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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Does landscape play a role in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions?
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): Anna M. Hersperger, Matthias Bürgi, Wolfgang Wende, Simona Bacău, Simona R. GrădinaruAbstractCities and urban regions have become central to ensuring a sustainable future. Many regions employ strategic spatial planning, a transformative and integrative public-sector-led activity, to create a coherent spatial development strategy in order to pursue sustainable development. Due to its encompassing, cross-sectoral qualities, landscape science is expected to strengthen nature-related aspects of urban...
Protected areas and noise abatement: A spatial approach
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): William L. Rice, Peter Newman, Zachary D. Miller, B. Derrick TaffAbstractProtected areas have the capacity to provide an array of benefits to humans—ecosystem services. Concerning the acoustic environment, these ecosystem services are provisioned as natural soundscapes and quietness. A substantial body of literature has examined protected areas’ performance in preserving soundscapes and management strategies to ensure the continued preservation of natural sounds in park settings. However...
Nature affinity and willingness to pay for urban green spaces in a developing country
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): Rahat Sabyrbekov, Martin Dallimer, Stale NavrudAbstractUrban green spaces (UGS) provide multiple ecosystem services to city residents and are often their only places to spend time in a natural environment. Rapid urbanisation poses difficult choices for city planners who frequently decide to prioritise built infrastructure over retaining or enhancing green spaces, not least because the value of green spaces is rarely recognised in policy and planning processes. This is particularly true in developing...
The good things in urban nature: A thematic framework for optimising urban planning for nature connectedness
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): Kirsten McEwan, Fiona J. Ferguson, Miles Richardson, Ross CameronAbstractGreen interventions which connect people with nature to improve wellbeing are increasingly being applied to tackle the current crisis in mental health. A novel Smartphone app intervention was evaluated amongst adults (n = 228) including (n = 53) adults with common mental health problems, with the aim to improve wellbeing through noticing the good things about urban nature. The app prompted participants once a day over...
Urban park layout and exposure to traffic-derived air pollutants
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): Yang Xing, Peter BrimblecombeAbstractAir quality in small urban parks improves rapidly with distance from surrounding streets. This arises because air pollutants disperse within parks where there are few sources. This was traditionally thought to arise from pollutant uptake by trees, but they can also reduce wind speed and potentially trap pollutants. It is increasingly evident that relatively little pollution is absorbed by trees over short distances typical of small urban parks. Nevertheless, trees...
Greenspace access does not correspond to nature exposure: Measures of urban natural space with implications for health research
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): Ingrid Jarvis, Sarah Gergel, Mieke Koehoorn, Matilda van den BoschAbstractUrban natural spaces have gained increasing attention in the public health agenda due to their reported association with better health outcomes. Improved measurement of urban natural spaces and a better understanding of the relative effects of different types of natural space in different socio-geographical contexts are required to optimize evidence for urban planning. This case study of Metro Vancouver examines relationships...
Where has the city choir gone? Loss of the temporal structure of bird dawn choruses in urban areas
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): Oscar H. Marín-Gómez, Wesley Dáttilo, J. Roberto Sosa-López, Diego Santiago-Alarcon, Ian MacGregor-ForsAbstractLiving in the city represents a great challenge for organisms that are exposed to the novel environmental conditions inherent to urbanization. Recent studies have highlighted the ecological impact that urbanization poses on the acoustic phenotype and singing routines of birds. However, the organization and structure of avian dawn choruses in urban settings remains largely unexplored. In...
The hidden value of in-between spaces for children’s self-directed play within outdoor school environments
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 194Author(s): Fatemeh Aminpour, Kate Bishop, Linda CorkeryAbstractDespite the important role of outdoor school environments in children’s recess, school ground design does not often manage to support children’s self-directed play. This paper argues for the value of so called ‘in-between spaces’ for children in outdoor school environments that has not been studied sufficiently from their perspectives. Employing a socio-ecological framework, this participatory qualitative study used three methods to identify...
Former metal mining landscapes in England and Wales: Five perspectives from local residents
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Danielle Emma Sinnett, Ana Margarida SardoAbstractThis study uses Q Method to examine how those living in former metal mining landscapes value this heritage and their preferences for the long-term management of abandoned mine waste. There are around 5000 former metal mines in England and Wales, many of which are protected for their ecological, geological or cultural value. Q Method is used to examine subjective viewpoints, in this study we asked 38 residents of six mining areas in England and Wales to...
Understanding the role of plantations in the abundance of an arboreal folivore
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): K.R. Ashman, A.R. Rendall, M.R.E. Symonds, D. WhissonAbstractForest cover is decreasing globally, chiefly due to the conversion of forest to agricultural landscapes. In contrast, the area under plantation forestry is increasing by up to 3 million hectares per annum. For wildlife occupying landscapes where native forest is the dominant land cover, plantations generally represent a lower value habitat; however, plantations established on land formerly used for pasture, may benefit wildlife by providing...
Emerging infectious disease, the household built environment characteristics, and urban planning: Evidence on avian influenza in Vietnam
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): James H. Spencer, Melissa L. Finucane, Jefferson M. Fox, Sumeet Saksena, Nargis SultanaAbstractRecent concerns with pandemic outbreaks of human disease and their origins in animal populations have ignited concerns regarding connections between Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) and development. As disasters, health, and infectious disease become part of planning concern (Matthew & McDonald, 2007), greater focus on household infrastructure and EID disease outbreaks among poultry is warranted. Following...
Graffiti saves birds: A year-round pattern of bird collisions with glass bus shelters
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Ewa Zyśk-Gorczyńska, Piotr Skórka, Michał ŻmihorskiAbstractThe increase in the human population is bringing with it a concomitant rise in the number of novel man-made structures appearing in different environments, which may affect wildlife. Glass shelters at bus stops create surfaces invisible to many animals like birds and may increase their mortality; evidence for this is rare, however. The main aim of the study was to analyse the temporal variation and frequency of the risk of birds colliding...
Trees, grass, or concrete? The effects of different types of environments on stress reduction
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Qiuyun Huang, Minyan Yang, Hao-ann Jane, Shuhua Li, Nicole BauerAbstractDespite a number of studies about how natural environments can affect human health and well-being, few have examined the potentially different effects of different types of vegetation. We therefore designed and conducted a randomised controlled experiment to identify the restorative potential of different types of trees and grass in an urban virtual reality (VR) environment. We initially induced stress in participants (n = 89...
Post-apartheid ecologies in the City of Cape Town: An examination of plant functional traits in relation to urban gradients
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Pippin Anderson, Tristan Charles-Dominique, Henrik Ernstson, Erik Andersson, Julie Goodness, Thomas ElmqvistAbstractIn this study we explore species richness and traits across two urban gradients in the City of Cape Town. The first is the natural-urban boundary and the second is a socio-economic gradient informed by historical race-based apartheid planning. Plant species and cover were recorded in 156 plots sampled from conservation areas, private gardens, and public open green space. The...
Simulating the consequences of roads for wildlife population dynamics
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Priscilla Barbosa, Nathan H. Schumaker, Kristin R. Brandon, Alex Bager, Clara GriloAbstractRapidly expanding road networks have been a key driver of the fragmentation and isolation of many wildlife species, and are a source of significant mortality due to collisions with vehicles. But not all animals are affected equally by transportation infrastructure, and in most cases little is known about the population-scale consequences of roads for wildlife. Even less information is available to characterize...
Long-term effects and development of a tree preservation program on tree condition, survival, and growth
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Richard J. Hauer, Andrew K. Koeser, Stephani Parbs, Jim Kringer, Randy Krouse, Ken Ottman, Robert W. Miller, David Sivyer, Nilesh Timilsina, Les P. WernerAbstractA long-term research study in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA investigated how construction (i.e., repairs to streets, curbs, and sidewalks) affected tree condition, survival, and growth compared to control trees outside construction zones and effects of a tree preservation program on reducing construction impacts. This study is divided into three...
When context matters: Spatial prediction models of environmental conditions can identify target areas for wild bee habitat management interventions
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): M.A.K. Sydenham, S.R. Moe, K. EldegardAbstractPrioritizing where to implement management interventions is critical because managers have limited budgets and the effect of habitat enhancement depends on site-specific environmental conditions. Field experiments can identify the conditions where habitat enhancement is most effective, but are typically of limited extent and thus not sufficient for producing spatial predictions that can guide management efforts. We tested if we could produce spatial...
Analyzing spatial relationships between urban land use intensity and urban vitality at street block level: A case study of five Chinese megacities
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Chang Xia, Anthony Gar-On Yeh, Anqi ZhangAbstractUrban sprawl in urbanizing China has resulted in a series of ecological and environmental problems. Urban planners have been committed to promoting compact development through high-density and mixed land use. However, a problem brought by such compact urban form is the mismatch between physical spaces and socio-economic activities. To date, minimal research has been conducted using spatial statistics to study this issue at the local scales. Moreover...
Contribution of private gardens to habitat availability, connectivity and conservation of the common pipistrelle in Paris
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s): Anne Mimet, Christian Kerbiriou, Laurent Simon, Jean-Francois Julien, Richard RaymondAbstractUrban sprawl is one of the greatest global changes with major negative impacts on biodiversity. Recent policies have acknowledged the value of urban green areas in counterbalancing such impacts. However, these policies are largely focused on public green areas, ignoring the role and potential of private green areas for urban ecological value. This paper aims at evaluating the importance of private gardens for...
Editorial Board
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Publication date: January 2020Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 193Author(s):