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Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 

ScienceDirect Publication: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
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Cemetery types and the biodiversity of vascular plants – A case study from south-eastern Poland
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Renata Nowińska, Aneta Czarna, Maria KozłowskaAbstractBurial sites shaped in accordance with the traditions cherished by the local community are a foundation of cultural identity and valuable components of the cultural landscape. The aim of this research was to assess the implications of cemeteries for the biodiversity of local flora, taking account of cemeteries’ size, usage and location. The field research was conducted in the Roztocze region, which is among the less transformed areas of Europe...
Allergenicity of the urban green areas in the city of Córdoba (Spain)
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): María José Velasco-Jiménez, Purificación Alcázar, Paloma Cariñanos, Carmen GalánAbstractGardens provide from the antiquity a place of easing and leisure for the human being. The development of gardens in cities carries the creation of a green space that serves as support to the oxygenation of the air in these and participate in the mitigation of pollution. However, sometimes these parks and gardens can generate health problems in residents due to the presence of species that release high...
Urban-greenway factors’ influence on older adults’ psychological well-being: A case study of Taichung, Taiwan
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Po-Ju Chang, Chun-Wei Tsou, Yi-Shan LiAbstractIn Taiwan, about 80 % of the population lives in urban areas, and as the number of older adults inches toward 20 % of the total population by 2026, Taiwan is expected to become a super-aged society. Because urban green spaces are critical for maintaining older adults’ physio-psychological health, maintenance of these spaces can assist the aging-in-place process. Urban greenways not only provide physical environments that support leisure activities, but...
Energy crops in urban parks as a promising alternative to traditional lawns – Perceptions and a cost-benefit analysis
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Daria Sikorska, Sylwia Macegoniuk, Edyta Łaszkiewicz, Piotr SikorskiAbstractIn this study, we investigated the possibility of replacing existing lawns located in urban parks with patches of energy crop plantations as a way to reduce maintenance costs. We selected six sites located on the edges of urban parks in Warsaw (Poland), characterized by low aesthetical value, high noise levels, and low vegetation diversity. For these sites, we evaluated replacing existing vegetation with selected energy plant...
Urban foraging of wild plants in two medium-sized South African towns: People, perceptions and practices
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Hesekia Garekae, Charlie M. ShackletonAbstractUrban ecosystems provide goods and services critical to livelihood sustenance, environmental protection and sustainability. However, the potential role of some urban ecosystem services such as the provisioning services, to promote liveable cities and livelihood resilience is seldom considered. This study reports on the prevalence and pattern of wild plant foraging and uses in the towns of Potchefstroom and Thabazimbi, South Africa, based on a random sample...
Local cultural beliefs and practices promote conservation of large old trees in an ethnic minority region in southwestern China
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Li Huang, Lijuan Tian, Lihua Zhou, Cheng Jin, Shenhua Qian, C.Y. Jim, Dunmei Lin, Liang Zhao, Jesse Minor, Chris Coggins, Yongchuan YangAbstractLarge old trees are keystone ecological entities and cultural heritages that provide vital services to humans in settlements. We investigated the abundance, species diversity, distribution patterns, and environmental and anthropogenic determinants of large old trees in Wuchuan Gelao and Miao (minority ethnic groups) Autonomous County in southwest China. We...
Spatial prioritization for urban Biodiversity Quality using biotope maps and expert opinion
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Joel Jalkanen, Kati Vierikko, Atte MoilanenAbstractSpatial prioritization can produce useful information about biodiversity values from urban areas. However, its typical focus on (endangered) species distributions assumes a rather restricted approach to urban biodiversity. In 2006, Feest suggested that five attributes of species assemblages more holistically describe the so called “Biodiversity Quality” of an area: species richness, biomass, population density, evenness, and rarity. Here we apply...
Fear and fascination: Use and perceptions of New York City’s forests, wetlands, and landscaped park areas
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Nancy Falxa Sonti, Lindsay K. Campbell, Erika S. Svendsen, Michelle L. Johnson, D.S. Novem AuyeungAbstractIn addition to their role as critical ecological resources, the forests and wetlands of urban parks are integral to the social and psychological well-being of many city residents. In this study, we use randomized field interviews with 955 New York City park users to explore differences in park use and motivations for park visitation according to site type and gender of respondents. We find that...
Enlightenments from potted landscapes (Bonsai and Penjing) for urban revegetation in the built environment
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): H.B. Wang, M. Wang, J. Qin, Y.H. HuAbstractImpervious surfaces in modern cities can be used for revegetation. However, the ecological quality of belowground ecosystem components and constrained soil space are crucial factors that limit habitat restoration. The long-term development of Bonsai (Penjing) trees has resulted in mature theories and techniques that suggest optimal root-canopy ratios. Considering the similarities with constrained pot landscapes, some “enlightenments”, or key findings...
Land use history drives differences in functional composition and losses in functional diversity and stability of Neotropical urban forests
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Publication date: March 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 49Author(s): Marcela V. Pyles, Luiz F.S. Magnago, Erica Rievrs Borges, Eduardo van den Berg, Fabrício Alvim CarvalhoAbstractWith urbanisation rapidly transforming our world, a better understanding of how urban ecosystems can contribute to biodiversity conservation is urgently needed. Here, we investigated the functional composition and diversity of plant assemblages in different types of urban forests with the intent to predict the stability of the functions provided by these forests through the functional...
Tree composition of urban public squares located in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil: A systematic review
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Welington Kiffer de Freitas, Luis Mauro Sampaio Magalhães, Claudio Alexandre Aquino de Santana, Edson Rodrigues Pereira Junior, Laís de Castro Machado de Souza, Rafael Augusto Batista Toledo, Beatriz Rocha GarçãoAbstractThis study reports a comparative analysis of trees used in public squares located in Brazilian cities where the Atlantic Forest is present. This overview uses databases including SciVerse Scopus, Web of Science, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and Google Scholar...
A review on particulate matter removal capacity by urban forests at different scales
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Donghui Han, Hailong Shen, Wenbiao Duan, Lixin ChenAbstractUrban forests play a vital role in terms of environmental quality related to particulate matter (PM) and studies on this area are increasing. This review discusses how urban forests influence atmospheric PM at three scales, including the single tree scale, stand scale and regional scale. Additionally, the PM analysis was divided into vertical and lateral directions at the stand scale. As individuals, trees capture particles mainly by the...
Trees and parks as “the lungs of cities”
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Yang Xing, Peter BrimblecombeAbstractThe metaphor “lungs of cities”, initially a slogan for the preservation of urban parks, has been retained almost as common sense to the present. It implies that parks provide urban dwellers spaces for breathing in polluted cities. Observations on air pollutants in urban parks detect imprints left by emissions from local vehicles and industries, although they also reveal cleaner park interiors. There has been divergence about the way enhanced air quality in...
Additional focus on particulate matter wash-off events from leaves is required: A review of studies of urban plants used to reduce airborne particulate matter pollution
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Xiaodan Xu, Jingjing Xia, Ya Gao, Wei ZhengAbstractAirborne particulate matter (PM) emissions are mainly comprised of dust and biomass produced by ground-level combustion and fossil fuel emissions. PM retention by plant leaves can reduce PM pollution from atmosphere, but in urban areas winds can cause PM resuspension, thereby preventing retention and worsening airborne pollution. Unlike winds, rainfall events can cause PM to be washed off leaves and onto the ground, which represents a net removal of...
Perceived spillover effects of club-based green space: Evidence from Beijing golf courses, China
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Wu Wenjie, Yiyi Chen, Liu YeAbstractThis paper examines the perceived spill-over effects of proximity to golf courses on life satisfaction based on a large-scale individual survey conducted in Beijing in 2013. We find a positive association between residential proximity to golf courses and life satisfaction. This association is more pronounced for residents living at the closest distance margins and tends to vary by housing and golf landscape characteristics. Additional results quantify the evidence...
Spatial patterns of presence, abundance, and richness of invasive woody plants in relation to urbanization in a tropical island setting
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Brenda J. Lowry, John H. Lowry, Karl J. Jarvis, Gunnar Keppel, R.Randolph Thaman, Hans Juergen BoehmerAbstractTropical Pacific island countries, many of which are less-developed, are experiencing invasions of alien plant species at rates faster than areas of comparable size elsewhere. In this paper we examine the relationship between the presence, abundance, and richness of 14 invasive woody plant (IWP) species and level of urbanization and road type in the Greater Suva Urban Area (GSUA), Fiji. One...
Quantifying tension and deflection in pre-tensioned speedlines carrying a load
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Brian Kane, Sanjay R. ArwadeAbstractArborists use speedlines to move debris; efficiently between the tree from which the debris is generated and the landing. To maintain vertical clearance over obstacles, speedlines are pretensioned, but there are no rigorous empirical data to quantify the tension in a pretensioned speedline when it carries a load. Neither has its deflection under load been quantified. We measured the mid-span deflection and tension at both anchors of a speedline under three added...
Urban tree composition, diversity and structural characteristics in North-western Nigeria
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Murtala Dangulla, Latifah Abd Manaf, Mohammad Firuz Ramli, Mohd Rusli YacobAbstractUrban trees composition and diversity are gaining more relevance for academic, urban planning and sustainability purposes. Despite their free ecosystem services, little is documented on urban trees especially in developing countries such as Nigeria. This study assessed the composition, diversity, structural characteristics and provenance of trees in two cities of North-western Nigeria. Landsat images for 2015 were used...
Particulate matter capturing capacity of roadside evergreen vegetation during the winter season
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): Chen He, Kaiyang Qiu, Abdalrahim Alahmad, Richard PottAbstractIn the urban atmosphere, particulate matter (PM), especially PM discharged by vehicle traffic, is a serious threat to residents’ health. As the PM capturing ability of most deciduous plants is significantly weakened during winter, it is important to further understand the PM removal capacity of evergreen species. Four representative roadside evergreen plants (two tree species and two shrub species) were tested along one main street in...
Meeting a diversity of needs through a diversity of species: Urban residents’ favourite and disliked tree species across eleven towns in South Africa and Zimbabwe
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Publication date: February 2020Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 48Author(s): C.M. Shackleton, P.J. MograbiAbstractUnderstanding of urban residents’ preferences and dislikes for tree species and attributes is necessary to provide them with the species they most favour. Yet there is relatively little understanding of local species preferences, the reasons underlying them and how they vary with context and scale. We interviewed 1100 urban residents in eleven towns (four in Zimbabwe, four in Limpopo Province and three in the Eastern Cape of South Africa) to determine what were...