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Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 

ScienceDirect Publication: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
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Application of land use regression techniques for urban greening: An analysis of Tianjin, China
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Ying Guo, Jason G. Su, Ya Dong, Jennifer WolchAbstractThe land cover types in a 4 km by 4 km space centered around an air quality monitoring station in the city of Tianjin were classified using the e-Cognition software. We identified 23 air quality monitoring sites and their surrounding land cover types. The suitability of using land cover types to predict traffic-related air pollution Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) was tested through a machine learning land use regression (LUR) modeling technique. We...
Sensitivity of simulated light interception and tree transpiration to the level of detail of 3D tree reconstructions
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Publication date: February 2019Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 38Author(s): Elena Bournez, Tania Landes, Georges Najjar, Pierre Kastendeuch, Jérôme Ngao, Marc SaudreauAbstractThe aim of this paper is to investigate the minimal level of detail of the tree geometry reconstruction required to enable an accurate estimate of the evaporative cooling effect of an individual tree.The Functional Structural Plant Modeling approach, which links the 3D tree structure to its functioning, is used to investigate the impact of the level of detail of a tree reconstruction on its simulated...
Classification of institutional barriers affecting the availability, accessibility and attractiveness of urban green spaces
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Magdalena Biernacka, Jakub KronenbergAbstractThe main goal of this article is to identify and classify institutional barriers which prevent the use of urban green spaces (UGS) at three levels: availability (whether a UGS exists), accessibility (whether it is physically and psychologically accessible, e.g., not fenced off), and attractiveness (whether it is attractive enough for potential users to visit). We reviewed the impacts on UGS provision exerted by different actors (individuals, formal and...
Cemeteries support avian diversity likewise urban parks in European cities: Assessing taxonomic, evolutionary and functional diversity
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Federico Morelli, Peter Mikula, Yanina Benedetti, Raphaël Bussière, Piotr TryjanowskiAbstractThe aim of this study was to explore different components of avian diversity in two types of urban green areas, parks and cemeteries, in four European countries in relation to environmental characteristics. We studied bird species richness, functional diversity and evolutionary distinctiveness in 79 parks and 90 cemeteries located in four European countries: the Czech Republic, France, Italy and...
First defense mechanisms of ornamental species suitable for urban green spaces in China exposed to ozone
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Ning Yang, Lorenzo Cotrozzi, Yulong Zhang, Xiaoke Wang, Zhiyun Ouyang, Feixiang ZhengAbstractHigh concentrations of tropospheric ozone (O3) represent a serious problem in the Northern Hemisphere, especially in hot spots as urban areas of China. In this study, the first defense mechanisms (i.e., stomatal behavior and morphology, ascorbate regulations) of three widely-used ornamental plant species (Cotinus coggygria Scop., Rosa chinensis Jacq., Tagetes erecta L.) to O3 were evaluated to test the...
Impact of attendees’ motivation and past experience on their attitudes toward the National Cherry Blossom Festival in Washington, D.C
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Jian Li, Jinyang Deng, Chad PierskallaAbstractMotivation and past experience have been frequently examined in the literature. However, most studies have examined the two concepts separately in a destination loyalty model, and few have made analyses at three levels: univariate or multivariate analysis, structural equation model (SEM) analysis, and SEM multi-group analysis. This study examined the two concepts at the three levels in the context of a cherry blossom festival, based on data collected...
The impact of seasonal colour change in planting on patients with psychotic disorders using biosensors
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Angeliki T. Paraskevopoulou, Emmanouela Kamperi, Nikos Demiris, Marina Economou, Christos Theleritis, Manos Kitsonas, Charalabos PapageorgiouAbstractThe beneficial effect of nature on patients with mental disorders is of particular importance. There has been an increase in mental illnesses in recent years, but research on the design of healing gardens for mental and behavioural disorders remains limited. This paper is part of a wider study that aims to investigate the effect of selected design...
Bird-flower interactions in an urban area: Ceiba pubiflora provides nectar and promotes biodiversity in the city
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Paulo Antonio SilvaAbstractUrbanization has negative effects on plant-animal interactions by reducing plant richness and increasing resource limitations. However, it is possible to replant these areas, and plant species can be selected based on the resources they provide, as well as their relationships with animals. I observed several trees of Ceiba pubiflora (Malvaceae, Bombacoideae) to identify the bird species interacting with their flowers in an urban area. This plant may be especially important...
Urban green space and well-being in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Tapan Kumar Nath, Shawn Sim Zhe Han, Alexander Mark LechnerAbstractThe association between urban green space and well-being has been extensively studied in many parts of the world such as Australia, Europe and North America. However, in tropical countries, especially in developing countries such as Malaysia there are few examples of such studies. This study, carried out in three selected parks in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, explored the perception of park users on their health and well-being outcomes...
Effects of varying soil and atmospheric water deficit on water use characteristics of tropical street tree species
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Pantana Tor-ngern, Ladawan PuangchitAbstractUrban trees provide several ecosystem services, yet they are less studied compared to trees in natural ecosystems. Investigating ecophysiological responses of different tree species to seasonal conditions and drought will help determine which would succeed in urban conditions. Here, we examined water use characteristics of common species in Bangkok, Thailand: Pterocarpus indicus (Pi), Swietenia macrophylla (Sm) and Lagerstroemia speciosa (Ls), with...
Can you really see ‘green’? Assessing physical and self-reported measurements of urban greenery
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Ina Falfán, Carlos A. Muñoz-Robles, Martha Bonilla-Moheno, Ian MacGregor-ForsAbstractUrban vegetation provides a wide array of services; yet, there is still a knowledge gap regarding the mechanistic processes behind urban vegetation–human well-being relationships. Two main approaches have been used to assess urban greenery associated with human well-being: physical and self-reported. We here assessed the associations between physical (green view index–GVI, green cover–GC) and self-reported...
Testing the accuracy of resistance drilling to assess tree growth rate and the relationship to past climatic conditions
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Luis Orozco-Aguilar, Craig R. Nitschke, Stephen J. Livesley, Cris Brack, Denise JohnstoneAbstractAssessing tree growth trends over time is a central but challenging aspect of urban forest management. The potential damage caused by invasive devices used in dendrochronological analysis is a common concern among urban foresters. Thus, the development of a less-invasive method for assessing tree growth rate faster that provides reliable results is clearly beneficial. In this study, resistance drilling...
The economic performance of urban gardening in three European cities – examples from Ljubljana, Milan and London
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Matjaž Glavan, Ulrich Schmutz, Sarah Williams, Stefano Corsi, Federica Monaco, Moya Kneafsey, Paola Andrea Guzman Rodriguez, Majda Čenič-Istenič, Marina PintarAbstractUrban gardening is not a new phenomenon but it has received considerably more practical and academic interest in recent years. Studies on economic aspects such as crop yields, inputs and outputs of production, productivity, gross margins and the contribution to home economics are rare, especially in Europe. While urban gardening...
The importance of host characteristics and canopy openness for pest management in urban forests
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Publication date: December 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 36Author(s): Adam Véle, Jakub HorákAbstractUrban forests are important for the health of cities. These forests face high anthropogenic pressure, including demands on their multi-functional role. Therefore, the impact of pests-induced disturbances may be greater for urban forests than forests outside of cities. Monitoring of pests in their native environment is an important tool for the management of urban forests. To better understand how pest population density is affected by the forest environment, we used...
Comparing the infiltration potentials of soils beneath the canopies of two contrasting urban tree species
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Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban GreeningAuthor(s): Mohammad A. Rahman, Astrid Moser, Marshal Anderson, Chi Zhang, Thomas Rötzer, Stephan PauleitAbstractWith ongoing urbanization and climate change our cities are continuously becoming warmer and susceptible to flash flooding. A wide array of green infrastructure including urban trees is getting attention to mitigate those problems; however, magnitude, patterns and processes of hydrological functional capacity of different tree species at micro-scales are largely unknown. We measured...
Most suitable landscape patterns to preserve indigenous plant diversity affected by increasing urbanization: a case study of Shunyi District of Beijing, China
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Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban GreeningAuthor(s): Yu Peng, Kai Mi, Huiting Wang, Zhengwei Liu, Yongyi Lin, Weiguo Sang, Qingtong CuiAbstractThe effects of urbanization on plant diversity have been increasingly investigated around the world, but our knowledge of the performances of urbanized landscape is still inadequate for suitable urban landscape planning and management. We asked: 1) what are the effects of urbanized landscape pattern on indigenous plant diversity, and 2) do these effects exhibit scale dependence? A total of 105 plots...
Beyond the school grounds: Links between density of tree cover in school surroundings and high school academic performance
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Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban GreeningAuthor(s): Dongying Li, Yen-Cheng Chiang, Huiyang Sang, William C. SullivanAbstractLow academic performance in high school and increasing drop-out rates are major issues in the United States. While curricula and instruction clearly impact academic performance, less is known about how the outdoor environment surrounding the school impacts performance. In this study, we examined the association between tree cover density in school surroundings and school-level academic performance of public high schools...
Enhancing Landscape Connectivity through Multi-functional Green Infrastructure Corridor Modeling and Design
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Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban GreeningAuthor(s): Zhenzhen Zhang, Sara Meerow, Joshua P. Newell, Mark Lindquist
A test of tree protection zones: Responses of Quercus virginiana Mill trees to root severance treatments
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Publication date: Available online 30 October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban GreeningAuthor(s): Andrew R. Benson, Andrew K. Koeser, Justin MorgenrothAbstractA suite of best management practice documents (BMPs) providing procedures to protect trees are available around the world. An underpinning component of these texts is the provision of a tree protection zone (TPZ), the purpose of which is to define an area of ground surrounding the tree to be excluded from development activities. TPZs 12 times the trunk diameter are common in BMPs, however, the principles of the TPZ have not been...
Advancing urban green infrastructure in Europe: Outcomes and reflections from the GREEN SURGE project
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Publication date: Available online 22 October 2018Source: Urban Forestry & Urban GreeningAuthor(s): Stephan Pauleit, Bianca Ambrose-Oji, Erik Andersson, Barbara Anton, Arjen Buijs, Dagmar Haase, Birgit Elands, Rieke Hansen, Ingo Kowarik, Jakub Kronenberg, Thomas Mattijssen, Anton Stahl Olafsson, Emily Rall, Alexander P.N. van der Jagt, Cecil Konijnendijk van den BoschAbstractUrban green infrastructure (UGI) is a promising concept when developing multifunctional green space systems to address major challenges of urbanization such as increasing social cohesion, promoting the transition to a...