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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 

ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Does happiness data say urban parks are worth it?
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Danya Kim, Jangik Jin Urban planners emphasize that urban nature plays an important role in providing social and psychological benefits to urban dwellers. Particularly, it provides space not only for the improvement of public health, but also for social interaction and community cohesion. However, less scientific attention has been paid to the effects of urban parks on the subjective well-being of urban dwellers who live in high density cities. In this study, we examine the relationship...
Factors shaping urban greenspace provision: A systematic review of the literature
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Chris Boulton, Aysin Dedekorkut-Howes, Jason Byrne Over the past two decades, there has been an efflorescence of park and greenspace research. This trend may reflect substantial increases in urban populations globally and concomitant pressures on land resources – including greenspace. But so far research has mainly tended to focus on demand rather than supply, and specifically the practice of provision – notwithstanding the body of literature studying disparities in greenspace access and...
Advantages of public green spaces in enhancing population health
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Takemi Sugiyama, Alison Carver, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Jenny Veitch Since the burden of chronic diseases is rising globally, there is an urgent need to develop population-level approaches to reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Neighborhood environments, where people spend much of their time, are relevant in this context because they can influence residents’ daily behaviors related to health. In particular, public green spaces (PGS) can confer health benefits through facilitating...
An evaluation of participatory mapping methods to assess urban park benefits
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Greg Brown, Jonathan Rhodes, Marie Dade Traditional urban park research has used self-reported surveys and activity logs to examine relationships between health benefits, park use, and park features. An alternative approach uses participating mapping methods. This study sought to validate and expand on previous participatory mapping research methods and findings and address spatial scaling by applying these methods to a large urban park system. Key challenges for spatial scaling included...
A parcel-based graph to match connectivity analysis with field action in agricultural landscapes: Is node removal a reliable method?
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Jean-Christophe Foltête Patch-based graphs are widely used to display and quantify landscape connectivity. They are specially relevant for decision support in land planning and biological conservation. Matching connectivity analyses with practical actions in agricultural landscapes involves considering management units rather than habitat patches. However, at a local scale, the classical method for prioritizing graph elements (node removal) using connectivity indexes such as delta IIC could be...
A landscape connectivity model to quantify contributions of heat sources and sinks in urban regions
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Ranhao Sun, Wei Xie, Liding Chen The effect of landscape configuration on urban temperatures is always an important issue in landscape planning and mitigation of urban heat islands. However, landscape indices used in previous studies did not focus on thermal processes. We proposed a landscape source-sink distance (LSSD) index used to quantify the landscape connectivity and investigate its contribution to variations in land surface temperature (LST) in Beijing. Monthly LST was derived from...
Enhancing conservation network design with graph-theory and a measure of protected area effectiveness: Refining wildlife corridors in Belize, Central America
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Maarten P.G. Hofman, Matthew W. Hayward, Marcella J. Kelly, Niko Balkenhol Maintaining connectivity among remaining natural areas has become increasingly important to ameliorate the negative effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on wildlife populations. Early corridor networks were based on structural connectivity (i.e. habitat structure) and designed to connect protected areas. In recent decades, many methods have been developed to increase the ecological realism of such corridor...
Household and block level influences on residential fertilizer use
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Amanda R. Carrico, Urooj S. Raja, Jim Fraser, Michael P. Vandenbergh Urban and suburban lawns make up a large share of land use in the US. Maintaining lawns to fulfill aesthetic norms has environmental consequences. In this analysis, we examine household decisions to apply nitrogen-containing lawn fertilizer. Using survey data of 298 households in Nashville, Tennessee, we first examine the prevalence of fertilizer use and the rate of annual nitrogen applied. We find that the resulting...
Urban core areas are important for species conservation: A European-level analysis of breeding bird species
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Jukka Jokimäki, Suhonen Jukka, Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki Marja-Liisa Natural habitats and species richness have decreased due to the urbanization. The main aim of this study was to determine whether heavily urbanized town centers can also harbor threatened bird species. Twenty-six threatened species nested in the most urbanized areas of European towns. Species-rich areas had a high number of threatened species, indicating that overall species richness could be used as a surrogate for the large...
Greenness and school-wide test scores are not always positively associated – A replication of “linking student performance in Massachusetts elementary schools with the ‘greenness’ of school...
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Matthew H.E.M. Browning, Ming Kuo, Sonya Sachdeva, Kangjae Lee, Lynne Westphal Recent studies find vegetation around schools correlates positively with student test scores. To test this relationship in schools with less green cover and more disadvantaged students, we replicated a leading study, using six years of NDVI-derived greenness data to predict school-level math and reading achievement in 404 Chicago public schools. A direct replication yielded highly mixed results with some...
Turning place into space – Place motivations and place spaces in Tasmania
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Jamie B. Kirkpatrick, Ted Lefroy, Andrew Harwood Strong attachments to places are important in understanding the politics of environmental planning, but, as in Tasmania, Australia, are not usually incorporated in planning criteria and standards. We determine whether groups of individuals have similar spatial patterns of attachment at a State scale in Tasmania, and whether attachments to these ‘place spaces’ are differently motivated, and socially or environmentally determined. We used...
A multi-city comparison of front and backyard differences in plant species diversity and nitrogen cycling in residential landscapes
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Dexter H. Locke, Meghan Avolio, Tara Trammel, Rinku Roy Chowdhury, J. Morgan Grove, John Rogan, Deborah G. Martin, Neil Bettez, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Peter M. Groffman, Sharon J. Hall, James B. Heffernan, Sarah E. Hobbie, Kelli L. Larson, Jennifer L. Morse, Christopher Neill, Laura A. Ogden, Jarlath P.M. O'Neil-Dunne, Diane Pataki, William D. Pearse, Colin Polsky, Megan M. Wheeler We hypothesize that lower public visibility of residential backyards...
Establishing street trees in stormwater control measures can double tree growth when extended waterlogging is avoided
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Vaughn Grey, Stephen J. Livesley, Tim D. Fletcher, Christopher Szota Cities around the world are embracing stormwater control measures (SCMs) to reduce the environmental damage caused by impervious runoff. At the same time, there is a push to increase tree canopy cover to green neighborhoods and mitigate urban heat. Establishing SCMs that include trees may achieve these two objectives, but it is important to understand which design characteristics promote or reduce tree health and growth...
Park characteristics preferred for adolescent park visitation and physical activity: A choice-based conjoint analysis using manipulated photographs
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Linde Van Hecke, Ariane Ghekiere, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Jenny Veitch, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Delfien Van Dyck, Peter Clarys, Nico Van De Weghe, Benedicte Deforche Adolescents should engage in 60 min of physical activity daily in order to obtain health benefits. Creating environments supportive for physical activity, could be a valuable strategy to increase physical activity at the population level. The purpose of this study was to understand the relative importance of park...
Natural burial as a land conservation tool in the US
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Christopher Coutts, Carlton Basmajian, Joseph Sehee, Sarah Kelty, Patrice C. Williams Natural burial (NB) is an ecologically-sensitive alternative to traditional burial in a lawn-park cemetery. NB can reduce or eliminate the use of resources and toxic byproducts, but NB may also be more environmentally sustainable due to its potential as a land conservation tool. We address the research question ‘How is natural burial being used as a tool for land conservation?’ by assessing...
Inequities in the quality of urban park systems: An environmental justice investigation of cities in the United States
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Alessandro Rigolon, Matthew Browning, Viniece Jennings A growing body of research shows affluent White neighborhoods have more acres of parks and more park facilities than low-income ethnic minority communities in many Global North cities. Most of these investigations focused on neighborhood-level differences and did not analyze broader inequities across cities. This is a particularly significant limitation in the U.S., where changes in the political economy of parks due to a reduced local...
Applying precision triaxial accelerometer to monitor branch sway of an urban tree in a tropical cyclone
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Louis S.H. Lee, C.Y. Jim Trees are invaluable to urban landscape and environmental quality. However, tree failure can jeopardize life and property. Although the sway behavior of many coniferous species in temperate forest has been comprehensively evaluated, few studies have covered broadleaf tropical trees. This research aims at demonstrating the application of a new precision triaxial accelerometer to assess branch sway of an urban tree in tropical Hong Kong, testing the use of quantitative...
The potential of local climate zones maps as a heat stress assessment tool, supported by simulated air temperature data
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Marie-Leen Verdonck, Matthias Demuzere, Hans Hooyberghs, Christoph Beck, Josef Cyrys, Alexandra Schneider, Robert Dewulf, Frieke Van Coillie High population densities in cities and rapid urban growth increase the vulnerability of the urban environment to extreme weather events. Urban planning should account for these extreme events as efficiently as possible. One way is to locate hot spots in an urban environment by mapping cities into local climate zones (LCZ) and evaluate heat...
Designing the garden of Geddes: The master gardener and the profession of landscape architecture
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): Jan Woudstra The influence of Patrick Geddes (1854–1932) on the landscape architecture profession has been widely acknowledged, but there is no critical review of the nature of this influence on theory and practice. Geddes appears to have been the first person in Britain to adopt the term landscape architect to denote a profession in the American sense as someone who dealt with city planning, civic design and parks systems. This profession seemed to encompass his wide ranging interests...
Understanding social preferences for land use in wastewater treatment plant buffer zones
01. Oktober 2018
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 178 Author(s): M.S. Iftekhar, M. Burton, F. Zhang, I. Kininmonth, J. Fogarty This study explores community preferences regarding alternative land uses in wastewater treatment plant buffer zones in Western Australia. The study uses the choice experiment method, and is the first study to apply this method to the context of wastewater treatment plant buffer zone management. In the study there are two information conditions and four land use options. In the first information condition different land use...