic Soils
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract Soil contamination by heavy metals is becoming a serious environmental problem especially in saline and sodic soils and information on different fractions of metals is useful to predict their mobility and availability in soil. Addition of organic amendments, as an important technique to remediation of metals has been considered recently. Therefore, the effect of sugarcane bagasse-derived biochar on cadmium (Cd) fractions in saline, sodic, saline-sodic and normal soils were evaluated through an incubation experiment using sequential extraction. Treatments...
Migration, Remittance, and Adoption of Conservation Practices
01. Dezember 2020
Abstract Temporary migration and the resulting flow of fund in terms of remittance has been one of the major sources of financing in developing countries. However, little is known about the role of remittance receipt by households on the adoption of environmental-friendly practices in the agricultural production system. We use the three-stage least squares (3-SLS) regression method to analyze the data obtained from face-to-face interview surveys of 338 Nepali households to understand the impact of migration and remittance on the adoption of conservation practices. Our...
Social-psychological Determinants of the Implementation of Green Infrastructure for Residential Stormwater Management
23. November 2020
Abstract Climate change effects and increasing levels of imperviousness, cause many urban areas globally to experience larger rainfall runoff volumes that need to be managed to protect property and infrastructure, and avoid environmental pollution. Conventionally engineered, ‘grey’ stormwater infrastructure often is outdated and unable to control these increased runoff volumes. Green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) can complement grey infrastructure, but public land for its installation is limited. Consequently, municipalities often look to residential properties to...
Explore Regional PM2.5 Features and Compositions Causing Health Effects in Taiwan
17. November 2020
Abstract Chemical compositions of atmospheric fine particles like PM2.5 prove harmful to human health, particularly to cardiopulmonary functions. Multifaceted health effects of PM2.5 have raised broader, stronger concerns in recent years, calling for comprehensive environmental health-risk assessments to offer new insights into air-pollution control. However, there have been few studies adopting local air-quality-monitoring datasets or local coefficients related to PM2.5 health-risk assessment. This study aims to assess health effects caused by PM2.5 concentrations and...
Localism “Reimagined”: Building a Robust Localist Paradigm for Overcoming Emerging Conservation Challenges
17. November 2020
Abstract Governance gaps at both the federal and state level increasingly necessitate local action and remain a key driver of community-based solutions. A localist paradigm—encompassing models such as community-based management, citizen science, and cooperative research—offers a promising approach for bridging governance gaps by engaging citizens, co-producing knowledge, fostering trust, and developing innovative solutions to address complex conservation challenges. Yet, despite notable successes, significant barriers constrain widespread implementation of localist...
Evaluating British Columbia’s Municipally Owned Community Forest Corporations as Governance Structures
16. November 2020
Abstract The province of British Columbia, Canada, began its community forests (CF) program by permitting a range of governance structures, both to allow flexibility and to discover the most appropriate structures for this new forestry tenure. The majority of municipalities participating in this program elected to hold their CF tenure through a separate corporation or limited-liability partnership arrangement, sometimes jointly with Indigenous communities or other parties. We consider the strengths and vulnerabilities of the most common ownership and governance structure...