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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Automated aircraft tracking for park and landscape planning
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): J. Adam Beeco, Damon JoyceAbstractVisitors to parks and protected areas appreciate and expect the opportunity to experience natural sounds, and are bothered by human-caused noises that reduce this opportunity. One of the most pervasive sources of noise in parks is aircraft. In 2017, there were over 150,000 reported air tours over U.S. National Park Service (NPS) units, excluding all units in the state of Alaska. There are also international protected areas impacted by the noise from air tours. In most...
Personal and environmental drivers of resident participation in urban public woodland management – A longitudinal study
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Hanna Fors, Björn Wiström, Anders Busse NielsenAbstractWoodlands are a core component of urban green infrastructure in terms of both ecosystem service provision and areal cover, with particular relevance and potential for engaging citizens in co-management approaches. Despite widespread agreement on the importance of user participation, there is still a lack of comprehensive knowledge on the underlying drivers. Extending existing knowledge is important for efforts by local authorities to facilitate and...
Influence of visibility of wind farms on noise annoyance – A laboratory experiment with audio-visual simulations
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Beat Schäffer, Reto Pieren, Ulrike Wissen Hayek, Nadine Biver, Adrienne Grêt-RegameyAbstractNoise annoyance reactions in the population due to wind farms are related to visual as well as noise-related impacts of the farms. Improved understanding of these effects may support the planning of better accepted wind farms. Recently, tools for visualization and auralization of wind farms have been developed that allow mutually studying audio-visual effects on annoyance. The objective of this study was to...
Does mapping improve public participation? Exploring the pros and cons of using public participation GIS in urban planning practices
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Maarit Kahila-Tani, Marketta Kytta, Stan GeertmanAbstractWhile participatory urban and regional planning have become a widely accepted approach to enhance the democratic aims of community and urban development, challenges still remain. Planners lack the knowledge of usable tools to reach broader groups of participants, which can turn participation into a small-group elitist activity. Also, the quality and utilisation of the knowledge produced is problematic, the collected data remains invisible and...
Predictors of conservation value of Turkish cemeteries: A case study using orchids
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Viktor Löki, Attila Molnár V., Kristóf Süveges, Helmut Heimeier, Attila Takács, Timea Nagy, Réka Fekete, Ádám Lovas-Kiss, Karel C.A.J. Kreutz, Gábor Sramkó, Jácint TökölyiAbstractIn the face of worldwide habitat loss, the role of human-shaped habitats in conserving biodiversity is becoming increasingly important. Due to their special cultural role, cemeteries can preserve parts of the native vegetation when the surrounding landscape becomes degraded. However, these special refuges are...
To draw or to cross the line? The landscape architect as boundary spanner in Dutch river management
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Margo van den Brink, Jurian Edelenbos, Adri van den Brink, Stefan Verweij, Rudi van Etteger, Tim BusscherAbstractIn many Western countries, flood policy is transitioning from a focus on technical flood defence measures towards more holistic and integrated flood risk management approaches. In this article, we explore the boundary spanning role of landscape architects in integrated flood risk management projects. The central research question is: what are the boundary spanning activities and roles that...
Quantifying the effects of projected urban growth on connectivity among wetlands in the Great Plains (USA)
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Lucas J. Heintzman, Nancy E. McIntyreAbstractUrban wetlands often have prolonged hydroperiods relative to non-urban ones, so they may play an outsized, positive role for wildlife. Ecological studies of urban wetlands have typically focused on large metropolitan areas, but non-traditional urbanizing areas such as the towns of the Great Plains of North America are projected to experience land-use and climate changes that will alter connectivity among the freshwater wetlands along a continental-scale...
Retrospective and reconsideration: The first 25 years of the Steinitz framework for landscape architecture education and environmental design
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Leah M. HollsteinAbstractCarl Steinitz’ “Framework for Theory” is a valuable heuristic for organizing environmental design processes. Originally designed for use in the discipline of landscape architecture, it has diffused into related environmental design disciplines; its most prominent current use is in the multidisciplinary approach of geodesign. The framework has been used for academic and professional purposes and modified multiple times since it was first published in 1990. The framework has...
Ecosystem-based management revisited: Updating the concepts for urban forests
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): James W.N. Steenberg, Peter N. Duinker, Sophie A. NitoslawskiAbstractThe concept of ecosystem-based management (EBM) emerged from growing concern around adverse environmental impacts associated with resource management in the late twentieth century. Despite inconsistencies and ambiguities in both definition and implementation, the concept has seen considerable uptake in federal and provincial/state policies. More recently, municipal urban forest plans and programs have been making reference to EBM, yet...
Spatial and temporal patterns of public and private land protection within the Blue Ridge and Piedmont ecoregions of the eastern US
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Publication date: June 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 186Author(s): Iara Lacher, Thomas Akre, William J. Mcshea, Craig FergusAbstractProtected lands are an established method for conserving biodiversity and ecosystem services. Moreover, agencies and organizations are increasingly looking to private lands as places for new protected lands establishment. However, the effectiveness of protected lands in guarding against the loss of species or services can vary based on their coverage of habitat and species, management strategy, and their size and configuration across the...
Research Note: Garden-owner reported habitat heterogeneity predicts plant species richness in urban gardens
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Christopher Young, David Frey, Marco Moretti, Nicole BauerAbstractAmidst ongoing urbanization and increased research on urban greenspaces, the biodiversity level of these spaces is an important variable. Attaining biodiversity estimates by asking non-expert greenspace users to assess aspects of a greenspace has a number of advantages over expert assessments (costs, sample size etc.). This article discusses an approach to such a citizen-science assessment of plant species richness using reported garden...
Research note: The effect of stream restoration project attributes on property sale prices
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Noelwah R. Netusil, Maya Jarrad, Klaus MoeltnerAbstractAttributes of stream restoration projects, such as if restoration occurred in-stream or streamside, if the project site was purchased and permanently protected from development, or if there is public access, may affect the sale price of nearby properties. We use a repeat-sales model to estimate the effect of eight project attributes for 209 restoration projects in the Johnson Creek Watershed, Oregon. Estimated effects are found to vary by attribute...
Is recreation a landscape value?: Exploring underlying values in landscape values mapping
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Kelly Biedenweg, Katherine Williams, Lee Cerveny, Diane StyersAbstractLandscape values mapping (LVM) is a participatory process used to gather public input for park and forest management. Respondents assign landscape values or ecosystem benefits to places on a map using a typology that usually includes the value “recreation.” Whereas other landscape values in the typology reflect personal guiding principles and enduring beliefs, recreation represents a diverse set of human behaviors influenced by their...
Landscape aesthetic modelling using Bayesian networks: Conceptual framework and participatory indicator weighting
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Anthony Kerebel, Nancy Gélinas, Steve Déry, Brian Voigt, Alison MunsonAbstractLandscape aesthetics provides humans with health and social benefits contributing to overall well-being, thus representing a cultural ecosystem service. Landscape biophysical and social attributes create information that is interpreted as either beauty or blight by the mind of the beholder. The ARtificial Intelligence for Ecosystem Services (ARIES) modelling platform is quite suited to the landscape aesthetics paradigm, since it...
Examining pedestrian satisfaction in gated and open communities: An integration of gradient boosting decision trees and impact-asymmetry analysis
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Wei Dong, Xinyu Cao, Xinyi Wu, Yu DongAbstractThis study compares satisfaction with walkability of residents in gated and open communities in Harbin, China. The results of gradient boosting decision trees show that neighborhood attributes associated with satisfaction with walkability differ between gated and open communities. Neighborhood leisure activities, space, and street furniture are the most influential attributes for walkability in gated communities. Sidewalk quality, neighborhood safety, and...
Assessing vulnerability and threat from housing development to Conservation Opportunity Areas in State Wildlife Action Plans across the United States
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Sarah K. Carter, Shelley S. Maxted, Tara L.E. Bergeson, David P. Helmers, Lori Scott, Volker C. RadeloffAbstractTargeting conservation actions efficiently requires information on vulnerability of and threats to conservation targets, but such information is rarely included in conservation plans. In the U.S., recently updated State Wildlife Action Plans identify Conservation Opportunity Areas (COAs) selected by each state as priority areas for future action to conserve wildlife and habitats. The question is...
Persistence, loss and gain: Characterising mature green roof vegetation by functional composition
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Christine E. Thuring, Nigel P. DunnettAbstractLike any constructed ecosystem, the vegetation of extensive green roofs (EGRs) will change over time. Although this may influence the desired function and performance, little work has examined the floristic dynamism of EGRs over the long-term. Variations in species composition may be associated with original species (persistent or lost), colonisers (gained), or the effects of spatial heterogeneity. This paper reports on floristic variation of two unmanaged...
Evaluating the effects of turf-replacement programs in Los Angeles
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): Stephanie Pincetl, Thomas W. Gillespie, Diane E. Pataki, Erik Porse, Shenyue Jia, Erika Kidera, Nick Nobles, Janet Rodriguez, Dong-ah ChoiAbstractWater utilities incentivize turf replacement to promote water conservation, but the effects of such programs have received limited evaluations. In 2014, the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California (MWD) undertook an unprecedented investment to incentive turf replacement throughout Southern California in response to a serious Statewide drought. MWD...
Resident-led beautification of vacant lots that connects place to community
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): William P. Stewart, Paul H. Gobster, Alessandro Rigolon, John Strauser, Douglas A. Williams, Carena J. van RiperAbstractUrban vacancy is a pressing issue in many cities across the U.S. and globally. A variety of greening strategies have been proposed and implemented for repurposing vacant lots, and their success depends upon the extent to which greening goals address the social needs of residents. The primary contribution of this paper is to explore the relationship between place and community within the...
Human-health probabilistic risk assessment: the role of exposure factors in an urban garden scenario
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Publication date: May 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 185Author(s): F. Barrio-Parra, M. Izquierdo-Díaz, A. Dominguez-Castillo, R. Medina, E. De MiguelAbstractDespite the environmental, economic and social benefits of urban gardening, there are also potential threats to human health due to the possible enrichment of urban soils in anthropic contaminants. As of today, our knowledge about the influence of population characteristics and local habits of garden use on risk estimates is incomplete. This work studies the effect of the variability of local exposure factors on the...