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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Forest proximity and lowland mosaic increase robustness of tropical pollination networks in mixed fruit orchards
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Tuanjit Sritongchuay, Alice C. Hughes, Jane Memmott, Sara BumrungsriAbstractMore than 30% of global crop plants rely on pollinators to set fruit or seed. While several studies have documented the negative effects of habitat degradation and distance from natural habitats on pollinator diversity in tropical areas, such studies have focused on single crops in particular areas without examining entire plant-pollinator communities. Here, we compared the plant-pollinator network structure between mixed...
Effects of highways on bird distribution and soundscape diversity around Aldo Leopold’s shack in Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Maryam Ghadiri Khanaposhtani, Amandine Gasc, Dante Francomano, Luis J. Villanueva-Rivera, Jinha Jung, Michael J. Mossman, Bryan C. PijanowskiAbstractIn the 1940s, Aldo Leopold took extensive notes on birds and their sounds near his iconic shack in Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA. His observations, along with his land management techniques, helped frame his seminal book, A Sand County Almanac. After his death, two interstate highways were built near his property and subjected this historically significant area...
Differential cooling effects of landscape parameters in humid-subtropical urban parks
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Pui Kwan Cheung, C.Y. JimAbstractThermally comfortable urban parks can attract more visitors and promote the delivery of health benefits to citizens. High tree cover (TREE) and low sky view factor (SVF) are known to reduce air temperature and improve thermal comfort. However, the temperature effects of other landscape parameters are less clear, such as building volume ratio (BV), distance from sea (SEA), park area (AREA), pavement cover (PAVEMENT), road cover (ROAD), shrub cover (SHRUB), turf cover...
Prioritizing road defragmentation using graph-based tools
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Fernando Ascensão, Frederico Mestre, A. Márcia BarbosaAbstractRoads are a main cause of habitat fragmentation but mitigating the full road network is unfeasible. A key goal in the road mitigation planning process is to highlight, at the transportation network level, the most problematic roads, i.e. where mitigation measures are most required in order to maximize the benefits for biodiversity while keeping implementation costs as low as possible. Grounded on the concepts of habitat amount and...
Impervious surface and heterogeneity are opposite drivers to maintain bird richness in a Cerrado city
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Franco Leandro Souza, Francisco Valente-Neto, Francisco Severo-Neto, Berinaldo Bueno, José Manuel Ochoa-Quintero, Rudi Ricardo Laps, Fábio Bolzan, Fabio de Oliveira RoqueAbstractAssessing the influences of habitat structure on bird richness and functional groups can assist planning and management of urban conservation strategies. Here we analyzed how the urbanization of a city from central-west Brazil (Campo Grande) affects a Cerrado hotspot bird community by focusing on richness of bird feeding...
Effects of land-use change and prey abundance on the body condition of an obligate carnivore at the wildland-urban interface
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Courtney A.C. Coon, Bradley C. Nichols, Zara McDonald, David C. StonerAbstractLand-use change represents a primary driver of carnivore population declines, yet some large carnivore species have acclimated and persist within anthropogenically altered landscapes. Previous attention has been focused on the genetic and behavioral implications of land-use changes, but few studies have investigated how human development impacts animal physiology and health. Here we examined how body condition scores of a...
Effect of present and past landscape structures on the species richness and composition of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) in a dynamic landscape
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Meichun Duan, Yunhui Liu, Xiang Li, Panlong Wu, Wenhao Hu, Feng Zhang, Hongliang Shi, Zhenrong Yu, Jacques BaudryAbstractSpecies diversity may have time-lagged responses to landscape changes, but whether species are more strongly related to present or past landscape could vary with the taxa or functional traits. In this study, the effects of present and past landscape structures on carabid and spider communities were investigated. We hypothesized that present landscape structure was more highly...
Catalysing change? A critical exploration of the impacts of a community food initiative on people, place and prosperity
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Alan Farrier, Mark Dooris, Adrian MorleyAbstractUsing food to create edible landscapes, support inclusive community development and build sustainability and local resilience, Incredible Edible Todmorden [IET] is a place-based movement implementing its three ‘spinning plates’ model to develop and harness local community, business and learning assets. This paper reports on a mixed-methods study that used a Theory of Change workshop, interviews, focus groups and surveys to evaluate IET’s social...
Attributing drivers to spatio-temporal changes in tree density across a suburbanizing landscape since 1944
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Mitchell T. Bonney, Yuhong HeAbstractUrban expansion, especially suburbanization, represents a major social, economic and environmental shift that has escalated since the mid-1900s in North America. Suburban development leads to corresponding changes in the treed environment of urban-rural fringes. It is important to understand where, when and why trees change in response to development over many decades, but this is difficult since long-term data are scarce. We used 70+ years (1944–2017) of...
Reviewing the past, present and potential lizard faunas of New Zealand cities
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Christopher K. Woolley, Stephen Hartley, Rod A. Hitchmough, John G. Innes, Yolanda van Heezik, Deborah J. Wilson, Nicola J. NelsonAbstractCities and urban processes typically have a negative impact on biodiversity via land cover change, high rates of disturbance and high densities of pest species. Increasingly, however, people are being encouraged and empowered to reduce these impacts through urban restoration and backyard conservation initiatives. Internationally, lizards are a common feature of...
Urbanization induces bird color homogenization
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Lucas M. LeveauAbstractUrbanization acts as an environmental filter that allows bird species with certain ecological traits, such as a generalist diet and nesting on buildings, to occur in urban centers. However, its effect on other bird traits, such as plumage color, has still not been studied. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in plumage diversity and composition along urbanization gradients of three cities in central Argentina: Mar del Plata, Balcarce and Miramar. Bird surveys were made...
The effect of green space behaviour and per capita area in small urban green spaces on psychophysiological responses
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Wei Lin, Qibing Chen, Mingyan Jiang, Xiaoxia Zhang, Zongfang Liu, Jinying Tao, Linjia Wu, Shan Xu, Yushan Kang, Qiuyuan ZengAbstractResearch has shown that there is a close relationship between small urban green spaces and people’s physical and mental health. However, most previous studies focus on the macro-level, and there is a lack of empirical studies using real green spaces as the stimulus. The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of two key factors, namely, green space behaviour...
Mapping wilderness in China: Comparing and integrating Boolean and WLC approaches
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Yue Cao, Steve Carver, Rui YangAbstractWilderness protection is increasingly important in the era of the Sixth Extinction and the Anthropocene. Mapping environmental indicators along a continuum of human modification provides key information for wilderness protection. However, uncertainty may occur in identifying wilderness areas by reclassifying wilderness continuum maps. In this study, an approach integrating both Boolean overlay and Weighted Linear Combination (WLC) is used to identify discrete...
Shared landscapes increase condominium unit selling price in a high-density city
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Richard N. Belcher, Ester Suen, Sacha Menz, Thomas SchroepferAbstractHigh-density buildings can benefit city sustainability by reducing expansion into biodiverse and often public natural ecosystems, reducing travel-time to work-and-play and improving energy efficiency. However, city densification can also remove vegetation which provides ecosystem services that enhance resident's wellbeing. Some architects design shared landscapes on and around large-scale buildings which are excludable to the public...
Urbanization alters belowground invertebrate community structure in semi-arid regions: A comparison of lawns, biofilters and sage scrub
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Publication date: December 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 192Author(s): Baoming Ge, Andrew S. Mehring, Lisa A. LevinAbstractAs the proportion of the human population living in cities continues to increase, understanding the factors affecting urban biodiversity is crucial to enhancing conservation efforts, urban ecosystem function, and human wellbeing. Here we present the results of the first comparative study of belowground invertebrate communities in urban soils (lawns and biofilters) and remnant patches of native coastal sage scrub (CSS) in a semi-arid urban environment...
Landscape transition in Mediterranean islands: The case of Ionian islands, Greece 1985–2015
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Publication date: November 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 191Author(s): George Kefalas, Stamatis Kalogirou, Konstantinos Poirazidis, Roxanne Suzette LorillaAbstractMediterranean islands are heterogeneous and dynamic landscapes resulting from complex interactions between natural and anthropogenic processes that contribute to their high biodiversity, and aesthetic and cultural value. Such islands are considered susceptible to environmental changes that, in combination with intense human activities, could harm local ecosystems and the supply of important goods and services...
Accessibility to urban parks for elderly residents: Perspectives from mobile phone data
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Publication date: November 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 191Author(s): Sihui Guo, Ci Song, Tao Pei, Yaxi Liu, Ting Ma, Yunyan Du, Jie Chen, Zide Fan, Xianli Tang, Yong Peng, Yanbin WangAbstractMany countries are facing an aging population crisis, triggering major concerns over how to best provide services for older people. Parks are an important public service resource for older people living in urban areas. Due to the uneven geographic distribution of parks within a city, elderly people may have unequal access to this resource, based on their socioeconomic status. This...
Spatiotemporal dynamics of urban growth in Latin American cities: An analysis using nighttime light imagery
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Publication date: November 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 191Author(s): Juan C. Duque, Nancy Lozano-Gracia, Jorge E. Patino, Paula Restrepo, Wilson A. VelasquezAbstractThe impact of urban form on economic performance and quality of life has been widely recognized. Studies regarding urban form have focused on developed countries; only a small number of cities in developing countries have been studied. This paper utilizes nighttime light imagery and information regarding street networks, automatically retrieved from OpenStreetMap, to calculate a series of spatial metrics...
Sustainable Blue-Green Infrastructure: A social practice approach to understanding community preferences and stewardship
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Publication date: November 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 191Author(s): Jessica Lamond, Glyn EverettAbstractBlue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) is an approach to urban flood resilience, recognised globally and in international literature, that capitalises on the benefits of working with urban green-spaces and naturalised water-flows. Literature reveals BGI’s sustainable functioning and benefits-provision depend on the behaviour of those who use it, therefore local stewardship is often proposed to support maintenance. However, there is a gap in understanding the requirements...
Natural neighbourhood environments and the emotional health of urban New Zealand adolescents
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Publication date: November 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 191Author(s): Suzanne Mavoa, Mathijs Lucassen, Simon Denny, Jennifer Utter, Terryann Clark, Melody SmithAbstractNatural environments – green spaces, blue spaces (such as lakes, rivers and beaches), and biodiversity – have potential health benefits. However, there is lack of knowledge about the relationships between these environments and adolescent emotional health. Our study assessed the relationship between the natural environments of residential neighbourhoods and the emotional health of adolescents living...