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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Assessing urban landscape ecological risk through an adaptive cycle framework
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Fanghan Luo, Yanxu Liu, Jian Peng, Jiansheng WuAbstractCities are suffering various ecological risks due to rapid urbanization and global climate change. Urban landscape ecological risk assessment is conducive to identifying high risk areas and guiding risk prevention. However, few studies have characterized the dynamic processes of landscape ecological risk. In this study, taking Beijing City as a case study, the adaptive cycle in resilience theory was incorporated into a risk assessment framework...
Suburban gardening in Rochester, New York: Exotic plant preference and risk of invasion
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Scott G. Ward, Kathryn L. AmatangeloAbstractHorticulture has long been an important source of exotic plant species that may naturalize and become invasive. To analyze the extent of exotic plant species and their possible preference in modern landscaping in Rochester, New York, USA, we inventoried 101 randomly chosen suburban (peri-urban) house gardens. On average, 72% of plants per property were not native to the Eastern United States. Of the exotic species present in gardens, 44% have naturalized in...
“Let’s go to the park.” An investigation of older adults in Australia and their motivations for park visitation
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Stephen C. GibsonAbstractWhat motivates older adults to visit and use parks? Do older adults access parks for different reasons than younger adults? Prior studies determine age influences park visitation, but we know little about why. Older adults are particularly disadvantaged if their specific needs, preferences, or constraints in frequenting parks are not considered as lack of visitation and potential health decline result.Referencing self-determination theory from the social psychology literature...
Resident support for urban greenways across diverse neighborhoods: Comparing two Atlanta BeltLine segments
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Nathan P. Palardy, B. Bynum Boley, Cassandra Johnson GaitherAbstractUrban greenways are increasingly seen as sustainable infrastructure initiatives designed to catalyze economic development, urban renewal and healthy cities. However, there has been little consideration for how the racial and socioeconomic composition of neighborhoods influence resident support for greenways. This is important due to documented divergent racial preferences for recreation and the potential paradoxical impact greenways...
Informing water-saving communication in the United States using the situational theory of problem solving
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Alexa J. Lamm, Laura A. Warner, Lisa K. Lundy, Jyothi Swaroop Bommidi, Peyton N. BeattieAbstractEnvironmental communication professionals have been conducting water conservation programs across the nation, recognizing the need to conserve water as one of the top issues facing the United States (U.S.). Research has shown the number of people that will be exposed to water scarcity will steadily increase. This research uses the Situational Theory of Problem Solving in an attempt to further understand why...
A plaza too far: High contrast in butterfly biodiversity patterns between plazas and an urban reserve in Brazil
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Isabela Freitas Oliveira, Marília Bruzzi Lion, Márcio Zikán CardosoAbstractThe extent of biodiversity in the urban setting is related to the degree of land transformation and the relative quantity of green spaces in the city. Large tracts of green spaces may harbor species and serve as sources of colonists to other urban spaces, but the degree to which this occurs is not well known, particularly in cities in the tropics. Here we evaluate if a large urban green space (Dunas State Park) affects the...
From the household to watershed: A cross-scale analysis of residential intention to adopt green stormwater infrastructure
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Sarah Coleman, Stephanie Hurley, Donna Rizzo, Christopher Koliba, Asim ZiaAbstractImproved stormwater management for the protection of water resources requires bottom-up stewardship from landowners, including adoption of Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI). We use a statewide survey of Vermont paired with a cross-scale and spatial analysis to evaluate the influence of interacting spatial, social, and physical factors on residential intention to adopt GSI across a complex social-ecological landscape...
Artificial lighting triggers the presence of urban spiders and their webs on historical buildings
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Stefano Mammola, Marco Isaia, Daniele Demonte, Paolo Triolo, Marco NervoAbstractDifferent spider species living in the urban environment spin their webs on building facades. Due to air pollution, web aggregations entrap dirt particles over time, assuming a brownish-greyish colouration and thus determining an aesthetic impact on buildings and street furniture. In Europe, the most common species causing such an aesthetic nuisance is Brigittea civica (Lucas) (Dictynidae). In spite of the socio-economical...
Do local factors or teleconnections control urbanization? The shifting balance in a Chinese megaregion
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Kun Wang, Weiqi ZhouAbstractNumerous studies have investigated the local driving forces of expansion of developed land in a single city, or in comparisons of several cities. Few studies, however, have examined both the local and distant or “tele” drivers. We take the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) urban megaregion as a case study to investigate the local and tele driving forces of expansion of developed land from 1984 to 2010. We pose two research questions at an urban megaregion scale: (1) What are...
Quantifying place: Analyzing the drivers of pedestrian activity in dense urban environments
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Yuan Lai, Constantine E. KontokostaAbstractUnderstanding pedestrian behavior is critical for many aspects of city planning, design, and management, including transportation, public health, emergency response, and economic development. This study bridges in-situ observations of pedestrian activity and urban computing by integrating high-resolution, large-scale, and heterogeneous urban datasets and analyzing both fixed attributes of the urban landscape (e.g. physical and transit infrastructure) with...
Measuring human perceptions of a large-scale urban region using machine learning
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Fan Zhang, Bolei Zhou, Liu Liu, Yu Liu, Helene H. Fung, Hui Lin, Carlo RattiAbstractMeasuring the human sense of place and quantifying the connections among the visual features of the built environment that impact the human sense of place have long been of interest to a wide variety of fields. Previous studies have relied on low-throughput surveys and limited data sources, which have difficulty in measuring the human perception of a large-scale urban region at flexible spatial resolutions. In this work...
The effect of urban park landscapes on soil Collembola diversity: A Mediterranean case study
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): V. Milano, G. Maisto, D. Baldantoni, A. Bellino, C. Bernard, A. Croce, F. Dubs, S. Strumia, J. CortetAbstractBy increasing landscape patchiness and habitat loss, urbanization threatens biodiversity. Its adverse effects may be mitigated by urban parks, in which conditions that promote structural and functional biodiversity contribute to preserve ecosystem processes. Therefore, deep knowledge of urban park biodiversity and of patterns driving species assemblages is required, especially for soil...
Research Note: Relationship between childhood nature play and adulthood participation in nature-based recreation among urban residents in Tokyo area
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Tetsuro Hosaka, Shinya Numata, Koun SugimotoAbstractAs urban areas and populations increase rapidly worldwide, experiences of nature play in urban green spaces would be a key for reconnecting people and natural environments. However, few studies have demonstrated the effects of childhood nature play on nature-related behavior among adults and its relative importance to sociodemographic factors. We conducted a retrospective questionnaire survey of 1030 adult residents in the Tokyo area, and found that...
What are the drivers of and barriers to children’s direct experiences of nature?
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Masashi Soga, Takahiro Yamanoi, Kazuaki Tsuchiya, Tomoyo F. Koyanagi, Tadashi KanaiAbstractIn our increasingly urbanised world, children are becoming disconnected from the natural world. This progressive separation of humans from nature, “extinction of experience,” is viewed both as a major public health issue and as one of the fundamental obstacles to halting global biodiversity loss. Thus, it has become increasingly important to understand what drives and limits children’s direct experiences...
Plant species or flower colour diversity? Identifying the drivers of public and invertebrate response to designed annual meadows
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Helen Hoyle, Briony Norton, Nigel Dunnett, J. Paul Richards, Jean M. Russell, Philip WarrenAbstractThere is increasing evidence of the benefits of introducing urban meadows as an alternative to amenity mown grass in public greenspaces, both for biodiversity, and human wellbeing. Developing a better understanding of the meadow characteristics driving human and wildlife response is therefore critical. We addressed this by assessing public and invertebrate response to eight different annual meadow mixes...
Links between ecological and human wealth in drainage ponds in a fast-expanding city, and proposals for design and management
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Alexandre Miró, Jeanette Hall, Marcia Rae, David O'BrienAbstractSustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) are engineering solutions for managing storm water, and they can also provide blue spaces that equitably benefit the health and wellbeing of urban dwellers. The main objectives of this study were to test whether affluent neighbourhoods have SuDS with better ecological quality in one of Europe’s fastest developing cities, and to investigate whether designable or manageable habitat characteristics of...
‘Rage against the machine’? The opportunities and risks concerning the automation of urban green infrastructure
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Natalie Marie Gulsrud, Christopher M. Raymond, Rebecca L. Rutt, Anton Stahl Olafsson, Tobias Plieninger, Mattias Sandberg, Thomas H. Beery, K. Ingemar JönssonAbstractContemporary society is increasingly impacted by automation; however, few studies have considered the potential consequences of automation on ecosystems and their management (hereafter the automation of urban green infrastructure or UGI). This Perspective Essay takes up this discussion by asking how a digital approach to UGI planning and...
Modeling anthropogenic noise impacts on animals in natural areas
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Alexander C. Keyel, Sarah E. Reed, Kathryn Nuessly, Elizeth Cinto-Mejia, Jesse R. Barber, George WittemyerAbstractNoise is a globally pervasive pollutant that can be detrimental to a range of animal species, with cascading effects on ecosystem functioning. As a result, concern about the impacts and expanding footprint of anthropogenic noise is increasing along with interest in approaches for how to mitigate its negative effects. A variety of modeling tools have been developed to quantify the spatial...
Mapping the relationships between trail conditions and experiential elements of long-distance hiking
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Brian A. Peterson, Matthew T.J. Brownlee, Jeffrey L. MarionAbstractTrail users that experience acceptable social and ecological conditions are more likely to act as trail stewards, exhibit proper trail etiquette, and use low-impact practices. However, the relationships between specific trail conditions and experiential elements of long-distance hiking are not well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify how trail conditions influence particular elements of the long-distance...
Efficiency of landscape metrics characterizing urban land surface temperature
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 180Author(s): Yanxu Liu, Jian Peng, Yanglin WangAbstractIdentification of the relationship between landscape metrics and urban land surface temperature (LST) provides a basic understanding of the interaction of landscape pattern and ecological process. However, the evidenced relationships between landscape metrics and LST are still uncertain, and cannot provide fundamental support to landscape management. Other than a test of statistical significance, four judgments (median correlation value; temporal variation and...