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Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 

ScienceDirect Publication: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
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Measuring patterns and mechanism of greenway use – A case from Guangzhou, China
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Xuan Liu, Zhanqiang Zhu, Letian Jin, Lu Wang, Cunzhong HuangAbstractIn the context of recent studies that have begun to establish a more quantifiable understanding of the use of urban greenways, this paper presents a preliminary investigation into the patterns in which a greenway is used and the mechanism behind the pattern of use of the greenway. Factors of the location, economic situation, environment and social background have been measured and analyzed in the use intensity model to interpret their...
Residential greenspace might modify the effect of road traffic noise exposure on general mental health in students
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Angel M. Dzhambov, Iana Markevych, Boris G. Tilov, Donka D. DimitrovaAbstractTraffic noise has been linked to mental ill-health but little is known about the impact of residential greenspace on this relationship. In the present study, we investigated whether residential greenspace modified the effect of road traffic noise on general mental health in students. We collected cross-sectional data from 399 participants in the city of Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Road traffic noise (Lden) level was calculated from...
The impact of ancient tree form on modern landscape preferences
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Joseph B. Townsend, Susan BartonAbstractEmpirical studies of the relationship between aspects of the landscape and human emotions have been fruitful over the last few decades. In fact, we are awash in data that describes a correlation between natural landscapes and positive human feelings. While this plethora of data has been useful to various disciplines, it has not lead to an explanatory theory as to why and how the landscape should have this affect This paper proposes that the discipline of...
Public perceptions of ecosystem services and preferences for design scenarios of the flooded bank along the Three Gorges Reservoir: Implications for sustainable management of novel ecosystems
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Chundi Chen, Yuncai Wang, Junsong JiaAbstractThe newly formed extensive flooded land associated with the Three Gorges Reservoir hold great potentials to provide ecosystem services (ESs) for surrounding cities and communities. Conflicting values and conventional management strategies may complicate and inhibit broad-scale decision-making for this novel ecosystem. Public attitudes are a crucial influence in the way this process plays out. This study was conducted to assess how the reservoir bank is...
Public perceptions and attitudes toward green infrastructure on buildings: The case of the metropolitan area of Athens, Greece
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Georgios Tsantopoulos, Gregory Varras, Ekaterini Chiotelli, Konstantina Fotia, Maria BatouAbstractAs the impact of green space shrinkage in urban centers becomes obvious, local and regional authorities must adopt environmental planning policies that can help create new green areas to ensure a good quality of life for citizens, along with the rehabilitation of the natural environment. One approach is the promotion of green infrastructure on buildings, including multi-dwelling apartment buildings. In...
Morpho-physiological plant quality when biochar and vermicompost are used as growing media replacement in urban horticulture
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): José M. Álvarez, Claudio Pasian, Rattan Lal, Rafael López, Manuel J. Díaz, Manuel FernándezAbstractPeat moss is the most used soilless substrate in the production of container plants in floriculture. Nevertheless, the drainage of peat bogs due to the peat extraction has increased the necessity of seeking products that could replace the peat that is used in plant production. Therefore, a comparative study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a biochar (B) - vermicompost (V) mixture, as a...
Constructing community gardens? Residents’ attitude and behaviour towards edible landscapes in emerging urban communities of China
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Baojie He, Jin ZhuAbstractCommunity gardens are very popular in developed countries, providing multiple benefits to inhabitants. In developing China, residents in many emerging urban communities of China have been appropriating and reclaiming public open spaces intentionally as a leisure opportunity and transforming their entertainment functions into vegetable plots, which has caused a series of conflicts and disputes. However, this issue of informal community gardening has rarely been discussed...
Identifying critical green structure characteristics for reducing the suicide rate
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Yu-Sheng Shen, Shih-Chun Candice LungAbstractGreen space has both environmental and health benefits, especially in moderating temperature and improving mental health. However, the characteristics of green structures have been overlooked in previous studies, and the mediation effects of green structures on the suicide rate have not been analyzed. To evaluate the mediation impacts of green structures (patch area, fragmentation, and patch distance), this study explored the potential pathways and effects...
Impervious surface thresholds for urban tree site selection
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Michael G. Just, Steven D. Frank, Adam G. DaleAbstractImpervious surfaces are a ubiquitous urban feature that increase temperature and tree drought stress and are a demonstrated indicator of Acer rubrum L. tree condition and insect pest abundance. We examined the relationship between A. rubrum condition, impervious surface cover, and Melanaspis tenebricosa (Comstock) abundance, a primary herbivore of urban A. rubrum, in eight cities across the southern distribution of A. rubrum. We predicted that the...
Index for evaluation of public parks and gardens proximity based on the mobility network: A case study of Braga, Braganza and Viana do Castelo (Portugal) and Lugo and Pontevedra (Spain)
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Bruno Martins, António Nazaré PereiraAbstractUrban green space (UGS) indices are increasingly used and are mentioned by many authors. However, while indices relating to the amount of green space are widespread, other important information about UGSs (including proximity) is somehow disregarded. This is noticeable in the Iberian Peninsula, for which studies relating to proximity of public parks and gardens (PG) are not easily found.The aim of this study is to quantify proximity as a percentage of the...
Hydrological behaviour of rain gardens and plant suitability: A study in the Veneto plain (north-eastern Italy) conditions
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): L. Bortolini, G. ZaninAbstractSince spring 2011 the roof of a building on the Agripolis Campus of the University of Padova (Italy) has been used as a drainage area for two rain gardens with a circular area of about 10% and 20% of the drainage area respectively. To improve soil infiltration, the topsoil was removed up to the depth of 1 m and filled with a mix of 50% sand, 25% compost and 25% of the existing topsoil. Herbaceous perennials were selected and planted to test their adaptability to...
Tree vibrations: Determining oscillatory properties by using infra-red marker-tracking system
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Ivana Kovacic, Dragi Radomirovic, Miodrag ZukovicAbstractA state-of-the-art infrared marker-tracking system that consists of eight cameras outfitted with infra-red optical filters and an array of infra-red light-emitting diodes as well as a set of reflective markers, is used to record the motion of a set of markers arranged along a trunk-dominated potted tree, which was pulled and released to perform free vibrations. The time-history diagrams of these markers are numerically fitted to the...
Digging for the roots of urban gardening behaviours
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Olivia Lewis, Robert Home, Thanasis KizosAbstractUrban green spaces make a significant contribution to the social and ecological environment in cities, and the decisions of green space managers have direct impacts at both local and city scales. However most studies have focussed on public green spaces, despite privately managed gardens collectively forming a large proportion of urban green. The aim of this qualitative paper is to understand why people become involved in gardening and why they choose...
Is community management of resources by urban households, feasible? Lessons from community gardens in Gweru, Zimbabwe
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Emmanuel Mwakiwa, Tendai Maparara, Simbarashe Tatsvarei, Nolyn MuzamhindoAbstractThe poor economic situation in Zimbabwe has forced many households to engage in urban agriculture. With the increasing number of households engaging in the practice, a local NGO in 2009 introduced community gardens in the city of Gweru to vulnerable households as a new development initiative. We examine the feasibility of community resource management in these gardens using a blend of econometrics and community resource...
The influence of spatial configuration of green areas on microclimate and thermal comfort
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Sahar Sodoudi, Huiwen Zhang, Xiaoli Chi, Felix Müller, Huidong LiAbstractIt has been shown that the spatial configuration of a green area can strongly influence its cooling effect. However, the specific correlation has not been sufficiently studied. To systematically clarify the correlation between the spatial configuration and the cooling effect of green areas, 25 idealized scenarios are designed and simulated using the microclimate model ENVI-met. These 25 scenarios represent green areas with five...
Loading experienced by a tie-in point during ascents
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Brian KaneAbstractWorking in trees is an inherently dangerous profession, with a higher than average fatality rate. Climbers secure themselves with a rope and harness to a tie-in point to ascend into and work in a tree, but it can be difficult—if not impossible—to assess the safety of a tie-in point from the ground. Very little experimental work has described the loads associated with ascending into and working in trees, but it is critical to understand them to assess safety. We measured loads...
Assessing the impact of street lighting on Platanus x acerifolia phenology
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Luciano MassettiAbstractAutumn phenology is an important part of the tree growing season that is still poorly understood. In addition to the environmental factors that might affect its timing, there are artificial effects introduced by modern society that could interfere with it, such as the increasing use of artificial light to illuminate urban nights. This study investigates the relationship between outdoor public lighting and leaf senescence of Platanus x acerifolia that constitutes with more than...
Effects of plant leaf surface and different pollution levels on PM2.5 adsorption capacity
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Shaowei Lu, Xinbing Yang, Shaoning Li, Bo Chen, Yan Jiang, Di Wang, Lan XuAbstractWe selected 6 species of landscape plants growing under different pollution levels and performed quantitative determination of PM2.5 adsorption. We compared the measured adsorption to the leaf morphology and the water-soluble ion content. The results indicated that the pollution level and plant leaf surface PM2.5 adsorption capacity were positively correlated. There was variation in the leaf area PM2.5 adsorption...
Integrating urban blue and green areas based on historical evidence
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Ioan-Cristian Iojă, Gabriela Osaci-Costache, Jürgen Breuste, Constantina Alina Hossu, Simona R. Grădinaru, Diana Andreea Onose, Mihai Răzvan Nită, Hana SkokanováAbstractThe reduced proportion of open and especially green and blue spaces is one of the major threats experienced by cities. Scholars advocate for strategies to enhance green spaces in cities, but less attention is given to urban blue infrastructure, which also has important benefits for the health and well-being of the residents. The...
Spatio-temporal non-uniformity of urban park greenness and thermal characteristics in a semi-arid region
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Publication date: August 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 34Author(s): Iryna Dronova, Mirit Friedman, Ian McRae, Fanhua Kong, Haiwei YinAbstractThermal characteristics of urban parks often vary city-wide due to different landscape properties of parks themselves or their surrounding environments. Understanding such heterogeneity is critical for strategic use of urban forest elements to mitigate extreme heat and provide various ecological amenities; however, relatively few studies to date have assessed such variability at the whole-city scales and across different seasons...