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Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 

ScienceDirect Publication: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
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The impact of rainfall in remobilising particulate matter accumulated on leaves of four evergreen species grown on a green screen and a living wall
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Udeshika Weerakkody, John W. Dover, Paul Mitchell, Kevin ReilingAbstractGreen walls have recently been identified as a green infrastructure (GI) solution to the problem of particulate matter (PM) air pollution. Green wall systems mostly use evergreen plants as the leaves are retained throughout the year; however, researchers have argued that evergreen foliage becomes saturated with PM and fails to capture more due to a long retention time on the leaves. This study evaluated the potential of...
Measuring trail users’ perception of crowding in a peri-urban nature park: A best-worst scaling experiment
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Ivan Sever, Miroslav Verbič, Zrinka MarušićAbstractThis paper evaluates the perception of crowding, its determinants and relationship with trail users’ experience in a peri-urban nature park. Existing crowding surveys rely heavily on a single-item 9-point crowding scale which was originally developed for backcountry areas. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to test the validity and reliability of this measure in detecting crowding issues and formulating visitor capacity...
Effects of rice-husk biochar on sand-based rootzone amendment and creeping bentgrass growth
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): XiaoXiao Li, XuBing Chen, Marta Weber-Siwirska, JunJun Cao, ZhaoLong WangAbstractTurf provides an irreplaceable surface for recreational and sport activities in urban landscape. Sand-based rootzone is recommended for turf establishment because of its excellent compaction resistance. It is necessary to improve the water and nutrient retention of sand-based rootzone by soil amendments in maintaining healthy turf. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of rice-husk biochar on...
Low-maintenance green tram tracks as a socially acceptable solution to greening a city
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Piotr Sikorski, Marzena Wińska-Krysiak, Jarosław Chormański, Kinga Krauze, Katarzyna Kubacka, Daria SikorskaAbstractThe creation of green tramways has become a common solution in many European cities in efforts to meet the increasing demands for green areas. However, maintaining high-quality vegetation requires costly maintenance. In this study, we assessed the possibility of managing green tram tracks in a manner that combines people’s attitudes with economic and ecological performance. We...
Growth and establishment of container-grown London planetrees in response to mulch, root-ball treatment and fertilization
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Bert Cregg, Dana EllisonAbstractWe conducted two experiments to evaluate the impact of cultural treatments on growth and establishment of container-grown London planetrees (Platanus × acerifolia’ Bloodgood’). In both experiments, 48 trees grown in 100 l (#25) black plastic containers were assigned at random to one of three root-ball treatments prior to planting; no treatment (Control), outer 3 cm of roots removed around entire root-ball (Shave), or outer circling roots disentangled from the...
Structural response of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) and small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata Mill.) to varying urban environments analyzed by terrestrial laser scanning: Implications for...
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Dominik Bayer, Astrid Reischl, Thomas Rötzer, Hans PretzschAbstractQuantitative measurements of structure and morphology of urban trees are hardly exhausted so far, especially in regard to variations caused by altering urban environments. However, structure and functions of trees are heavily interwoven. In fact, knowledge about structural attributes is essential for a better understanding of urban ecosystem functions and services. In order to scrutinize spatially explicit and detailed structural...
Assessing urban recreational open spaces for the elderly: A case of three Indian cities
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Divya Subramanian, Arnab JanaAbstractMany studies have highlighted the numerous benefits of access to inclusive public open spaces globally, focusing on various age groups. However, there exists a knowledge gap in understanding the needs of elderly users of urban Indian recreational open spaces that impact their usage behaviour, specifically regarding design and amenities provision. This study assesses the perceived accessibility and usability of an open space as an effect of its design features and...
The effect of virtual reality forest and urban environments on physiological and psychological responses
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Chia-Pin Yu, Hsiao-Yun Lee, Xiang-Yi LuoAbstractPrevious studies used pictures or movies to investigate the impact of virtual nature environments on physiological and psychological health, providing inferior immersive experiences. The latest virtual reality (VR), launched in 2016, allows users to be fully immersed in simulated surroundings. However, the effects of the simulated environments created by the latest VR technology on health were not yet known. This study employed both cross-over and...
Thermal Comfort Maps to estimate the impact of urban greening on the outdoor human comfort
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Silvia Coccolo, David Pearlmutter, Jerome Kaempf, Jean-Louis ScartezziniAbstractOutdoor human comfort is an important factor in the evaluation of the liveability of a city as well as for promoting people’s health and well-being. In hot arid climates in particular, urban planning and design can considerably impact the day-to-day thermal comfort of the pedestrians, for better or for worse. Strategies to reduce thermal discomfort include shading structures, water bodies, and the promotion of natural...
Tracing regime influence on urban community gardening: How resource dependence causes barriers to garden longer term sustainability
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Stefanie L. Becker, Gregor von der WallAbstractThis article explores how resource dependence leads to barriers to urban community gardening. Nine barriers to urban gardening were identified: finance, space, organizational structure, water, external damage, soil, communication, interpersonal issues, and participation issues. Using process tracing and grounded theory, we found that these barriers could be divided into three groups: primary, secondary, and participation barriers. Primary barriers are...
An exploratory study of perceived safety in a neighborhood park using immersive virtual environments
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Perver K. Baran, Payam Tabrizian, Yujia Zhai, Jordan W. Smith, Myron F. FloydAbstractSpatial configuration and physical characteristics of landscape features can strongly influence perceptions of fear and danger. This study examined how situational characteristics, particularly spatial enclosure shaped by surrounding vegetation, are related to perception of safety in a park setting. Study stimuli involved eight 360° immersive virtual environments (IVE) representing low, medium, and high spatial...
Terrestrial photogrammetric stem mensuration for street trees
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): John W. Roberts, Andrew K. Koeser, Amr H. Abd-Elrahman, Gail Hansen, Shawn M. Landry, Benjamin E. WilkinsonAbstractMuch of forest science is dependent on accurate stem measurements, and relatively new photogrammetric techniques may be suitable for modeling stems from the terrestrial perspective. From imagery taken along a windbreak and urban roadways we tested the viability of photogrammetric modeling for producing accurate diameter at breast height measurements. Treatments for different point cloud...
Plant selection for rain gardens: Response to simulated cyclical flooding of 15 perennial species
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Jia Yuan, Nigel DunnettAbstractPlant selection for rain gardens can be complicated, as cyclic flooding and a gradient of moisture level are expected in the depression structure of a rain garden. However, few studies to date have quantified how plant establishment is affected by rain garden moisture dynamics. This study investigated tolerance of 15 candidate perennial species, which experienced flooding cycles consisting of 1-day and 4-day inundation and draining phases. In this study, detection of...
Incorporating landscape diversity into greenway alignment planning
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Jing Qian, Wei-Ning Xiang, Yanfang Liu, Xuchu MengAbstractAs an important factor of scenic quality and biodiversity along a greenway, landscape diversity has yet to receive as much attention as it deserves. In the practice of greenway alignment planning, it usually gives way to the primary consideration of land suitability. In this article, we aim to make up this missing link. Upon the new concepts and measurement of linear landscape diversity and cellular landscape diversity, we proposed greenway...
Spatial distributions and use patterns of user groups in urban forest parks: An examination utilizing GPS tracker
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Yujia Zhai, Perver Korça Baran, Chengzhao WuAbstractUnderstanding the spatial distributions of visitors is critical for urban forest park planning and management. Utilizing GPS trackers and a survey, this study focuses on two large urban forest parks in Shanghai to identify the main user groups and explore their use patterns, spatial distribution patterns, and preferred park settings. Valid data of 304 users’ movement and spatial location were collected using GPS trackers with a 10-second interval...
Drivers of the distribution of spontaneous plant communities and species within urban tree bases
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Mona Omar, Nazir Al Sayed, Kévin Barré, Jalal Halwani, Nathalie MachonAbstractMany studies have shown that the quality of biodiversity influences the well-being of citizens. Nevertheless, the drivers that shape biodiversity in urbanized zones are poorly understood. Although tree bases present reduced surface areas, they occur in great numbers in a deliberate spatial arrangement and may play an important ecological role in urban environments by offering limited favorable spaces for the development...
A comparison of neighbourhood liveability as perceived by two groups of residents: Tehran, Iran and Tartu, Estonia
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Saeid Norouzian-Maleki, Simon Bell, Seyed-Bagher Hosseini, Mohsen Faizi, Bahram Saleh-SedghpourAbstractLiveability is an important component of the sustainable urban environment, especially in residential neighbourhoods. This study presents a comparison in perceived liveability between residents living in two very different locations, Tehran, Iran and Tartu, Estonia, using a questionnaire survey (n = 102). The image-questionnaire was used to measure residents’ response towards environmental...
Manipulating hedgerow quality: Embankment size influences animal biodiversity in a peri-urban context
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): S. Lecq, A. Loisel, S.J. Mullin, X. BonnetAbstractHedgerowsare important features within urban, peri-urban, and agricultural habitats because they shelter most of the biodiversity in a landscape dominated by infrastructures or a monoculture. Hedges are characterized by their vegetative cover but also by their base, notably the breadth of the embankment and the various microhabitats made by stones, coarse woody debris, and leaf litter. These features determine the availabilities of arboreal and ground...
Redeveloping the urban forest: The effect of redevelopment and property-scale variables on tree removal and retention
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Publication date: October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 35Author(s): Tingdong Guo, Justin Morgenroth, Tenley ConwayAbstractThe effects of urbanization on urban forest canopy cover has received significant consideration at broad scales, but little research has explored redevelopment-related influences on individual tree removal at a property scale. This study explores the effect of residential property redevelopment on individual trees in Christchurch, New Zealand. The study monitored 6966 trees on 450 residential properties between 2011 and 2015/16. Of the 450...
Volunteered information on nature-based solutions – dredging for data on deculverting
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Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban GreeningAuthor(s): T.C. Wild, N. Dempsey, A.T. BroadheadAbstractMuch has been written about the potential contribution of citizen-science approaches to further urban environmental sustainability, and associated interventions such as nature-based solutions (NBS). Engagements between researchers and stakeholders relying on bottom-up information provision, for instance community mapping, are often purported to play a vital role in developing shared knowledge, achieving greater impact and stimulating innovation...