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Landscape and Urban Planning 

An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design 
ScienceDirect Publication: Landscape and Urban Planning
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Front and back yard green analysis with subpixel vegetation fractions from earth observation data in a city
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Dagmar Haase, Clemens Jänicke, Thilo WellmannAbstractThis paper introduces a novel approach to green space availability in cities that includes the thus-far mostly neglected urban front and backyard green space around residential buildings on privately owned ground. To quantify the full spatial scope of urban green space, we calculated subpixel vegetation fractions from RapidEye remote-sensing data for the entire city with a spectral unmixing technique that enabled us to model the extent of urban...
Aboriginal yards in remote Australia: Adapting landscapes for indigenous housing
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Timothy O'Rourke, Daphne NashAbstractAs the global predictions and effects of climate change have been emerging in recent years, thermal comfort is a growing concern for the marginalised, remote populations of the world including First Nations peoples. This paper draws on data from a qualitative climate change study with Australian Aboriginal people in the remote semi-arid region of Northwest Queensland and other regional studies to explore ways that yards can enhance thermal performance around...
Quantifying the cooling-effects of urban and peri-urban wetlands using remote sensing data: Case study of cities of Northeast China
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Zhenshan Xue, Guanglei Hou, Zhongsheng Zhang, Xianguo Lyu, Ming Jiang, Yuanchun Zou, Xiangjin Shen, Jie Wang, Xiaohui LiuAbstractWorld urbanization has been increasing at a rapid pace over the past few decades, particularly in developing countries. The urban heat island (UHI) effect, which occurs during rapid urbanization, profoundly affects human life and health. The cooling-effect (CE) of urban wetlands can effectively mitigate the impact of UHI. In this study, we estimated the intensity of UHI and...
What if Beijing had enforced the 1st or 2nd greenbelt? – Analyses from an economic perspective
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Mingfei Ma, Ying JinAbstractMany fast growing cities have designated greenbelts but have failed to maintain them. This is often attributed to weak planning regulations, but there is little understanding of the underlying impacts of greenbelts on the interactions among land use control, transport supply and economic activities. This paper presents a counterfactual analytical model to examine the greenbelts’ impacts on consumers’ utility, producers’ productivity, and their locational choices. The...
Capitalization of interconnected active transportation infrastructure
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Cristina Connolly, Mitchell R. Livy, Yun Qiu, H. Allen KlaiberAbstractThis paper investigates the capitalized value of interconnected active transportation infrastructure in Franklin County, Ohio. We expand on the existing literature on preferences for local amenities by examining the impact of connections between local amenities and active transportation infrastructure on the sales price of single family homes. Hedonic results indicate that proximity to bike facilities results in positive...
Archetypes of community wildfire exposure from national forests of the western US
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Cody R. Evers, Alan A. Ager, Max Nielsen-Pincus, Palaiologos Palaiologou, Ken BunzelAbstractRisk management typologies and their resulting archetypes can structure the many social and biophysical drivers of community wildfire risk into a set number of strategies to build community resilience. Existing typologies omit key factors that determine the scale and mechanism by which exposure from large wildfires occur. These factors are particularly important for land managing agencies like the US Forest...
Modeling landowner interactions and development patterns at the urban fringe
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Jennifer Koch, Monica A. Dorning, Derek B. Van Berkel, Scott M. Beck, Georgina M. Sanchez, Ashwin Shashidharan, Lindsey S. Smart, Qiang Zhang, Jordan W. Smith, Ross K. MeentemeyerAbstractPopulation growth and unrestricted development policies are driving low-density urbanization and fragmentation of peri-urban landscapes across North America. While private individuals own most undeveloped land, little is known about how their decision-making processes shape landscape-scale patterns of urbanization...
Irrigation of green spaces and residential gardens in a Mediterranean metropolis: Gaps and opportunities for climate change adaptation
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Sonia Reyes-Paecke, Jorge Gironás, Oscar Melo, Sebastián Vicuña, Josefina HerreraAbstractMany cities are facing water shortages because of climate change. Climate adaptation plans have prioritized water saving to prevent the devastating consequences of drought. To develop such adaptation plans, it is critical to understand the water-use patterns of cities. The present research determines the water consumption for irrigation of green spaces and residential gardens in metropolitan area of Santiago...
Discursive moments: Reframing deliberation and decision-making in alternative futures landscape ecological planning
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): M.E. Hoversten, S.R. SwaffieldAbstractAlternative Futures (AF) landscape ecological planning integrates scientific inquiry and findings into plausible futures that can shape and inform decisions on public policy. AF theorists typically present an AF process in which expert deliberation about technically possible futures is separate from political decision-making about desirable or socially acceptable futures. This paper offers an alternative interpretation of Alternative Futures. It asks whether...
Addressing societal challenges through nature-based solutions: How can landscape planning and governance research contribute?
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Christian Albert, Barbara Schröter, Dagmar Haase, Mario Brillinger, Jennifer Henze, Sylvia Herrmann, Sarah Gottwald, Paulina Guerrero, Claire Nicolas, Bettina MatzdorfAbstractNature-based solutions (NBS) in river landscapes, such as restoring floodplains, can not only decrease flood risks for downstream communities but also provide co-benefits in terms of habitat creation for numerous species and enhanced delivery of diverse ecosystem services. This paper aims to explore how landscape planning and...
Impacts and adaptation options for estuarine vegetation in a large city
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Kerrylee Rogers, Laura A. Mogensen, Peter Davies, Jeffrey Kelleway, Neil Saintilan, Geoff WithycombeAbstractClimate change adaptation options for natural systems are particularly challenging in high density urban settings. We model the vulnerability of estuarine vegetation (mangroves, saltmarshes and Casuarina forest) to sea-level rise in Australia’s most populous city, Sydney, and conduct a detailed assessment of impacts and adaptation options for a densely urbanised estuary, the Cooks River. Our...
Lawn mowing frequency and its effects on biogenic and anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 182Author(s): Susannah B. Lerman, Alexandra R. ContostaAbstractDecision makers in urban areas actively pursue strategies to decrease carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and other greenhouse gases. Lawns dominate urban lands in the U.S. and require intensive management, including frequent mowing, which may influence CO2 emissions from both biogenic and anthropogenic sources. We tested whether different lawn mowing frequencies (every one, two or three weeks) affected soil respiration (i.e., biogenic CO2 emissions), by...
Explaining subjective perceptions of public spaces as a function of the built environment: A massive data approach
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Tomás Rossetti, Hans Lobel, Víctor Rocco, Ricardo HurtubiaAbstractPeople’s perceptions of the built environment influence the way they use and navigate it. Understanding these perceptions may be useful to inform the design, management and planning process of public spaces. Recently, several studies have used data collected at a massive scale and machine learning methods to quantify these perceptions, showing promising results in terms of predictive performance. Nevertheless, most of these models can...
Diversity and influencing factors on spontaneous plant distribution in Beijing Olympic Forest Park
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Xiao-Peng Li, Shu-Xin Fan, Jun-Hong Guan, Fan Zhao, Li DongAbstractWith intensive management practices on highly cultivated urban vegetation resulting in the over-consumption of natural resources and urban green spaces losing ecological function, interest is growing in spontaneous plants. Our goal was to improve knowledge of the biodiversity and distribution patterns of spontaneous vegetation in urban parks, which may benefit sustainable and low-maintenance planting design in future green spaces. To...
Spatial differentiation of heritage trees in the rapidly-urbanizing city of Shenzhen, China
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Po Ying Lai, C.Y. Jim, Guang Da Tang, Wen Jun Hong, Hao ZhangAbstractIn China, heritage trees are actively surveyed and reported. Over 300 relevant published articles were reviewed to assess the contents, trends and geographical distributions of the investigations. The majority of the heritage trees studies in China were found in the eastern provinces and published within 2010–2014. Most studies reported surveys on all old trees. For studies focused on single species, Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) and...
Economic impacts of a linear urban park on local businesses: The case of Gyeongui Line Forest Park in Seoul
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Juhyeon Park, Jeongseob KimAbstractThis study aims to explore the economic impacts of urban open spaces using the sales data of local small businesses. A new urban park could attract more visitors and lead to neighborhood revitalization, especially in distressed neighborhoods. In order to explore this mechanism, this study analyzes the case of the Gyeongui Line Forest Park, a previously underutilized railroad that was converted to a linear urban park. A difference-in-difference approach was applied to...
A scenario analysis of thermal environmental changes induced by urban growth in Colorado River Basin, USA
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Zhi-Hua Wang, Ruby UpretiAbstractRapid urban population growth in the cities of South Western United States has led to significant modifications in its environment at local and regional scales. In this study, three densely populated cities in Colorado River Basin (CRB), viz. Phoenix, Las Vegas, and Denver are selected to capture the various dimensions of the impacts of land use changes on emergent hydroclimatic patterns in the entire CRB. We hypothesize that different modes of urban growth will lead to...
How is environmental greenness related to students' academic performance in English and Mathematics?
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Wing Tuen Veronica Leung, Tuen Yee Tiffany Tam, Wen-Chi Pan, Chih-Da Wu, Shih-Chun Candice Lung, John D. SpenglerAbstractBackgroundPrevious studies point out a positive association between academic performance and school surrounding greenness, but the population included in these studies only recruited single-grade students.ObjectivesTo design a more all-rounded investigation of the association between school surrounding greenness and students’ academic performance in general in Massachusetts...
Analysis of factors affecting urban park service area in Beijing: Perspectives from multi-source geographic data
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Sihui Guo, Gege Yang, Tao Pei, Ting Ma, Ci Song, Hua Shu, Yunyan Du, Chenghu ZhouAbstractThe rapid process of urbanization aggravates the imbalance between the supply and demand of urban public services. Urban parks are among the most important urban public services, and their use efficiency has been an important index for urban planning. Therefore, it is essential to estimate well their service area and influencing factors. Traditional survey data used to analyze the characteristics of urban park...
Visibility analysis of oceanic blue space using digital elevation models
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Publication date: January 2019Source: Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 181Author(s): Yi Qiang, Suwan Shen, Qi ChenAbstractPublished evidence shows that views to blue spaces (e.g. ocean, lake, and river) have positive effects on humans’ health and mental well-beings. However, quantitative assessment of blue space visibility is challenging for large spatial areas with complex terrain or built environment. The assessment approach introduced in this study applied an innovative sampling strategy which generalizes blue space as a lattice of points and calculate visibility of all the points...