Menü
Deutsch | English

Neue wissenschaftliche Aufsätze


Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 

ScienceDirect Publication: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
ScienceDirect RSS
Subdivision design and landscape structure: Case study of The Woodlands, Texas, US
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Jinki KimAbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between subdivision design and landscape structure. The study outcome reveals how street-related design elements influence landscape structure, especially patch size, which represents species diversity and species distribution. Comparison analysis was conducted between two areas that had similar pre-development ecological conditions but were developed with different design approaches: ecological design approach and...
Strategy of Ginkgo biloba L. in the mitigation of salt stress in the urban environment
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Wojciech Dmuchowski, Paulina Brągoszewska, Dariusz Gozdowski, Aneta B. Baczewska-Dabrowska, Tadeusz Chojnacki, Adam Jozwiak, Ewa Swiezewska, Barbara Gworek, Irena SuwaraAbstractGinkgo biloba is recommended in street plantings in many countries due to its resistance to urban conditions. Our research confirmed the relatively low sensitivity of G. biloba to unfavorable urban conditions salt stress. The research consisted of two field experiments with urban trees and a controlled potted experiment with...
Metric or topological proximity? The associations among proximity to parks, the frequency of residents’ visits to parks, and perceived stress
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Yen-Cheng Chiang, Dongying LiAbstractUrban parks provide multiple environmental, social, and salutary benefits for city-dwellers. People who have easy access to parks tend to engage in physical activity more frequently than others. The accessibility of parks is usually quantified using metric proximity, e.g., the distance from home. However, such metrics often fail to reflect the actual spatial configuration of the streets and people’s actual experience in accessing the parks. The aim of this...
Why do we choose fear-evoking spots in parks? The role of danger and privacy in the model of dependence between spatial attributes and preference
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Aleksandra Lis, Karolina Zalewska, Paweł IwankowskiAbstractThe study is an initial attempt to describe the mechanisms that shape human feelings towards hidden and difficult-to-access places in city parks. We studied these mechanisms by testing a 4-level model that we suggested. In the study, we used computer-modified photos of places in parks. We conducted an analysis of the correlation with Pearson’s r coefficient and a number of analyses of the mediation effects. The nature of the interactions...
Heterogeneity in urban consumer preferences for turfgrass attributes
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Monika Ghimire, Tracy A. Boyer, Chanjin ChungAbstractManaging lawns in urban landscapes has become a contentious issue in public policy due to conflicts over water consumption and the potential for runoff of fertilizer, pesticides, and herbicides into water bodies. Maintaining an attractive residential lawn entails choosing a turfgrass variety that can minimize challenges associated with water requirements, salinity, shade, winter stress, and high maintenance costs. Turf producers and breeders...
Street trees’ management perspectives: Reuse of Tilia sp.’s pruning waste for insulation purposes
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): D. Grohmann, R. Petrucci, L. Torre, M. Micheli, M.E. MenconiAbstractThe management and care of urban greenery is essential to ensure the effective delivery of the ecosystem services it is capable of supplying.A sufficient and adequate care for urban greenery and in particular for urban forestry is an on-going challenge due to economic hardship of public administrations, to a lack of qualified personnel, and to a lack of a culture of valorization of public goods.To identify an opportunity to reuse...
It’s ok to be wilder: Preference for natural growth in urban green spaces in a tropical city
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Yun Hye Hwang, Zi En Jonathan Yue, Seow Kang Ling, Hee Hiong Victor TanAbstractUrban green spaces (UGS) have the potential to aid in the restoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity in cities, but this function is often diluted because ecological processes are ignored in favour of ‘tidiness’. While the general public is not fond of unkempt greenery, a less-manicured UGS that balances the spontaneous growth of plants and maintenance regimes may be accepted. The paper describes a study...
Identifying suitable tree species for evapotranspiration covers of landfills in humid regions using seedlings
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): L.C. Hui, L.M. ChuAbstractPost-closure landfills are usually managed for restoration and revegetation. To minimize percolation and the negative environmental effects of landfill-associated factors, evapotranspiration (ET) covers are becoming more widely used on landfills to allow the establishment of a functional plant-soil system. The applicability of ET covers in humid regions can be enhanced by using plant species with high transpiration rates. This is determined using plant traits that are...
Canada goldenrod invasion affect taxonomic and functional diversity of plant communities in heterogeneous landscapes in urban ecosystems in East China
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Congyan Wang, Bingde Wu, Kun Jiang, Jiawei Zhou, Daolin DuAbstractInvasive pant species (invaders hereafter) have notable effects on the structure and functions of native ecosystems. Plant functional diversity plays a more important role than plant taxonomic diversity in driving ecosystem processes. Moreover, landscape heterogeneity in urban ecosystems may lead to a significant variation in the invasion process. Thus, it is important to evaluate the effects of invaders invasion on the taxonomic and...
Residential satisfaction about urban greenness: Heterogeneous effects across social and spatial gradients
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Wenjie Wu, Mark(Xin) Wang, Ning Zhu, Weiyang Zhang, Hua SunAbstractRapid urbanisation in developing countries is putting pressure on urban greenness supplies and living environment. Access to parks plays an important role for people’s lived experiences about urban greenness. While existing studies have mostly focused on the capitalized value of access to parks on property values, few studies have been conducted on the relationship between access to parks and residential satisfaction towards the...
How community gardens may contribute to community resilience following an earthquake
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Naomi Shimpo, Andreas Wesener, Wendy McWilliamAbstractThe paper examines community benefits provided by an established community garden following a major earthquake and discusses possible implications for community garden planning and design in disaster-prone cities. Recent studies show that following extreme storm events community gardens can supply food, enhance social empowerment, provide safe gathering spots, and restorative practices, to remind people of normality. However, the beneficial role...
Preferences for urban stream landscapes: Opportunities to promote unmanaged riparian vegetation
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Shangchun Hu, Hua Yue, Zhiqing ZhouAbstractMany streams are channelized and their banks hardened, with the native riparian vegetation either removed or replaced with planted vegetation. Compared with original vegetation, however, this managed vegetation is typically limited in its ecological value while also requiring human and environmental resources to maintain it. This is especially true in urban contexts. A key question is, how to reverse this? Here, we used photo surveys conducted in 2017 to...
Mapping the social values for ecosystem services in urban green spaces: Integrating a visitor-employed photography method into SolVES
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Fengyun Sun, Jingyi Xiang, Yun Tao, Chunfu Tong, Yue CheAbstractUrban green spaces are among the relatively few places to connect with nature in cities and represent locations where city dwellers can experience a variety of critical ecosystem services. As urbanization increases, deepening our understanding of the connections between city dwellers and the natural environment has become critical. In this study, we investigated the social values for ecosystem services by demonstrating an approach that...
Use of public urban green spaces for spiritual services in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): T. Ngulani, C.M. ShackletonAbstractUrban green spaces provide an array of ecosystem services. Spiritual services provided by urban green spaces are widely used, but are often overlooked and rarely quantified. These services are accessed at sites of specific religious or sacred significance or more general urban green spaces used for religious practices that require natural or semi-natural, outdoor settings. We sampled twelve public green spaces in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, to determine their use as sites...
Diversity and structure of bird assemblages along urban-rural gradient in Kolkata, India
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Miranda Pal, Paul Pop, Aksheeta Mahapatra, Radhika Bhagat, Upamanyu HoreAbstractThis study examined the bird assemblages by comparing the bird species diversity, composition, guild structure, and habitat and height utilization along the urban-rural gradient. Birds were surveyed from January 2008 to December 2009 using fixed-radius point counts in 20 sampling points randomly selected within four different habitat. A total of 134 species were recorded from 160 point count sampling plots. Of all the...
Cross-cultural comparison of physiological and psychological responses to different garden styles
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Mohamed Elsadek, Minkai Sun, Ryo Sugiyama, Eijiro FujiiAbstractPrevious studies have focused mostly on distinguishing between the benefits of spending time in natural spaces compared to urban spaces, but less is known about the restorative potential of gardens. The goal of this study is to investigate the physiological and psychological effects of viewing different garden styles on 57 university students from two countries (Japan and Canada). Three gardens with different styles, landscape, Japanese...
The effects of root pruning on growth and physiology of two Acer species in New Zealand
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Andrew R. Benson, Justin Morgenroth, Andrew K. KoeserAbstractTrees in the urban environment are affected by anthropogenic activities that have the potential to negatively affect tree function, health, and growth. The provision and maintenance of new underground utilities, footpaths, and street furniture all have the potential to result in conflicts with tree root systems leading to root severance. Traditional investigations into the responses of trees to root severance usually involve severing roots...
A test of tree protection zones: Responses of Quercus virginiana Mill trees to root severance treatments
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Andrew R. Benson, Andrew K. Koeser, Justin MorgenrothAbstractA suite of best management practice documents (BMPs) providing procedures to protect trees are available around the world. An underpinning component of these texts is the provision of a tree protection zone (TPZ), the purpose of which is to define an area of ground surrounding the tree to be excluded from development activities. TPZs 12 times the trunk diameter are common in BMPs, however, the principles of the TPZ have not been...
Beyond the school grounds: Links between density of tree cover in school surroundings and high school academic performance
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Dongying Li, Yen-Cheng Chiang, Huiyan Sang, William C. SullivanAbstractLow academic performance in high school and increasing drop-out rates are major issues in the United States. While curricula and instruction clearly impact academic performance, less is known about how the outdoor environment surrounding the school impacts performance. In this study, we examined the association between tree cover density in school surroundings and school-level academic performance of public high schools in...
Most suitable landscape patterns to preserve indigenous plant diversity affected by increasing urbanization: A case study of Shunyi District of Beijing, China
###RSS_DATE###
Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Yu Peng, Kai Mi, Huiting Wang, Zhengwei Liu, Yongyi Lin, Weiguo Sang, Qingtong CuiAbstractThe effects of urbanization on plant diversity have been increasingly investigated around the world, but our knowledge of the performances of urbanized landscape is still inadequate for suitable urban landscape planning and management. We asked: 1) what are the effects of urbanized landscape pattern on indigenous plant diversity, and 2) do these effects exhibit scale dependence? A total of 105 plots...